Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

 

 

 

 

January

 

 

 

1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to Geo. W. Manypenny, December 18, 1851 [1854], in Message of the President Communicating a report from the Secretary of the Interior, relative to the colonization of the California Indians, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 41, pp. 3-4 (752).

 

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01/05/1854

“Indian Affairs in the North.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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01/06/1854

“Governor’s Message.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 6, 1854: p. 1, col. 6., p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Governor Bigler asserts that the federal government should pay for the claims submitted to the State of California for hunting and killing Indians, but pledges full payment of principal and interest of the “war” debt:

“…the debt contracted for Indian expeditions, amounting in the aggregate to $924,259.65, should be regarded as an apparent rather than actual indebtedness, one which Congress is bound, sooner or later, to assume – the General Government having failed to extend to our people the protection guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States…No provision has, it is true, been made for the payment [o]f the accruing interest on the war debt, but the State, by solemn acts of legislation, stands pledged for the payment of the whole amount, principal and interest.”

The Governor states his opinion regarding Indian policy in California, confirming the Legislature advocated for rejection of the California treaties and Indian reservations in 1852:

“The Legislature of 1852, it will be remembered, protested against the policy of locating the Indians within the State upon reservations of land set apart for that purpose; and that the several treaties made by the Indian Commissioners in the years 1851 and 1852, in each of which, it is believed, provision was made for a reservation of land, were all unanimously rejected by the United States Senate.”

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01/10/1854

“Intelligence from the Tejon.” Daily Alta California, January 10, 1854: p.1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Lieut. Beale, Four Creek, Tejon

Describes activities on Indian reservation.

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01/10/1854

“Lo the Poor Indian!” Sacramento Daily Union, January 10, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Lieut. Beale, Tejon Indian Reservation

700 Indians located on the reservation 80 miles from any white settlements.

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01/11/1854

“Trouble with the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 11, 1854: p. 3, col 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sierra Valley; Chapman’s Ranch; E. W. Haskell

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01/14/1854

“Agency for Claims against the Government of the United States.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 14, 1854: p. 4, col 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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01/18/1854

“Five Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 18, 1854: p. 3, col. 2.

Burnt Ranch, Trinity River

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01/18/1854

“Indian Troubles at Red Bluffs.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 18, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Red Bluffs; Rand

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01/19/1854

“From Klamath – Business at Humboldt – Fight with the Indians.” Daily Alta California, January 19, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Smith’s River

Because an Indian purportedly had stolen a white man’s clothes:

“the whites immediately formed a small party and attacked the Indians in that vicinity, and killed eight of them. The courier came in for the purpose of getting more men to go out and give the Indians a lesson that would serve them as an example for the future.”

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01/21/1854

“Later News from the Indian Reservation – Arrival of Captain Howard.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 21, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Describes the reservation, including 2,300 Indians from the Sierra Nevada currently residing there.

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01/23/1854

“More Trouble Among the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 23, 1854: p. 3, col. 2.

 

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01/23/1854

“Later News from the Indian Reservation – Arrival of Capt. Howard.” Daily Alta California, January 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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01/24/1854

“Indian Disturbance.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 24, 1854:p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Klamath

A party of 30 citizens went out to recover purported stolen property, four whites were killed: Hiram Hulin, John Clark,____ Mailen, John Hadfield, and William Newell. Capt. H.M. Judah commander of Fort Jones left with a company, along with Capt. S.F. Sorrel, First Lieut. J.C. Bonneycastle, Second Lieut. W.G. Crook all of the Fourth Infantry “for the scene of difficulties.”

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01/29/1854

Folder F3753:68, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Two accounts signed by A. W. Bee, Commissary and Quarter Master, 2nd Battalion, California Volunteers, Major Rogers, Company Commander to Smith and Johnson for meals and supplies ($157.05). Attached letter, dated January 29, 1854 from A. W. Bee to Smith certifying accounts and suggesting he contact member of state legislature to get money. Attached letter from G. D. Hall, Assemblyman, asks payment be made as justified. Expressed reluctance to pay off. Written May 31 and June 1, 1851.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

01/31/1854

“Military.” Sacramento Daily Union, January 31, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Capt. H.W. Theall organized a military company called the Sonora Greys comprised of 75 men.

