Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

 

 

 

 

January

 

 

01/03/1853

“Arrival of the Seabird; Indian Commissioner,” Sacramento Daily Union, January 3, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Indian Commissioner Beale on his trip from San Francisco to Los Angeles via Stockton and Tulare Valley; after examining the condition of Indian affairs will be traveling to Washington.

PDF

01/05/1853

Folder F3753:226, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Battalion Brigadier General E.S. Hitchcock to Governor Bigler asking him to procure an act of Cession by the Legislature of certain lands near Benicia already given to the U.S. by citizens of Benicia. Says customary to ask for act. Written at Headquarters, Pacific Division, San Francisco, January 5, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

01/06/1853

Letter from Adam Johnston to S. F. Vinton, January 6, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Johnston discusses his accounts as an Indian agent and the claims of James D. Savage for depredation by California Indians.

PDF

01/06/1853

“Governor’s Message.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 6, 1853: p.1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Governor John Bigler citing other state examples where federal government reimbursed them for Indian wars, states “…there are to be found numerous appropriations made to individuals for services rendered by order of the several State authorities, and for and property stolen and destroyed by hostile Indians where insufficient protection had been extended by the General Government.”

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01/06/1853

“Governor’s Message; Indian Commissioner,” Sacramento Daily Union, January 6, 1853: p. 6, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The number of regulation regular troops detailed for service in California has not, at any time been proportionate to the demands of the service. The Indians upon our frontier are still hostile, and collisions between them and the whites have, during the past summer, been of frequent occurrence, and many of our most estimable and useful citizens have been sacrificed in consequence of the neglect of the General Government to make adequate military provision for our protection.”

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01/07/1853

Letter from C. M. Conrad to A. H. H. Stuart, January 7, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Conrad sends Stuart correspondence about Indian Affairs from the military leaders in California and the Santa Fe Trail.

PDF

01/07/1853

Letter from Alex H. H. Stuart to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, January 7, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Stuart wants to know what amount of money will be required for California and Oregon by December 1st of the next year.

PDF

01/07/1853

“President’s Message.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 7, 1853: p.1, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

President Millard Fillmore:
“The Senate not having thought proper to ratify the treaties which had been negotiated with the tribes of Indians in California and Oregon, our relations with them have been left in a very unsatisfactory condition…The treaties which have been rejected proposed…allotting to the different tribes districts of suitable to their habits of life, and sufficient for their support. This provision, more than any other, it is believed, led to their rejection; and as no substitute for it has been adopted by Congress, it has not been deemed advisable to enter into new treaties of a permanent character…”

PDF

01/08/1853

Letter from O. M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, January 8, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wozencraft discusses his outstanding accounts.

PDF

01/14/1853

Folder F3753:227, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Bigler to Battalion Brigadier General Hitchcock, Company Commander, Department of Pacific, U.S. Army, informing Hitchcock that his request for a cession of state land to the U.S. is covered by an act of the California Legislature in 1852. Sends him a copy of state statutes and cites appropriate chapters.
Written in Vallejo, January 14, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

01/15/1853

“News of the Fortnight…Mr. Beale.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 15, 1853: p.1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Mr. Beale, Indian agent, was at last accounts in the Tulare country, where he had been most successful in his negotiations with the Indians. He has restored peace and satisfaction to the savages, who seem willing to work for their own support, now that they are compelled to do so.”

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01/15/1853

“Indian Matters.” Los Angeles Star, January 15, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

01/18/1853

L. Lea to Ed. F. Beale, January 18, 1853, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 33 (688).

Reassigns Mckee to the position of Indian agent.

PDF

01/18/1853

Letter from O. M. Wozencraft to A. H. H. Stuart, January 18, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wozencraft requests to be informed of what were the grounds of objection to his official acts which resulted in his removal from office.

PDF

01/19/1853

“From the Chowchilla.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 19, 1853: p.2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The relations that exist between the whites and Indians are of the most amicable character, and all fears of any outbreak have disappeared from the minds of the settlers.”

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01/22/1853

“More Indian Difficulties – Death of a Chief.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Frenchtown; Hasty’s ranch; Lyon’s Ranch

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01/22/1853

“Sacramento News – Marysville; More Indian Difficulties – Death of a Chief.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

01/24/1853

Letter from O. M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, January 24, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wozencraft re-sends directly letters that he thought were sent earlier.

PDF

01/24/1853

Folder F3753:67, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A deposition of Charles Pfeifer attesting to service with 2nd Battalion, California Volunteers, Company Commander Major Rogers, in May-June 1851 for 33 days, assigns power of attorney to James Balston and/or Thomas Sunderland to collect whatever he is due. Notorized attached letter to State Treasurer from James Balston asks for payment. Written in Quincy, Illinois, January 24, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

01/27/1853

“Los Angeles and San Diego.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 27, 1853: p.1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“B.D. Wilson, the Indian Commissioner for this section of the country, has prepared, at the request of the Superintendent, a report upon the condition of the Indians, together with a plan for their future management…Mr. Weaver writes to Mr. Wilson that the Indians about San Gorgonio are more than usually friendly…”

PDF

01/28/1853

“California Legislature.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 28, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Vallejo, Jan. 26th …Assembly…Mr. McFarland gave notice that he would, at an early day, introduce an act for the protection of Indians.”

