Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

 

 

 

 

January

 

 

 

1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to Geo. W. Manypenny, December 18, 1851 [1854], in Message of the President Communicating a report from the Secretary of the Interior, relative to the colonization of the California Indians, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 41, pp. 3-4 (752).

 

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01/05/1854

“Indian Affairs in the North.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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01/18/1854

“Five Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 18, 1854: p. 3, col. 2.

Burnt Ranch, Trinity River

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01/23/1854

“More Trouble Among the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 23, 1854: p. 3, col. 2.

 

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01/31/1854

Folder F3753:228, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Klamath County to Governor Bigler asking for arms to protect themselves from Indians. Asks for 10 rifles 20 muskets 1,000 cartridges. Written in Klamath County, January 31, 1854.

 

01/31/1854

Folder F3753:229, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from General Kibbe, Adjutant General, to County Judge, Klamath County informing him of shipment of 10 rifles, 20 muskets, 1000 rifle cartridges as requested for issue to use against Indians. Tells Judge he is responsible for arms and their safe return when not needed any longer. Written in Benicia, January 31, 1854.

 

 

 

February

 

 

02/02/1854

“Yreka News.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 7.

 

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02/08/1854

E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny, February 8, 1854, document no. 98 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 506-508 (746).

Letter from Beale reporting on the improved condition of the Tejon Military Reserve.

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02/20/1854

Folder F3753:230, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

List of names of volunteer company organized at Pittsburgh, Shasta County, under Captain Johnson’s command. Written at Pittsburgh, Shasta County, February 20, 1854.

 

n.d.

Folder F3753: 231, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition to Governor Bigler asking protection from Indians. Communications between Crescent City and mines cut off. Have 40 volunteers, not enough. Written in Klamath County, no date.

 

 

 

March

 

 

03/08/1854

Folder F3753:232, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affadavit sworn by four men before County Judge that Indians are stealing and attacking homes, trying to burn. Written in Klamath County, March 8, 1854.

 

03/11/1854

“23 Indians Killed.” Weekly Butte Record, March 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 5.

 

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03/18/1854

“War Claims.” Weekly Mountain Democrat, March 18, 1854: p. 4, col. 2.

 

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03/23/1854

Folder F3753: 774, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Doctor James T. Lowry to Doctor W.D. Aylett, State Legislature, conveying affadavit of C.M. McDermit, former Captain, Mounted Volunteers in Siskiyou County, attesting to Lowry’s service with Mounted Volunteers. Also power of attorney for Aylett to collect and cash in bonds paid for service. Written in Yreka, March 23, 1854.

 

03/30/1854

“Condition of California Indians.” Grass Valley Telegraph, March 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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03/31/1854

Folder F3753: 773, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.H. Paulmelum to Company McMeans asking if war claims were sent in have been honored. If so, send him bonds or money. Written in Coloma, March 31, 1854.

 

 

 

April

 

 

04/13/1854

Folder F3753: 233, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from John A. Dreibelbis to Governor Bigler complaining that Indians killed 11 Chinese, 2 white miners on McCloud River on February 3, 1854. Local volunteers formed Company when refused aid by Colonel Wright, Company Commander Fort Reading (sic), found an encampment, killed 21 Indians, found more, killed seven. Indians raided cattle ranches, pursued again, 17 more killed. Now reporting to Governor late because didn’t know needed to. Wants State to pay volunteers for services. Written at Pitt River, April 13, 1854.

 

04/20/1854

“Indian Fight.” Grass Valley Telegraph, April 20, 1854: p. 4, col. 1.

 

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04/27/1854

Klamath Mounted Rangers Item No.: B3415-1, Military Unit Designation: 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Klamath Mounted Rangers

 

 

 

May

 

05/13/1854

Sacramento Union, October 30, 1855, p. 2. col. 2, gave date of formation as 07/11/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 7, File 4
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 54-55.