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01/31/1854

Folder F3753:228, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Klamath County to Governor Bigler asking for arms to protect themselves from Indians. Asks for 10 rifles 20 muskets 1,000 cartridges. Written in Klamath County, January 31, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

01/31/1854

Folder F3753:229, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from General Kibbe, Adjutant General, to County Judge, Klamath County informing him of shipment of 10 rifles, 20 muskets, 1000 rifle cartridges as requested for issue to use against Indians. Tells Judge he is responsible for arms and their safe return when not needed any longer. Written in Benicia, January 31, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

February

 

 

02/02/1854

“Yreka News.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 7.

 

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02/08/1854

“New Military Company.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

New military company organized in Santa Barbara called Santa Barbara Mounted Riflemen comprised of 86 members.

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02/08/1854

E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny, February 8, 1854, document no. 98 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 506-508 (746).

Letter from Beale reporting on the improved condition of the Tejon Military Reserve.

PDF

02/08/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to the G.W. Manypenny, February 8, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Report on farming operation in the Indian reserve and conditions of the Indians to Benton. One wheat field of 2000 acres covered and completed. Currently plating 500 acres of barley. Beale describes the Indian laborers as hard working. Beale claims that the Indians are happy and proposes giving responsibilities to Indian Chiefs to oversee their tribal members in their work.

PDF

02/08/1854

Folder F3753:171, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A statement by H. W. Wright that he was 1st Lieutenant and Quarter Master under General Morehead on Gila Expedition from June 10 until August 26 and up to September 20 was Quarter Master and Commissary to Commander. He assigns his rights to T. B. Sanford. Sanford writes letter to State Treasurer asking him to pay an A. H. Clark claim for him. Written in Los Angeles, February 8, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

02/13/1854

“Horrible Massacre by Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

McCloud’s River; Pittsburgh; Guild, Ingalls, and 13 Chinese killed by Indians

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02/14/1854

“Horrible Tragedy – Two White Men and Thirteen Chinamen Murdered by the Indians in Shasta County.” Daily Alta California, February 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

McCloud River; Pittsburgh; Guild; Ingalls

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02/14/1854

“Indian Difficulties in the North.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Cottonwood; Rogue River Valley; Shasta Indians , Capt. Smith, U.S. Army of Fort Lane; Capt. Judah of Fort Jones

Capt. Geiger commanded the citizen volunteers.

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02/14/1854

“Correspondence of the Union.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 14, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mr. Dye; Red Bluffs

“A party of about twenty white men start for Red Bluffs tomorrow in search of their [Indians] campground, which is in the foot hills, about twenty miles…You will probably hear of bloody work.”

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02/14/1854

Folder F3753:172, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Sworn statement by John McDougal to the effect that he had requested Colonel Hays to form two companies to go to the aid of San Diego from San Francisco and that the men had equipped themselves. Agrees should be paid for expenses and time. Written in San Francisco, February 14, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

02/15/1854

“Four Indians Hung and One Shot.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 15, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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02/18/1854

“Protection to the Indians.” Los Angeles Star, February 18, 1854: p. 1, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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02/20/1854

Folder F3753:230, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

List of names of volunteer company organized at Pittsburgh, Shasta County, under Captain Johnson’s command. Written at Pittsburgh, Shasta County, February 20, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

n.d.

Folder F3753: 231, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition to Governor Bigler asking protection from Indians. Communications between Crescent City and mines cut off. Have 40 volunteers, not enough. Written in Klamath County, no date.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

02/22/1854

Letter from P. Edward Connor to Janus W. Segfield, February 22, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Arrived 8 days from San Francisco. Met Beale at Los Angeles on his way to Colorado. Reports seeing no less than twenty five hundred acres of land sowed with wheat with six miles of irrigation. Estimates twenty five hundred Indians on the reservation. Produce cultivated, Corn, barley, wheat, potatoes, tropical fruits adapted to North American climate like Oranges, peaches, apples, apricots, pears, pomegranates. Compliments Beale’s plan for the tribes. Predicts there will be enough crops to supply the Indians south of the Sacramento River.

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02/22/1854

“Correspondence of the Union.” Sacramento Daily Union, February 22, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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02/27/1854

“Four Indians Hung and One Shot.” Daily Alta California, February 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

02/28/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to the G.W. Manypenny, February 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Acknowledges the contents of the letter from a previous correspondence. Beale believes that contractors should not be held accountable for unauthorized drafts made by previous agents.