PDF

01/30/1853

“News from Cow Creek, Shasta.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 30, 1853: p.2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

01/30/1853

Secondary Sources only:
Prucha, Francis Paul. A Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 79.

Whiting, J.S. and Richard Whiting. Forts of the State of California. Lonview: Daily News Press, 1960, 34-35.

U.S. military post Fort Humboldt established on Humboldt Bay at the mouth of the Humboldt River on high bluff, Bucksport on low ground between fort and the bay.

Camps associated with Fort Humboldt:
Fort Anderson/Camp Anderson
Camp Armstrong
Fort Baker
Camp Boynton Prairie
Camp Crescent City
Camp Curtis
Camp Grant
Fort Iaqua
Lighthouse Point
Camp Lippitt
Camp Liscom Hill
Camp Lyon
Camp Mattole
Newkirk’s Mill Post
Camp Olney
Orleans Bar Post
Camp Pardee’s Ranch
Camp Redwood
Fort Seward

 

01/31/1853

Folder F3753:112, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J. Harper to Dr. Pierce, State Controller asking procedure to establish service with Major Roger’s 2nd Battalion, in 1851 for one Frederick Secriet who has lost his discharge. Also two affidavits swearing to Secriet’s service. Written in Weaverville, January 31, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

February

 

 

02/02/1853

Letter from W. K. Sebastian to Luke Lea, February 2, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Sebastian represents the committee on Indian Affairs when asking Lea for more information about claims put forward by O. M. Wozencraft.

PDF

02/03/1853

“Indian Robberies on Dry Creek – Arming of the People – Fights with the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mokelumne river near Dry Creek; Bragg; Drew; Gardiner; Benson

PDF

02/04/1853

“San Joaquin News – Fight on the Chowchilla.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 4, 1853: p.2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Chowchilla; Dr. Westphall

PDF

02/04/1853

“Indian Robberies on Dry Creek – Arming of the People – Fights with the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 4, 1853: p.2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

02/05/1853

“From Humboldt – Arrival of the Goliath.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 5, 1853: p.2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rumor of murder of two men on Eel river trail leading to Trinity river; ship Goliath left San Francisco January 28 with “120 tons of government stores and two companies of U.S. troops under command of Lt. Col. Buchanan, who were left encamped with Dr. Drysdale, Lts. Bonncastle, Underwood, Scott and Crooks, at Bucksport.”

PDF

02/05/1853

“Indian Difficulties – Fight on the Chowchilla.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 5, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Chowchilla; Starkie; Dr. Westfall; Roane

“These Indians think the government of the United States has not acted in good faith with them, in not carrying out the stipulations of the treaty, and they complain that the Americans have cut off their supply of fish, destroyed their acorn trees, and have killed or driven away the deer from their hunting grounds, and that they are in a state bordering on actual starvation.”

PDF

02/09/1853

“Dry Creek Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 9, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dry Creek; Benson

PDF

02/10/1853

“Dry Creek Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 10, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dry Creek; Benson

PDF

02/10/1853

Folder F3753:93, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Note for $98.83 for repair of harness of wagon train used by Battalion California Mounted Volunteers, Major Savage, Company Commander, signed by J.G. Marvin, Quarter Master, to Thompson Baxter. Attached letter dated February 10, 1853, to Winslow Pierce, State Controller, asking if anything has been done about claim. Written in Stockton, July 12, 1851.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

02/11/1853

Letter from George Wright to E.D. Townsend, February 11, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

In relation to settlements made on public lands; question about whether land is available for settlement or considered “Indian Country.”

PDF

02/12/1853

“The Stockton Republican contains.. .” Sacramento Daily Union, February 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

02/14/1853

“Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 14, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Fremont road; Camp No. 2; Starkie; Deputy Sheriff Rhone

“Their [the Indians] camp was burnt and many trophies were taken.”

PDF

02/14/1853

Letter from O. M. Wozencraft to J. H. Lendrum, February 14, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wozencraft writes to Lendrum about the disposition of Indian goods by Redick McKee.

PDF

02/16/1853

“From Mariposa – The Indians Quiet.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 16, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The report circulated in regard to the Indians attacking Fort Miller and the killing of Mr. Converse, on the San Joaquin, is unfounded…A gentleman just from Tulare reports the Indians at that place friendly and quiet.”

PDF

02/16/1853

Folder F3753:223, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Bigler to Senate and Assembly of California extolling virtues of Captain Ben Wright and Sheriff McDermitt, Siskiyou County for defending citizens there against Indians. Also transmits papers received from them (missing). Written at Executive Department, Benicia, February 16, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

Unknown

Folder F3753:224, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Resolution by Assembly asking Congress to pay for services and supplies incurred during various Indian
Expeditions in California. Asks Governor to forward copy to each California Congressman. Location and date written unknown.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

02/22/1853

“Shasta Correspondence.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 22, 1853: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Cow Creek; Fort Reading; Harvey Burns; Compton

“…the Indians are not so bad this winter as last, though I have heard of several robberies by them.”