Coast Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

Per Sacramento Union 10/30/1855, formed with enrollment of 38 men.

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05/13/1854

California State Archive Item No.: B3409-3, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Coast Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

 

05/18/1854

“Indians In The North.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 18, 1854: p. 4, col. 1.

 

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05/18/1854

“Indian Races.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 18, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/24/1854

“Indian Fight.” Nevada Democrat, May 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/24/1854

“A War Party.” Nevada Democrat, May 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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05/25/1854

“We have been waited on by Captain Weimar…” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/25/1854

“Indian War.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/25/1854

“Indian Festival.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 1, col. 2.

 

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June

 

 

06/05/1854

Sacramento Union, October 30, 1855, p. 2. col. 2
Sacramento Union, January 19, 1855, p. 2. col. 1

AG Dead Office File Row 3, File 3
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 56-58.

Klamath Mounted Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

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06/05/1854

Folder F3753: 215, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavits of George Holmes as to his service in Captain Wright’s California Mounted Volunteers and that he furnished a horse. Also assignment of power of attorney to J.P. Goodall to collect whatever is due Holmes and forward same. Written in Jackson County, Oregon Territory, June 5, 1854.

 

06/07/1854

“Fandango.” Nevada Democrat, June 7, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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July

 

 

07/01/1854

Folder F3753:217, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of Attorney from firm of Waterman and Tolin to Alfred Waterman as their agent to collect attached bill for $517.00 for rental of mules and horses for 93 days by Captain Wright’s and Captain McDermett’s Ranger Companies in fall of 1852. Written in Yreka, July 1, 1854.

 

07/01/1854

“Murdered by Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, July 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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07/06/1854

“It is reported that Lieut. E.F. Beall (sic), Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California, has been removed…” Grass Valley Telegraph, July 6, 1854: p. 2, col. 5-6.

 

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07/08/1854

“The party who went in pursuit of the Indians who murdered Mr. Person, returned to this place on Sunday last.” Weekly Butte Record, July 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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07/20/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 5, File 2
Adjutant General Report, 1850-1863, p. 53, 172-173

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 59.

Trinity Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

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07/20/1854

Trinity Guard. Item No.: B3412-3, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Trinity Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

 

 

 

August

 

 

08/01/1854

W. Mechlin, “John C. Fremont, late lieutenant Colonel mounted rifles, in account with the United States,” August 1, 1854, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, p. 6 (825).

 

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08/09/1854

“Indian Fight.” Nevada Democrat, August 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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08/17/1854

“Indian Agent.” Grass Valley Telegraph, August 17, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

Vincent E. Geiger appointed Indian Sub Agent for Northern California.

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08/19/1854

“Another Indian Reservation.” The Union Democrat-Sonora, August 19, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

Vincent Geiger, formerly of the State Journal will be in charge of an Indian Reservation.

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08/23/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Nevada Democrat, August 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

Vincent Geiger, formerly of the State Journal will be in charge of an Indian Reservation.

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08/28/1854

Thos. J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, August 28, 1854, document no. 99 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 508-513 (746).

Discusses precedent for subsistence labor on Tejon Reservation and the removal of tribes to the Tejon Reservation.

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08/29/1854

Thos. J. Henley to Geo. W. Manypenny, August 29, 1854, document no. 100 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 513-515 (746).

Letter from Henley regarding article on Tejon Reservation, the Indians’ disappointment at failure to ratify treaties, and conditions on reservation.

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September

 

09/00/1854

J. Ross Browne Letter on the Conditions of the Indian Reservations in California, 1857 Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 35:952-65

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 58, fn 7.

No copy of document; citation only.

Nome Lackee Reservation established by Henley.

 

09/04/1854

Ford to Henley, September 4, 1854, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:367.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 44.

No copy of document; citation only.