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March

 

 

03/01/1854

“Indian Fight – Four Indians Killed…” Sacramento Daily Union, March 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Berryas Valley

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03/02/1854

“Nine Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Berryas Valley

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03/03/1854

“Nine Indians Killed.” Daily Alta California, March 3, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/04/1854

“Indian Festival.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

03/04/1854

Folder F3753:114, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A demand note from H. Guptill for services during Mariposa War 1850-51 in Major Savage’s Battalion. Asks Honorable John Musser to get it settled for him (legal?) Written in Weaverville, March 4, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/08/1854

“Twenty-two Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Pitt River; McCloud River

Capt. Johnson and company of forty settlers killed 22 Indians.

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03/08/1854

Folder F3753:232, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavit sworn by four men before County Judge that Indians are stealing and attacking homes, trying to burn. Written in Klamath County, March 8, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/09/1854

“Twenty-two Indians Killed.” Daily Alta California, March 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/10/1854

“More Rangers.” Daily Alta California, March 10, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/11/1854

“23 Indians Killed.” Weekly Butte Record, March 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 5.

 

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03/11/1854

“More Rangers.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/14/1854

“Another Indian Fight – Twenty One Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 14, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Tom’s and Stony Creeks; Colusi County; Hedspeath; Swift

“Hedspeath and Swift headed a party of twelve men into the mountains for the purpose of punishing the tribe…after a sharp fight [they] succeeded in killing twenty one, three of them squaws. They took twenty men and children prisoners, and brought them to the settlements.”

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03/15/1854

“Another Indian Fight – Twenty One Indians Killed.” Daily Alta California, March 15, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/15/1854

“Trouble Among the Indians.” Daily Alta California, March 15, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Digueno Indians; Superintendent Beale

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03/16/1854

“Trouble Among the Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/16/1854

“Summary for the Fortnight ending March 16, 1854.” Daily Alta California, March 16, 1854: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Yolo County; Clover Creek; Cottonwood; Four Creeks; Tejon Reserve

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03/18/1854

“War Claims.” Weekly Mountain Democrat, March 18, 1854: p. 4, col. 2.

 

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03/21/1854

Folder F3753:170, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of attorney executed by Albert Packard making G. S. Cohen his agent to collect all the Morhead and Bean scrip for $6,00.00 for him. Written in San Francisco, March 21, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/22/1854

“Legislative Proceedings – Indians.” Daily Alta California, March 22, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/22/1854

“A Man of Peace.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 22, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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03/22/1854

“California Legislature.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 22, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Proposed joint resolution to remove Indians to outside of California.

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03/23/1854

Letter from [J. Brent?] to Robert McClelland, March 23, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

 

PDF

03/23/1854

“Rumored Murder of Capt. Howard.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Capt. Wm Howard

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03/23/1854

Folder F3753: 774, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Doctor James T. Lowry to Doctor W.D. Aylett, State Legislature, conveying affadavit of C.M. McDermit, former Captain, Mounted Volunteers in Siskiyou County, attesting to Lowry’s service with Mounted Volunteers. Also power of attorney for Aylett to collect and cash in bonds paid for service. Written in Yreka, March 23, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

03/28/1854

“Indian Depredations.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Thos. J. Flynn; McCloud and Pitt River Indians purportedly stole horses and mules; a company of 40 men assembled “for the purpose of severely chastising the thieves.”

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03/29/1854

“Indian Fight at Yreka.” Sacramento Daily Union, March 29, 1854: p. 3, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Yreka Pass; Col. W. Willer; Fort Brown near Shasta; Sargent Downey; Lieut. Douglass; Lieut. Sava;

72 officers and men fought with 500 Indians, 70 Indians and 5 privates killed.

PDF

03/30/1854

“Condition of California Indians.” Grass Valley Telegraph, March 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/31/1854

Folder F3753: 773, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.H. Paulmelum to Company McMeans asking if war claims were sent in have been honored. If so, send him bonds or money. Written in Coloma, March 31, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

April

 

 

04/01/1854

“Indian Affairs at the North.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Klamath River; Scott Valley; Lieut. Bonnycastle, U.S.A. from Fort Jones; A.M. Rosborough, Indian Agent; E. Steel

Since January, the Indians requested three times to meet with the Indian Agent to discuss a peaceful solution and move to Fort Jones for protection and find a permanent location to live.

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04/04/1854

“The Indians at Klamath.” Daily Alta California, April 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

04/05/1854

“Latest from the Indian Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 5, 1854: p. 3, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Tejon Pass; Capt. P.E. Conner

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04/09/1854

“The petition for appropriation to the Los Angeles Rangers…” Daily Alta California, April 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

04/11/1854

“Indian Fight on McCloud River.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 11, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dribbelbis’ Ferry; Capt. Johnson

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04/12/1854

“Indian Troubles.” Daily Alta California, April 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

In the past three months 63 McCloud Indians and 43 Pitt River Indians killed by miners; most recent occurrence miners surrounded Rancheria and killed everyone except a woman and child they captured and a man who escaped.