PDF

02/23/1853

Response from B.L.E. Bonneville to E.D. Townsend, February 23, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Concerning settlements on Indian territory. Bonneville describes the Indians as friendly and quick to adopt Western ways. Additional letter enclosed.

PDF

02/26/1853

“Rumors from San Gorgonio.” Los Angeles Star, February 26, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Weaver

“The law expressly provides that the Indians shall retain uninterrupted possession of lands they may have occupied for a series of years. Moreover, these Indians are Juan Antonio’s Cahuillas, with whom Gen. Bean formed a treaty, pledging the faith of the State that they should not be molested so long as they observed the terms.”

PDF

 

 

March

 

 

03/01/1853

Letter from E.D. Townsend to George Wright, March 1, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Regarding settlements on public lands and relations with Indians.

PDF

03/01/1853

Folder F3753:164, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A memorandum of the various claims for service owned by J. Perry and power of attorney authorizing A. J. Phelan to collect for him. Evidently Perry bought there claims, or some of them as a speculation. Written in Benicia, March 1 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/01/1853

Folder F3753:165, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A draft on Treasurer of California in favor of W. B. Reynolds for three months and eight days service for self and three mules in Company H, California Rangers, Gila Expedition, signed by J. Morehead, Quarter Master and Commissary General for California for $484.00. Notation on back by State Comptroller Pierce indicates paid to John Perry who bought it from Reynolds. Written March 1, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/03/1853

Alex H.H. Stuart to W.K. Sebastian, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, March 3, 1853, in Letter From the Secretary of the Interior Communicating the Report of Edward F. Beale, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California, Respecting the Condition of Indian Affairs in that State, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 57, pp. 1-18 (665). [Includes enclosed report of Edward F. Beale, Superintendent of California Indian Affairs, and correspondence from Luke Lea, Commissioner of Indian Affairs.]

Mentions massacre at “Happy Camp”.

PDF

03/05/1853

“Exciting News from Tehama – Indian Thefts- Terrible Vengeance of the Whites.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 5, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Moon’s Ranch; Thomes; Toombs; Breckenridge; Carter; Capt. George Rose

“Capt. Rose took one child. Mr. Lattimer another, and the others were disposed of in the same charitable manner among the party.”

PDF

03/06/1853

“Exciting News from Tehama – Indian Thefts- Terrible Vengeance of the Whites.” San Francisco Daily Alta, March 6, 1853: p.2, col. 3.

Breckenridge, Deer Creek, Pine Creek, small pox used as a weapon against Indians

PDF

03/07/1853

“San Francisco Advertisements – Claims Against the United States.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 7, 1853: p. 4, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The undersigned has established an Agency in the city of San Francisco, for the prosecution of the claims of Californians against the Government of the United States…

Claims of citizens for depredations committed upon their property by the Indian Tribes within the State.

Claims of contractors, for advances made, and supplies furnished, under contract with the Indian Agents of the United States, to enable them to carry into effect the treaties negotiated by them with the Indian Tribes…”

PDF

03/10/1853

Letter from Samuel L. Harris to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, March 10, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Bidwell’s claim for wheat furnished to California Indians by order of O. M. Wozencraft, also includes draft of Wozencraft receipt for $50 in favor of Stephen Smith for services, as well as a copy of power of attorney between Harris and Brinsmade.

PDF

03/14/1853

Letter from E.A. Hitchcock to Col. [Samuel] Cooper, March 14, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Enclosures stated in the letter are not present.

PDF

03/15/1853

“Shasta Correspondence.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 15, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Indians, the pests of the northern country, have thus far prevented a full development of our wealth, but the influx of miners which we shall have, will certainly drive them back…All these depredations have a very bad effect on our business…The fact is, we are the most exposed, suffer more, and are worse protected than any other portion of the State, and no prospect of any improvement except from the efforts of the citizens.”

PDF

03/16/1853

“Sacramento News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 16, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

03/21/1853

Letter from E. F. Beale to Luke Lea, March 21, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Beale encloses newspaper clippings to describe relations between troops, white settlers, and Indians.

PDF

03/21/1853

Folder F3753:166, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Correspondence from J. Perry to A. J. Phelan, his agent, concerning claims for war service Perry has acquired through purchase. He mentions a listing of lost documents and then says received land grants for them. Also a power of attorney is attached from Perry to A. Kimbell to collect any claims still on file. Written in San
Francisco, March 21, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/21/1853

Folder F3753:167, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of attorney of J. Hinkson to A. Kimbell to collect any claims due him from California. Written in Benicia, March 21, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/22/1853

Letter from O. M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, March 22, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wozencraft writes about the superindent’s assessment of his “dereliction of duty” and wants to know if there is any money owed to him.

PDF

03/22/1853

“Our Shasta Correspondence.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“During the last week I have heard of no serious depredations having been committed by the Indians”

PDF

03/24/1853

Letter from E. F. Beale to R. McClelland, March 24, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Beale requests some assistance as he adjusts the accounts of former Indian agents, McKee, Barbour, and Wozencraft.