Henley sent Captain H.L. Ford to find location for reservation: “Near the place marked lower forks we met part of the Nome Lace tribe about 50 in number…We learned that their tribe now was reduced to less than 300…They also stated that a party of Mexicans had been for the last six months roving through their country and whenever their women and children ventured out to gather seeds they attacked them and carried off their young women and children…”

 

09/21/1854

Folder F3753:216, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter to S. Bell, State Comptroller from James P. Goodall saying he had sent powers of attorney to former Comptroller Pierce, and McMeans and was now sending one with Assemblyman C.J. Curtis to collect warrants due a G.G. Holmes for 15 days service with Captain Wright’s Company on Indian Expedition in 1851. Wants money from someone. Written in Yreka, September 21, 1854.

 

09/23/1854

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

First Humboldt Times entry in California State Library microfilm – illegible

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09/23/1854

“Indian Murder.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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09/23/1854

“Mattole River and Valley.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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09/30/1854

“The Murderer of Mr. Wigmore Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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09/30/1854

“Personal — Vincent E. Geiger, Esq., Indian Agent for Northern California, paid us a visit on Monday last.” Weekly Butte Record, September 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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October

 

 

10/02/1854

“Abducting Indian Children,” Alta California, p. 2, col. 1.

Slavery

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10/02/1854

“Indian Affairs.” Alta California, October 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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10/02/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 4, File 8
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library, (Sacramento, 1940), 61-65.

Sierra Guard, First Division, First Brigade, Downieville, Sierra County

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10/02/1854

Sierra Guards. Item No.: B3413-1,1st Brigade, 1st Division

Sierra Guard, First Division, First Brigade, Downieville, Sierra County

 

10/02/1854

“Indian Council.” Alta California, October 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 6.

 

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10/04/1854

“Grand Indian Council.” Nevada Democrat, October 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 1-2.

Meeting with Tribal Leaders, U.S. Senators, Superintendent of Indian Affairs at Storm’s Ranch re: removing Indians to reservation.

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10/05/1854

“Maj. Gen. Wool and Col. John B. Weller…” Sacramento Daily Union, October 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/07/1854

“Grand Indian Council in Nevada.” Alta California, October 7, 1854: p. 1, col. 5.

 

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10/09/1854

Peters to Henley, October 9, 1854, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:398-99.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 45, fn 53.

No copy of document; citation only.

J. Montgomery Peters, Judge of 8th Judicial District Court for Northern District (Uniontown/Arcata), wrote to Henley about Indians on main highways leading from Triniday and Klamath County….

 

10/14/1854

“Lynch Law.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/14/1854

“Two More of the Murderers of Wigmore Captured.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/14/1854

“A Vigilance Committee.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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10/15/1854

Henley to Manypenny, September 26, 1854, October 15, 1854 Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:392.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 45, fn 51.
No copy of document; citation only.

Henley visits location for Nome Lackee reservation; “I have sent for a tribe of Indians numbering about 200 reaching about 70 miles east of the Reserve at the foothills of the Sierra-Nevada Mountains.”

 

10/19/1854

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 45, fn 52.
No copy of document; citation only.

Henley appoints special agents: Capt. William McQueen and Major William McDaniel as visiting agents “for the country north of San Francisco Bay; D.M. Moony special agent for Trinity County where Indians were destitute and “were to be invited to the reservation in the fall.”

 

10/28/54

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/28/1854

“The Murderers of Wigmore.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/28/1854

Folder F3753:218 , Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavit, of David H. Lowry as to accuracy of bill for $246.35 for cash advanced and supplies furnished Captain Wright’s Rangers in September, October, and November of 1852 on Indian Expeditions. Also power of attorney authorizing Wells Fargo and Company as its agent to act for him in collection from California. Written in Siskiyou County, October 28, 1854.

 

 

 

November

 

 

11/08/1854

“From Colusa – The Indian Reservation.” Alta California, November 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/11/1854

“Indians — Letter from G.W. Taggart, Esq.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 11, 1854: p. 1, col. 4

 

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11/11/1854

“The Indian Reservation in Colusi connty (sic)…” Weekly Butte Record, November 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 7.