PDF

04/13/1854

Folder F3753: 233, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from John A. Dreibelbis to Governor Bigler complaining that Indians killed 11 Chinese, 2 white miners on McCloud River on February 3, 1854. Local volunteers formed Company when refused aid by Colonel Wright, Company Commander Fort Reading (sic), found an encampment, killed 21 Indians, found more, killed seven. Indians raided cattle ranches, pursued again, 17 more killed. Now reporting to Governor late because didn’t know needed to. Wants State to pay volunteers for services. Written at Pitt River, April 13, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

04/15/1854

“Fort Miller.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 15, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Fort Miller; Lieut. Nugent; reports “all Indian matters are quiet.”

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04/18/1854

“Legislative Proceedings – Indian Reservations.” Daily Alta California, April 18, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

04/20/1854

“Indian Fight.” Grass Valley Telegraph, April 20, 1854: p. 4, col. 1.

 

PDF

04/27/1854

Klamath Mounted Rangers. California State Archives Item No.: B3415-1, Military Unit Designation: 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Klamath Mounted Rangers

No copy of document; citation only.

 

04/28/1854

Letter to G. W. Manypenny from [John B. Weller?], April 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Inquiry as to whether the accounts of Wozencraft have been settled.

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04/29/1854

“From Yreka – Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, April 29, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Shasta Valley

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04/29/1854

“Letter From Yreka.” Daily Alta California, April 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Indians are all quiet and I think will remain so if reckless white men will let them alone.”

PDF

04/30/1854

Letter from J. Rutherford Worster to the Secretary of the Interior, April 30, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Requests help with improving the condition of Indians in California. Rutherford opines that their mistreatment led to difficulties in integration.

PDF

 

 

May

 

05/01/1854

“Indians in the North.” Daily Alta California, May 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Shasta Valley; McCloud River; Trinity River

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05/03/1854

Letter from R.B. Ironside to G.W. Manypenny, May 3, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Requests information for professional services rendered to the Shasta Tribe.

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05/04/1854

“Legislative Proceedings – Indian Reservations.” Daily Alta California, May 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Regarding debts contracted by the Indian Commissioners.

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05/05/1854

Letter from Edward F. Beale to the G.W. Manypenny with a letter enclosed from John E. Wool, May 5, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter from Wool explains that he has requested an appropriation of $500,000 from the Secretary of War to carry out Beale’s plans as presented to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

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05/08/1854

Letter from John McDougall to G.W. Manypenny, May 8, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Request for consideration of Dick [J.R. Wooster’s?] opinion.

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05/09/1854

Letter from McClelland to George W. Manypenny with enclosed reports from John E. Wool, G.J. Rains, and A. J. Smith, May 9,1854; March 14 1854; January 29, 1854; January 21, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

An enclosed letter from John E. Wool dictates that G.J. Rains commanded Fort Dallas, Oregon on the subject of Indian relations. He describes instances of lawless, wanton acts of cruelty against the Indians of Northern California. He mentions Agent Culver’s letter from a committee of miners originating from Illinois River dated at January 19th, 1854. The letter describes an attack by miners from Sailor Diggings to exterminate the Indians of Illinois and Deer Creek. A.J. Smith writes further from Fort Lane on February 3, 1854. Nineteen of the miners approached Deer Creeks and attacked a rancheria of 7 [squaws?], 1 boy, 2 children, with the intent to kill. The miners murdered one pregnant woman, two children; wounded three squaws, and one boy. He mentions the successes of Beale’s Indian Reservation near Tejon Pass and recommends a similar experiment in Oregon, especially in Scotts Valley for the Klamath and other Indians. He further recommends sending more recruits to Fort [Sans?] to keep

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05/13/1854

Sacramento Union, October 30, 1855, p. 2. col. 2, gave date of formation as 07/11/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 7, File 4
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 54-55.

Coast Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

Per Sacramento Union 10/30/1855, formed with enrollment of 38 men.

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05/13/1854

Coast Rangers. California State Archives Item No.: B3409-3, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Coast Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

No copy of document; citation only.