PDF

03/29/1853

“Trinity County Correspondence.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 29, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Redd Bluffs; Salmon Creek; Indian creek; Bastrop; Druillard; Dr. White; Pitt River Indians

Drouillard and Bastrop murdered three Indians despite rest of white group being against harming Indians.

Drouillard scalped one Indian alive; shot Dr. White, stole his horse.

PDF

03/29/1853

“Latest from Shasta and Yreka – Indian Depredations Three Men Shot!” Sacramento Daily Union, March 29, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sugar Loaf Mountain; John Neilon; Bruner; Pedro Caino; Dr. Baldwin; Durand

PDF

03/29/1853

“From Shasta.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 29, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sugar Loaf Mountain; John Neilon; Bruner; Pedro Caino; Dr. Baldwin; Durand

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03/30/1853

“Another Indian Murder – Death of Lieut. Russell” Sacramento Daily Union, March 30, 1853 p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Thom’s Creek; Colusa county; Edward Russell, 1st Lieut., Fourth Infantry; Col. Wright

“Lieut. Russell is widely known throughout the State, and his lamentable death will be regretted by a large number of acquaintances and friends. Of course, the sad event has still further exasperated the citizens of this section.”

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03/30/1853

“Indian Murders and Troubles.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 30, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/30/1853

“More Indian Murders.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 30, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/30/1853

Letterhead from Robert McClelland and E. F. Beale, March 30, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Various writers seek approval and enclose relevant documents.

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03/31/1853

“Indian disturbances have begun again…” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 31, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/31/1853

“Arrival of the Ohio- Later from the South; Indian Troubles Brewing.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 31, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“A delegation of thirty-two Cahuilla Indians came to town this week, on a visit to Mr. Wilson, Indian Agent, to whom they make the following complaint: That Mr. Weaver at San Gorginio, has annoyed them by shooting their animals, and imposing upon them in various ways for some time past; and to their repeated protestations he pays no regard. Mr. Wilson was unable to afford them any redress of relief, as their case comes within the civil jurisdiction of the State…It is not probable, however, that these Indians would come thus far to tell their grievances without good reason. They say that according to the treaty made by them with Gen. Bean and Commissioner Wozencraft, a portion of land was ceded to them, and they claim the right to occupy it, and pursue their avocations, whatever they may be, unmolested.”

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03/31/1853

“More Indian Murders and Depredations.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 31, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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April

 

 

04/02/1853

“[The Indians About Shasta.]” Placer Herald, April 2, 1853: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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04/02/1853

“The Indians Again.” Los Angeles Star, April 2, 1852: p.2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/02/1853

“Indian Visit.” Los Angeles Star, April 2, 1852: p.2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/05/1853

Letter from Wetmore, Robert and Company to Robert McClelland, April 5, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Wetmore asks for verification regarding the drafts of Indian Agent, Adam Johnston.

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04/07/1853

Letter from James B. Bowlin to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, April 7, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Bowlin requests $3825 for services rendered, on behalf of his client, [Mr. Lance?].

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04/09/1853

“Saturday Morning….” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 9, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“It has been attempted at various times to introduce negro, Asiatic, Kanaka, and every other kind of labor that could be had at a cheaper rate than that of American citizens. The last thing we have heard of in this line appeared in the form of a bill introduced in the Assembly yesterday, the purport of which was to reduce the Indians to a state of slavery. The bill is very long and provides to have the Indians bound out for any given number of years to serve such white men as will give the required security for their maintenance and support…”

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04/12/1853

“Fight with the Indians at Yreka.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/13/1853

R. McClelland to E.F. Beale, April 13, 1853, document no. 89 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 464-466 (710).

 

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04/14/1853

R. Mclelland to Edward F. Beale, April 14, 1853, document no. 90 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, p. 466 (710).

 

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04/14/1853

Letter from R. McClelland to E. F. Beale, April 14, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

[Copy] McClelland gives Beale authorization to withdraw 30,000 for “general incidental expenses of the Indian department in California”.

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04/14/1853

Folder F3753:168, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from A. J. Phelan to J. Perry enclosing a $1,000 war bond and certificates for $8.98. Phelan states unable to collect remainder as Board disallowed them. He returns disallowed claims. Written in Benicia, April 14, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

04/15/1853

“More Troops for the North.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 15, 1853: p. 3, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/23/1853

Arrival of the Golden Gate, Sixteen Days Later News [Regards Beale and military reservations.] Placer Herald, April 23, 1853: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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04/23/1853

Letter from D. S. Williams to Robert McClelland, April 23, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Williams asks if McClelland will be honoring the payments promised by Indian Agent, Adam Johnston.

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04/27/1853

“A Specific Charge – The ‘Alta’ and the Indian Commissioners.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 27, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/27/1853

“Spirit of the Interior Press.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 27, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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04/28/1853

Letter from Jefferson Davis to Robert McClelland, April 28, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Davis transmits reports about Indian Affairs from military officials in Florida, New Mexico, and California.