 

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11/12/1854

“The Reservation.” Alta California, November 12, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/14/1854

Folder F3753:219, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from M. Scott to Dr. McMeans, State Treasurer, stating J.R. Reynolds service claim for 34 days in Company C, 1st Battalion, California Volunteers, Captain Dukman, Company Commander. Letter from Witherill states interest and principal is $71.50 and $170.00 respectively. Authorized Wells Fargo to collect it. Also attached, Reynolds discharge and power of attorney by Reynolds making Witherill his agent. Written in San Francisco, November 14, 1854.

 

11/18/1854

Henry R. Schoolcraft, “Report of Henry R. Schoolcraft, on the state of Indian statistics,” November 18, 1854, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a report made by R. H. Schoolcraft, on the state of Indian statistics, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 6, Doc. 13, pp. 2-11 (751).

Covers California Indian population on pp. 7-8.

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11/25/1854

Geo. W. Manypenny, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 25 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 211-233 (746).

Relevant California affairs discussed on pp. 223 – 224.

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11/29/1854

“Indian Trouble.” Nevada Democrat, November 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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December

 

 

12/04/1854

R. McClelland, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, December 4, 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 29-42 (746).

Discusses colonization of California Indians on pg. 42.

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12/04/1854

Jefferson Davis, Report of the Secretary of War, December 4, 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 1, pp. 3-27 (747).

Relevant California information on pages 6, regarding Department of the Pacific and need for militia to repel Indians; and page 24, discussing survey of lands between Los Angeles and San Francisco for military and rail roads.

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12/08/1854

Henley to Manypenny, December 8, 1854; January 15, 1855, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 34:189, 284.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 46, fn 58.
No copy of document; citation only.

Special Agent Mooney of Trinity County reports Indians furnished with beef to keep from starving because of failure of salmon to get above the miners’ flumes at Scott’s Bar and that “the warriors of the Shasta tribe are almost all exterminated leaving a large number of women and children.” Mooney brought 200 Indians from Trinity County to Nome Lackee.

 

12/08/1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to G.W. Manypenny, December 8, 1854, in Message of the President Communicating Papers from the Secretary of the Interior relative to the removal of Indians from California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 36, p. 2 (752).

Letter from Henley discussing spending limits for California Superintendent of Indian Affairs.

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12/16/1854

“The Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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12/16/1854

“The Indian Reservation North.” The Union Democrat-Sonora, December 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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12/16/1854

“Northern Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, December 16, 1854: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/18/1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to Geo. W. Manypenny, December 18, 1851 [1854], in “Message of the President Communicating a report from the Secretary of the Interior, relative to the colonization of the California Indians,” Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 41, pp. 3-4 (752).

Estimate for two additional California reservations. Internal document regarding expenses with date of 1851 may be incorrect. Document refers to fiscal year ending in 1855.

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12/27/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 3, File 7
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library, (Sacramento, 1940), 66-67.

Goodyear’s Rifles or Goodyear’s Bar Rifles, Fourth Division, Second Brigade, Goodyear’s Bar, Sierra County

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12/27/1854

Goodyear’s Rifles (Goodyear’s Bar Rifles). Item No.: B3414-2, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division

 

 

12/29/1854

Folder F3753:220, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of attorney assigned E.J. Curtis by Waterman and Tolin to collect all money due them for transportation or materials furnished Captain Wright’s Mounted Rangers in fall of 1852. Written in Yreka, December 29, 1854.

 

1854

Folder F3753:782, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Paper cites series of acts of Congress appropriating money to repay various states for expenditures during Indian wars and use of state militia. California was granted $924,259.65 on August 5, 1854 for her debts incurred prior to January 1, 1854. A notation, evidently by a lawyer, states no money shall be paid out of National Treasury on account of such expenses, unless money actually spent by states. Location and date written unknown.

 

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