 

05/13/1854

Folder F3753:173, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Bill rendered to California by J. C. Morehead, Major, Commanding Gila Expedition, for period August 22 to December 30, 1850 @ $15.00 per day and 3 horses @ $1.00 each for total of $2340. Certified by Morehead. Attached are authorizations for payment -law, Journal of Legislation, muster rolls, Governor Burnett’s instructions. Written in Sacramento, May 13, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

05/13/1854

“Indians in the North.” Daily Alta California, May 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Miller place; Watkins & Briggs; Mr. Colver

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05/15/1854

Letter from [J. Brent?] to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, May 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

 

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05/15/1854

Letters from Redick McKee to G.W. Manypenny, May 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

A letter concerning McKee’s accounts.

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05/15/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to the G.W. Manypenny regarding estimates for the 1855 fiscal year, May 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Estimate begins in the fiscal year of July 1st, 1855.

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05/16/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to the G.W. Manypenny, May 16, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

The letter mentions field notes and maps of the Sebastian Military Reserve and Wool Military Reserve. The maps and/or field notes appear to have been replaced with a Cross Reference Sheet from the National Archives.

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05/18/1854

“Treaties with California and Oregon Indians pending before the U.S. Senate.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 18, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/18/1854

“Indians In The North.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 18, 1854: p. 4, col. 1.

 

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05/18/1854

“Indian Races.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 18, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/20/1854

“Four Indians Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 20, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Trinity River; Mr. Doll’s ranch; Scott Mountain; Clear Creek; Mr. Brush

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05/24/1854

“Indian Fight.” Nevada Democrat, May 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/24/1854

“A War Party.” Nevada Democrat, May 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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05/25/1854

“We have been waited on by Captain Weimar…” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/25/1854

“Indian War.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/25/1854

“Indian Festival.” Grass Valley Telegraph, May 25, 1854: p. 1, col. 2.

 

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05/27/1854

“More Indian Depredations.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Cottonwood; Gates & Clymer; Rosborough; Charles Adams; Lieut. Bonnecastle; Fort Jones; Lieut. Hood

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05/28/1854

Letter from Jefferson Davis to Robert McClelland with enclosed letters from [J.G. Bonnycastle?] to John E. Wool, May 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Jefferson Davis enclosed a report from Bonnycastle, commander of Fort Jones, California. It reports the death of the Rogue River Chief and murder of chief Bill by the Whites. Klamath, Goodall, Rosborough, De Chute Indians. Cottonwood, and the Shastas are mentioned in the account.

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05/29/1854

“Shot.” Sacramento Daily Union, May 29, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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05/29/1854

“From Yreka.” Daily Alta California, May 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Gates & Claymer; Lieut. Bonnecastle

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05/30/1854

“A Packer Shot by an Indian.” Daily Alta California, May 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Miron Scribner; Reading’s Creek

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June

 

 

06/01/1854

“Indian Disturbance.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/03/1854

“Further Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 3, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/04/1854

“Indian Affairs.” Daily Alta California, June 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/05/1854

“The Lower Klamath.” Daily Alta California, June 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/05/1854

Sacramento Union, October 30, 1855, p. 2. col. 2
Sacramento Union, January 19, 1855, p. 2. col. 1

AG Dead Office File Row 3, File 3
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 56-58.

Klamath Mounted Rangers, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

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06/05/1854

Folder F3753: 215, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavits of George Holmes as to his service in Captain Wright’s California Mounted Volunteers and that he furnished a horse. Also assignment of power of attorney to J.P. Goodall to collect whatever is due Holmes and forward same. Written in Jackson County, Oregon Territory, June 5, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

06/06/1854

“The Northern Coast.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 6, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/07/1854

“Fandango.” Nevada Democrat, June 7, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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06/08/1854

“Murder of the Deputy Sheriff of Marin.” Daily Alta California, June 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/10/1854

“Murder.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 10, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/12/1854

Letter from John Wilson to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs with a letter enclosed from John C. Hays, June 12, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Requests information on the reservation’s survey and liquidation of expenses.

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06/14/1854

“Military Companies.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Two companies, called the ‘Klamath Rangers’ and ‘Coast Rangers,’ have been recently organized, mainly with a view to the suppression of Indian hostilities in northern California.”

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06/15/1854

Letter from Oliver M. Wozencraft to George Washington Manypenny, June 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Relates to suspended accounts and salaries due and lists of costs.

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06/19/1854

“Difficulty Near Fort Miller.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 19, 1854: p. 3, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/20/1854

“Indian Dance.” Sacramento Daily Union, June 20, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/20/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to G.W Manypenny, June 20, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Report of the wheat and barley harvest (42,000 bushels of wheat and 10,000 bushels of barley). Beale recommends rewarding the surplus to Native Americans on the reservation. He discourages giving the surplus to Native Americans outside of the reservation. He recommends building a hospital and other houses in the future for Native Americans in the reservation.