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04/28/1853

“From the Upper Tuolumne.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 28, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Oak Flat; Pena Blanco; Coulterville; Maxwell Creek; Don Pedro’s Bar; J.M. Billings

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04/30/1853

“From the Shasta Region.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 30, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Mr. Tomlinson, a Shasta merchant, coming down the country, met several of his teamsters at Cottonwood, who informed him that the Indians had run off twenty-four head of his work oxen. Having six or seven men with him, he mustered up a few others and started in pursuit of the thieves declaring his determination to have a scalp for every oxen stolen.”

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04/30/1853

“Large Gathering of Friendly Indians,” Placer Herald, April 30, 1853: p. 1, col. 4.

 

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May

 

 

05/01/1853

“From the Shasta Region.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 1, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/03/1853

“From the Extreme North,” Placerville Herald, May 3, 1853: p. 4, col. 2.

 

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05/03/1853

Letter from B. Oscar Fields to G. W. Manypenny, May 3, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Fields wants to be informed if someone files a claim against “root digger” and if he does, Fields would like a copy of it.

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05/06/1853

“Rather Cool Indian Policy.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 6, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/07/1853

“The Courts.” Los Angeles Star, May 7, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Before Justice Dryden – William Gavoni brought up an Indian boy last Tuesday, on a charge of running away from his service. It appeared from careful inquiry however, that so far from being any just ground for complaint against the Indian, he had been most inhumanly maltreated by Gavoni, the marks of which were still prominent upon his person. The Justice very properly refused to entertain the charge and dismissed the case, Mr. Gavoni paying the costs thereof, which amounted to about $10.”

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05/07/1853

“The Indian Swindle.” Los Angeles Star, May 7, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

San Joaquin; Fremont; Savage; Alexander Godey; Joel H. Brooks; Beale; regarding beef contracts

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05/07/1853

“Indian Depredations.” Los Angeles Star, May 7, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/07/1853

“Vengeance on the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 7, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/08/1853

“Vengeance on the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 8, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Red Bluffs; Clay Bank Creek; Tomlinson

Tomlinson and his gang killed three Indians and burned the Indian Rancheria where 300-400 Indians lived.

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05/09/1853

Letter from James D. Stevenson to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, May 9, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Stevenson requests more information on cashing in his claim from providing medical services to Shasta Indians.

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05/11/1853

“Indian War.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 11, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The details of what was almost an Indian war, that occurred at Caulfield’s ranch, Tuesday morning, have been furnished us, but they do not contain sufficient ‘horrors’ to interest the reader.”

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05/12/1853

“To the Editors of the Union.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Gentlemen: In your today’s number of the Union, we notice the statement of an Indian difficulty having occurred on Caulfield’s ranch, which is not the case. The ranch belongs to the Indians, and has been owned by them for generations gone by. Caulfield has forced from them their homes and burial ground of their ancestors. The Indians have shown no disposition to be hostile or contentious, as all their neighbors will testify. Sacramento, May 11”

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05/13/1853

“The Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 13, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

American Township; Henry Caulfield; Justice Winchell

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05/14/1853

“From Shasta,” Placer Herald, May 14, 1853: p. 1, col. 3.

 

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05/19/1853

Folder F3753:212, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from William Rose to Dr. Pierce, State Comptroller, asking payment for furnishing a mule for 62 days to Captain Wright’s mounted volunteer company in 1852. Two affidavits accompany letter swearing to facts as stated. Written in Siskiyou County, May 19, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

05/24/1853

“San Joaquin News – Indian Thefts.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 24, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/27/1853

“Caulfield Again in Trouble.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 27, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/28/1853

“Nevada.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 28, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“…small pox has prevailed to a great extent among the Indians the present season…”

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05/29/1853

“Smallpox Among the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 29, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/30/1853

Folder F3753:213, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Elias Stone to W. Pierce, State Comptroller asking $200.00 for board and case of I.W. San Banack, commissary officers for Captain Wright’s Mounted Volunteers. Attached are affidavits that only Stone cared for San Banack by county clerk and Stone. Also letter from San Banack to Pierce warning against a Dr. Ironside trying to collect mileage and board for wounded; neither performed! Written in Yreka, May 30, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

June

 

 

06/04/853

“Indian Affairs.” Los Angeles Star, June 4, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Regards Indian Reservations, Beale

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06/12/1853

“Indian Troubles.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/15/1853

Letter from Oliver M. Wozencraft to George Washington Manypenny, June 15, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Regarding salary due to Wozencraft and his inability to procure vouchers.

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06/17/1853

Letter from B. Oscar Fields to President Franklin Pierce, June 17, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Fields gives a description of the “root digger Indian” and their country in California, also encloses a copy of an affadavit against band of Indians.

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06/18/1853

“The Diggers’ Fandango,” Placer Herald, June 18, 1853: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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July

 

 

 

07/13/1853

“Indian Murders.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 13, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sonora; Sugar Pine Creek

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07/15/1853

“Another Murder by Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 15, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sonora; Sugar Pine Creek

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07/16/1853

“For the Placerville Herald – July 9, 1853, Camp Creek,” Placer Herald, July 16, 1853: p. 2, col. 3

 

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07/18/1853

Letter from E. Gould Buffum to California Superintendant of Indian Affairs, July 18, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Buffum seeks a claim for services as an interpreter to Adam Johnston, a sub-agent in California.

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07/20/1853

“Sonora – Later from the Sierra.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 20, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sheriff Swope

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07/21/1853

“Army Intelligence – U.S. Troops on the Pacific.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 21, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/22/1853

“San Joaquin.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 22, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Lieut. N.H. McClean; Beale; Fort Miller; Taejon Pass

“He [McClean] found all of the Indians most friendly disposed, and very anxious to be located in some place, when the promised provision for them can be made.”

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07/26/1853

“Letter from the Mountains.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 26, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The party that went out to hunt the Indians have returned – all of them safe, contrary to stories that were afloat previous to their arrival. They hadn’t seen so much as an old squaw.”

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07/28/1853

“Letter from Sonoma.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 28, 1853: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/28/1853

“San Joaquin – the Indian Hunt.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 28, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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August

 

 

08/03/53

Geo. W. Manypenny, “Circular to Agents and Sub-Agents,” August 3, 1853, document no. 101 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 515-516 (746).

 

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08/04/1853

“The Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 4, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Senator Gwin says that during his trip down the Valley, and in his communications with the Indians, he has been impressed with the conviction they are perfectly willing to be removed wherever whenever the government may deem best. A general contentment pervades all the tribes.”

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08/06/1853

“Public Defence – the Los Angeles Rangers.” Los Angeles Star, August 6, 1853: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/09/1853

“From Yreka – Fight with the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 9, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/09/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 9, 1853: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The expedition which went in pursuit of the Indians who had stolen stock in Shasta Valley has returned from McCloud’s river – The expeditionists killed twenty Indians, and recovered a portion of the stock.”

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08/10/1853

“From the Tehone Pass; Senator Gwin’s ‘Exploration’– The Indians of That Section.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 10, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/11/1853

“The Citizens of Yreka have recently killed twenty-five out of band of thirty Indians,” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), August 11, 1853: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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08/13/1853

“The Yreka Herald,” Placerville Herald, August 13, 1853: p. 2, col. 4

Reports livestock stolen by Indians

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08/15/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 15, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/15/1853

“Shasta News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 15, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Herald and the [Shasta] Courier both demand a war of extermination, ‘death to all opposition, white men or Indians.’”

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08/18/1853

“Later from the North – Another Encounter with the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 18, 1853: p.2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1853

“More Indian Fighting.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), August 19, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1853

“Northern California – Indian War in Oregon.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 19, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1853

Folder F3753:113, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Claims of Z. West for $650 for supplies furnished 2nd Battalion California Volunteers, Major Rogers, Company Commander, and for two discharges he acquired. Evidently early attempts to collect fail and he has sent power of attorney to Wm. Smith, U.S. Marshall in Benicia from his home in Illinois. Written August 19, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

08/21/1853

“Indian Massacres in Rogue River Valley – A War of Extermination Begun.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 21, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/22/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 22, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/22/1853

E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny, August 22, 1853, document no. 91 of “Report of the Commissioner of the Indian Affairs,” H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. I, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 467-469 (710).

Letter to G.W. Manypenny asking for flexibility in establishing agrarian reservations for Indians.

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08/23/1853

“The Smallpox.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/24/1853

“From the Tejon Pass – Encounters with the Indians – Shameful Treatment of Friendly Tribes.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 24, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/26/53

“The Indian War” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), August 26, 1853: p.2, col.2.
California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/26/53

“An Indian Battle Fought!” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), August 26, 1853: p.2, col.2.
California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/27/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 27, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/27/1853

“The Indian Difficulties in the North.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 27, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/28/1853

“Indian Massacre – Further from the North.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 28, 1853, p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/29/1853

“Within the last fortnight, difficulties of a significant nature…” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 29, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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September

 

 

09/01/1853

“The Indians” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 1, 1853: p.2, col. 2.

 

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09/02/1853

“Another Battle with the Indians.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 2, 1853: p.2, col. 4.

 

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09/02/1853

“Late and Important. More Indian Fighting.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 2, 1853: p.2, col. 4.

 

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09/02/1853

“One man shot dead and five wounded.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 2, 1853: p.2, cols. 4-5.

 

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09/02/1853

“From the Interior – Yuba.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 2, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“A call has been made by Mr. McMeans, late of the Legislature from Klamath county, to raise a company of sixty volunteers from San Francisco to aid in quelling the Indian disturbances in the northern portion of the State.”

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09/03/1852

“[Totas Tribe and Smallpox.]” Placerville Herald, September 3, 1853: p. 1, col. 3.

 

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09/03/1853

“The Indians.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 3, 1853: p.2, col. 3.

 

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09/03/1853

“Arrival of Lieut. Beale.” Los Angeles Star, September 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/03/1853

“News from the North.” Los Angeles Star, September 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/03/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/03/1853

“The Indian Hostilities – Another Battle.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/04/1853

George Stoneman, R.S. Williamson, JNO G. Parke, to E.F. Beale, September 4, 1853, document no. 99 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 478-479 (710).