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06/20/1854

Folder F3753:115, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Thomas Watson to State Treasurer McMeans stating Watson bought a certificate of service for 15 days in Mariposa War, Major Savage’s Battalion Mounted Volunteers, from one A. Lowenthal, wants to know how to collect. Has affidavit to effect he lost certificate attached – one from Lowenthal that he sold certificate to Watson. Written in San Francisco, June 20, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

06/21/1854

Letter from William A. Wallace to W.K. Sebastian, June 21, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter of inquiry from the editor of the Los Angeles Star about Beale’s operations on the Tejon Indian Reserve.

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06/22/1854

Letter from Jefferson Davis to Robert McClelland, June 22, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Davis enclosed a letter from Wool to Manypenny. Mentions Beale in relation to the military reserves placement at Tejon.

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06/25/1854

“The Indian Reservation at Tejon.” Daily Alta California, June 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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06/27/1854

“Tuesday Morning…Beale.” Daily Alta California, June 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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July

 

 

07/01/1854

“The abstract of an account of the success…Beale.” Steamer Alta California, July 1, 1854: p. 4, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/01/1854

“Santa Barbara Mounted Riflemen.” Steamer Alta California, July 1, 1854: p. 5, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/01/1854

“The Indian Reservation at Tejon.” Steamer Alta California, July 1, 1854: p. 7, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/01/1854

Folder F3753:217, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of Attorney from firm of Waterman and Tolin to Alfred Waterman as their agent to collect attached bill for $517.00 for rental of mules and horses for 93 days by Captain Wright’s and Captain McDermett’s Ranger Companies in fall of 1852. Written in Yreka, July 1, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

07/01/1854

“Murdered by Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, July 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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07/03/1854

“Murdered by Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 3, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/06/1854

“It is reported that Lieut. E.F. Beall (sic), Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California, has been removed…” Grass Valley Telegraph, July 6, 1854: p. 2, col. 5-6.

 

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07/08/1854

“The party who went in pursuit of the Indians who murdered Mr. Person, returned to this place on Sunday last.” Weekly Butte Record, July 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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07/09/1854

“Col. Williams’ Horses.” Daily Alta California, July 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/10/1854

“Letter from Tejon Pass.” Daily Alta California, July 10, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/14/1854

“Kern River – The Tejon Reservation.” Daily Alta California, July 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/15/1854

“Letter from Tejon Pass.” The Alta California – For Circulation in the Atlantic States and Europe, July 15, 1854: p. 7, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/15/1854

“We sincerely trust that the successor of Lieut. Beale…” Steamer Alta California, July 15, 1854: p. 9, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/15/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny, July 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

E.F. Beale acknowledges receiving Manypenny’s letter dating June 2nd, 1854.

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07/15/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny, July 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

The letter explains that Henley’s bond was executed and certified that day, but not in time to be forwarded by mail. The letter was meant to inform the recipient on that in addition to relieving Beale of his duties.

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07/20/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 5, File 2
Adjutant General Report, 1850-1863, p. 53, 172-173

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 59.

Trinity Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

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07/20/1854

Trinity Guard. Item No.: B3412-3, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Trinity Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

 

07/22/1854

“Kern River Humbug; News from Chino” Daily Alta California, July 22, 1854: p. 10, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/24/1854

“News from El Chino.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 24, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/24/1854

“Indian Disturbances.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 24, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/25/1854

“Indian Depredations” Daily Alta California, July 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/26/1854

“Indian Depredations.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/26/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to Robert McClelland, July 26, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter acknowledges receiving a letter from McClelland.

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07/26/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny, July 26, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley announces to Manypenny the beginning of his Superintendency.

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07/27/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny, July 27, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley informs Manypenny that Beale was absent upon the former’s arrival. Henley expresses his decision to wait for Beale until he returns.

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07/28/1854

“Later from Northern California.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/29/1854

“Later from the Tejon Pass.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 29, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/29/1854

“Indian Killed.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 29, 1854: p. 5, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/30/1854

“Later from the Tejon” Daily Alta California, July 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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August

 

 

08/01/1854

“Jail Delivery.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 1, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/01/1854

“Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/01/1854

“Indian Depredations.” Steamer Alta California – For Circulation in the Atlantic States and Europe, August 1, 1854: p. 11, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/01/1854

“Kern River Humbug; News from El Chino.” The Alta California – For Circulation in the Atlantic States and Europe, August 1, 1854: p. 7, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/01/1854

“Later from the Tejon.” The Alta California – For Circulation in the Atlantic States and Europe, August 1, 1854: p. 5, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/01/1854

W. Mechlin, “John C. Fremont, late lieutenant Colonel mounted rifles, in account with the United States,” August 1, 1854, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, p. 6 (825).