States opinions regarding the establishment of and locations for reservations.

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09/04/1853

“Sacramento News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 4, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/08/1853

“Dr. Wozencraft Letter.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 8, 1853: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/10/1853

“Sacramento News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 10, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/10/1853

“From the Interior – Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 10, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/11/1853

“Indian Affairs in the North.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 11, 1853: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/12/1853

“Later from Rogue River.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/12/1853

“Latest from the Seat of War.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 12, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/13/1853

“Later News from Northern California.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 13, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/17/1853

“Treaty-Probable Conclusion of Peace with the Rogue River Indians.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 2, 1853: p.2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/18/1853

“Sacramento News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 18, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/19/1853

“Sacramento News.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 19, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/19/1853

“Later from the Scene of Indian Disturbances at the North!” Sacramento Daily Union, September 19, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/19/1853

“From Yreka.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 19, 1853: p.2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/20/1853

H.B. Edwards to Supt. Beale, September 20, 1853, document no. 93 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 472-474 (710).

Reports the establishment of a reservation on the San Joaquin River.

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09/22/1853

“The Arrival of Mr. Beale…” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/22/1853

“Indian Affairs – Arrival of Mr. Beale – His Talk with the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 22, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/23/1853

“Wells Fargo & Co…” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), September 23, 1853: p.2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/24/1853

“The Treaty with the Rogue River Indians; Latest from the Rogue River Country – Battle with the Applegate Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 24, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/24/1853

“Later from Northern California” Sacramento Daily Union, September 24, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/24/1853

Folder F3753:169, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from John Wheeler to Packard explaining all the various war claims Packard has against state and degree of expectation of payment. Written in Los Angeles, September 24, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

09/25/1853

“Arrival of Lieut. Beale” Sacramento Daily Union, September 25, 1853: p. 2, col.1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/27/1853

E.F. Beale to Wm. M. Gwin and M.S. Latham, September 27, 1853, document no. 95 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 475-476 (710).

Proposes purchasing land for the establishment of reservations.

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09/30/1853

E.F. Beale to Geo. W. Manypenny, September 30, 1853, document no. 92 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 469-472 (710).

States acceptance of agricultural training plan proposed to Indians.

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October

 

 

10/01/1853

“Letter from Fort Jones.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 1, 1853: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/01/1853

“The arrival of Superintendent Beale and his activity…” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 1, 1853: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/02/1853

John B. Weller to E.F. Beale, October 2, 1853, document no. 97 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 476-477 (710).

States that reservations are necessary for the protection of California tribes, but opposes the sizes granted by law.

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10/03/1853

Letter from E. F. Beale to R. P. Hammond, October 3, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Beale requests a disbursement for the rest of his allotted funds for, “general incidental expenses of the Indian Department”.

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10/10/1853

E.F. Beale to George W. Manypenny, October 10, 1853, document no. 94 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 474-475 (710).

Transmits letters of congressional delegates of CA on the subject of the purchase of Spanish grants for Indian reservations.

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10/10/1853

“United States Troops at the North; Indian Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 10, 1853: p. 2, col.1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Col. Wright; Lieut. Bates; Fort Reading

“From the Shasta Courier we learn that on Tuesday last two Indians were killed in the vicinity of Mill Seat Creek by Mr. Mackley, son of the gentleman whose death occurred last week. They were friendly to the whites, but mistaken for enemies by Mr. M.”

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10/12/1853

“The Indians Killed.” Daily Evening Herald (Marysville), October 12, 1853: p.2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“We learn that on Tuesday last two Indians were killed in the vicinity of Mill Seat Creek by Mr. Mackley, son of the gentleman whose death we noticed last week. The Indians who were killed were friendly to the whites, and were in search of strayed cattle, but unfortunately they were not recognized by Mr. Mackley.”

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10/14/1853

Letter from R. P. Hammand to James Guthrie, October 14, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Hammond submits Beale’s California charges to the treasury for re-imbursement.

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10/14/1853

J.A. McDougal to E.F. Beale, October 14, 1853, document no. 98 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 477-478 (710).

States information regarding the acquisition of land for reservations.

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10/23/1853

“United States Troops at the North.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 23, 1853: p. 3, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/24/1853

“Threatened Outbreak of Indians on the Fresno.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 24, 1853: p. 3, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Millerton: Our usually quiet town was thrown into quite an excitement, a day or two since, by the arrival of an express from the Frezno calling for troops to protect Messrs. Haler & Co.’s rancho and store from an anticipated outbreak of the Indians. A detachment was immediately sent out under Lieut. Wright. On arriving at the Frezno they found the Indians quiet, and from the statements given by them, Lieut. Wright was led to believe it was a false alarm. If an attack by them on the American had been intended, it has been suppressed by the prompt action of the officers at this post…”

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10/30/1853

Folder F3753:34, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from George Hamilton to W. S. Pierce, State Controller, telling him that Hamilton had sent his discharge and receipt for destroyed gun through Adams Express Company but inadvertently addressed to Pierce Winslow. Hoped Pierce received papers. Written at Mokelumne Hill, October 30, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

 

November

 

 

11/02/1853

“Letter from Fort Miller – Success of the Reservation Policy.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 2, 1853: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/02/1853

“News from Southern California – Indian Movements.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 2, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“A deputation of young men from the tribes about Nevada and Grass Valley, arrived in Los Angeles last week, to visit the Reserve set apart for them at the Tejon. They will remain on this reserve sufficient time to travel over and become acquainted with its capacities and then return to report to their tribes.”

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11/14/1853

Letter from James Guthrie to R. McClelland, November 14, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Guthrie requests proper evidence for money to be paid out on Beale’s California charges.

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11/18/1853

G.W. Manny Penny to E.F. Beale, November 18, 1853, document no. 101 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 480-481 (710).

Comments on letters received indicating the progress made in the execution of the plan for the removal and subsistence of the California Indians.

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11/23/1853

“Letter from Los Angeles.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 2, 1853: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/23/1853

“Fourteen Days Later Intelligence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 23, 1853: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/26/1853

Geo. W. Manypenny, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 26, 1853, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1,, Pt. 1, Doc. 1 pp. 243-267 (710).

Pages 258-259 discuss Indian affairs in California

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11/29/1853

“Alas! The Poor Indian.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 29, 1853: p. 3, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“No wonder that the Indian attacks upon his natural foe, the white man, when opportunity presents. Read the following from the Shasta Courier: Mr. Pierce…missed some of his animals…soon after he observed several Indians approaching, and jumping at the conclusion upon the instant, that the Indians had stolen his animals, he shot two of them dead. In a very few hours thereafter he found his animals in the immediate vicinity of his camp! The consequence has been that since that time the ranchmen in the valley have lost a large number of animals; and ultimately result will be the further loss of life on both sides. Such inconsiderate conduct on the part of a sensible white man is inexcusable – proceeding from malice for purposes of justice, it is pure revenge and a most heinous crime.”

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December

 

00/00/1853

Ed. E. Cheevers, “Estimate of Expenses of Removing Five Hundred Indians from Guber (Feather River) to Indian Reserve, by Land,” document no. 100 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, Doc. 1, p. 480 (710).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/01/1853

“Oregon…The Indians in Illinois Valley.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 1, 1853: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Indians in Illinois Valley (the extreme south) have been troublesome, but were quieted by a brush with U.S. troops, in which eight Indians were killed.”

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12/03/1853

“Indian Arrests.” Los Angeles Star, December 3, 1853: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/05/1853

“Meeting in Mariposa.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 5, 1853: p. 3, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Sonora Herald contains the proceedings of a meeting of citizens held in Mariposa on the 25th of Oct, in which they deny the statements made in the report of Superintendent Beale, that they have treated the Indians in their vicinity with cruelty. They also passed a series of resolutions denying the right of the General Government to make Indian reservations within the limits of the State, without the consent of the State.”

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12/06/1853

Letter from Eleazer Brown to the California Superintendency of Indian Affairs, December 6, 1853, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter and notarized contract for the hire of mules, approved by an Indian agent.

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12/10/1853

Folder F3753:35, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from George Hamilton to W. Pierce, stating Pierce’s letter received but if a Mr.Lasche was paid for Hamilton’s service it was in error as he, Hamilton, had never lost or sold his discharge or gun receipt. Says he wrote Lasche but no answer, claims fraud somewhere. Written at Mokelumne Hill, December 10, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/10/1853

Folder F3753:643, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Orders relieving Dr. J. Clark as Assistant Surgeon of Fort Humboldt and appointing Dr. Richard Potts. Clark is thanked by post Company Commander for work. Back side is a certification of copy of original orders by Humboldt County clerk, dated May 18, 1863. Written at Fort Humboldt, December 10, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/18/1853

Folder F3753:36, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from George Hamilton to R. Roman, State Treasurer, stating his discharge is valid, that Lasche has no right to draw money from Hamilton’s service, that if Lasche swore it was due him he perjured himself and that Hamilton would get to Benicia when able to discuss matter in person. Written at Mokelumne Hill, December 18, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/21/1853

“The Indian Tribes of the Tulare Valley.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 21, 1853: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/22/1853

Folder F3753:45, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavits of J.P. Fyffe as to his service in 2nd El Dorado Expedition under Major Rogers and his furnishing- of two horses and forage for expedition. Also his power of attorney to A. McMeans to collect for him. Attached letter from J. Ralston to McMeans tells of past efforts to collect for a Phyper who may have been confused with Fyffe – confused. Written in Brown County, Ohio, December 22, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/26/1853

Folder F3753:214, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.P. Goodall to H.H. McMeans, Clerk of War Board forwarding papers of G.G. Holmes and his own for payment for service in Captain Wright’s California Mounted Volunteers. Written in Yreka, December 26, 1853.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/29/1853

“Grand Fiesta at the Tejon.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 29, 1853: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/31/1853

“Summary Events of the Fortnight.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 31, 1853: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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