 

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08/02/1854

“Fatality Among Indians.” Daily Alta California, August 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/03/1854

“Threatened Indian Difficulties on the Southern Emigrant Trail.” Daily Alta California, August 3, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/05/1854

“Indian Troubles; Indians Leaving the Tejon.” Daily Alta California, August 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/08/1854

“The Indian Agent; Lo! The Poor Indian!” Daily Alta California, August 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/09/1854

“Untrue – The Merced Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 9, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/09/1854

“Rifles.” Daily Alta California, August 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Columbia brought up the rifles intended for the Klamath Rangers, Capt. Wm. J. Terry. They are fine looking pieces and in good order. The company will now, at any moment, be ready to take the field, should the Indians prove troublesome.”

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08/09/1854

“Indian Fight.” Nevada Democrat, August 9, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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08/12/1854

“Indian Troubles; Indians Leaving the Tejon.” Weeky Alta California, August 12, 1854: p. 6, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/13/1854

“Particulars of the Horrid Murders at San Jose.” Daily Alta California, August 13, 1854: p. 3, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/16/1854

“Indian Outrage.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/17/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Daily Alta California, August 17, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/17/1854

“Indian Agent.” Grass Valley Telegraph, August 17, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

Vincent E. Geiger appointed Indian Sub Agent for Northern California.

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08/18/1854

“Henley in His Element.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 18, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1854

“Indian Outrage.” Steamer Alta California, August 19, 1854: p. 8, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Steamer Alta California, August 19, 1854: p. 10, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1854

“Particulars of the Horrid Murder at San Jose.” Steamer Alta California, August 19, 1854: p. 8, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/19/1854

“Another Indian Reservation.” The Union Democrat-Sonora, August 19, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

Vincent Geiger, formerly of the State Journal will be in charge of an Indian Reservation.

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08/21/1854

“We are informed…” Sacramento Daily Union, August 21, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/23/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Nevada Democrat, August 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

Vincent Geiger, formerly of the State Journal will be in charge of an Indian Reservation.

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08/23/1854

“Two or three Indians have lately been shot…” Daily Alta California, August 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/24/1854

“Serious Affray – Indian Battle.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/26/1854

“It is rumored…” Daily Alta California, August 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/26/1854

“It is rumored…” Sacramento Daily Union, August 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/28/1854

Thos. J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, August 28, 1854, document no. 99 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 508-513 (746).

Discusses precedent for subsistence labor on Tejon Reservation and the removal of tribes to the Tejon Reservation.

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08/28/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny, August 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley claims many Indians in the Tejon Reservation speak Spanish due their interaction and employment with Mexicans and Catholic Missions. He describes the dimensions of the mission of San Fernando and its vineyards. He hasn’t provided the Indians with housing yet. He permits the Indian chiefs to execute police authority over their tribes. Mentions oak timber and red wood within 15 miles. He describes taking the emigrant road via King’s River and Tulare River to San Francisco. Henley describes what might be the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. He estimates the number of Kern River Indians within 40 miles of the reservation, the Poso Creek Indians within 10 miles from Kern River, Tulare River Indians, Four Creek Indians. Numerous other tribes listed.

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08/28/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny with an enclosed letter from Thomas J. Henley to General Wool, August 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter enclosed detailing the sale and exchange of food and produce to General Wool.

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08/28/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George W. Manypenny, with an enclosed letter from Walter H. Harvey to Thomas J. Henley, August 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

A letter is enclosed from W.H. Harvey with Henley’s reply. Harvey surveyed a place for a reservation in between the Gila and Colorado Rivers in New Mexico. Since there will be an insufficient amount of water for the season, the Indians won’t be able to cultivate land. If this is the case, then Henley guarantees the prospect of forced migration amidst their poverty to Upper California in addition to war. He recommends relocating the Indians and providing them with beef cattle. Henley replies that due to the lack of funding, Harvey would have to continue surveying the land, but at his own personal expense.

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08/29/1854

“The Indian Fight.” Sacramento Daily Union, August 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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08/29/1854

Thos. J. Henley to Geo. W. Manypenny, August 29, 1854, document no. 100 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 513-515 (746).

Letter from Henley regarding article on Tejon Reservation, the Indians’ disappointment at failure to ratify treaties, and conditions on reservation.

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08/29/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George W. Manypenny, August 29, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley alludes to his predecessor, Beale. Date mentioned, September, 22nd, 1854. Extract mentions a settler named French who settled in the Tejon Valley during the Spring of 1850. In May 1852, Alanzo Ridley and David McKenzie arrived to trade with the Indians. The extract mentions the label of Mission Indians–Native americans who lived under Spanish Mexicans. Mentions Beale first visited the valley in August or September of 1853 for the purpose of selecting a reservation for the Indians. Active operations of the reservation commenced in November after holding a council with the Indians. Twenty Indians from [?] stole eight horses after staying at the reservation for one month. Letter mentions a little boy named Lelo. The number of Indians within the reservation also grew once other tribes became incorporated.

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08/29/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George Washington Manypenny, August 29, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter conveys an urgent demand for a permanent physician at the Reservation due to the spread of venereal diseases and deaths of Indians. Henley expresses the possibility of a disastrous small-pox outbreak.

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08/31/1854

Letter from [L.R. Smart?] to Charles E. Mix, August 31, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Topic of interest is Pierson B. Reading’s appointment and the funding for the transportation of goods in New York to California. Beale is mentioned in the letter.

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September

 

09/00/1854

J. Ross Browne Letter on the Conditions of the Indian Reservations in California, 1857 Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 35:952-65

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 58, fn 7.

No copy of document; citation only.

Nome Lackee Reservation established by Henley.

 

09/01/1854

Letter and invoice from Thomas J. Henley to George W. Manypenny, September 1, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley encloses an invoice of the livestock, crops, and public property of Tejon Valley and the Sebastian Military Reserve from E.F. Beale.

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09/01/1854

“Lynching of an Indian.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/04/1854

Ford to Henley, September 4, 1854, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:367.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 44.

No copy of document; citation only.

Henley sent Captain H.L. Ford to find location for reservation: “Near the place marked lower forks we met part of the Nome Lace tribe about 50 in number…We learned that their tribe now was reduced to less than 300…They also stated that a party of Mexicans had been for the last six months roving through their country and whenever their women and children ventured out to gather seeds they attacked them and carried off their young women and children…”

 

09/05/1854

“News from Tejon and Kern River.” Daily Alta California, September 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/05/1854

“News from Tejon and Kern River.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/12/1854

Letter from Jean Ford to Charles E. Mix, September 12, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Ford requests information on a claim made by his son, Patrick, in February, 1852 concerning property and animals taken from him by Indians in California.

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09/12/1854

Letters (2) from J. Ross Browne to G.W. Mannypenny with an enclosed article, September 12, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Browne reports on the state of Indian Reservations at Tejon and Nome Lackee and expresses satisfaction with the work being done and the living conditions. He recommends the opening of more reservations for “Coast Indians.”

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09/13/1854

“Crescent City – The Indians.” Daily Alta California, September 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/13/1854

“Kidnapping.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“A Mexican named Marcus Vaca was arrested yesterday on a charge of having lately kidnapped several Indian children, which he disposed of in this city [Sacramento].”

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09/13/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, September 13, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley finds the Indians of the Counties of Sacramento, El Dorado, Placer, and Nevada living in miserable and destitute conditions. He recommends a speedy removal, otherwise these tribes risk total annihilation. He departs tomorrow for the Upper Sacramento Valley for the purpose of selection a new Reservation.

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09/14/1854

“Kidnapping.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/14/1854

“Indian Outrages.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 14, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/14/1854

“Indian Outrages.” Daily Alta California, September 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/15/1854

“Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 15, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/15/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny with a letter enclosed from T.J. Henley, September 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley’s letter to Beale accepts a plan “of [subsisting?] the Indians by the proceeds of their own labor” on the Tejon Reservation.”

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09/16/1854

“Contradicted.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 16, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Mariposa correspondent of the San Joaquin Republican pronounces the report of the Indian difficulties on the Merced river unfounded.”

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09/21/1854

“Kidnapping Case at Sacramento; Indian Murders and Hanging.” Los Angeles Star, September 21, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/21/1854

Folder F3753:216, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter to S. Bell, State Comptroller from James P. Goodall saying he had sent powers of attorney to former Comptroller Pierce, and McMeans and was now sending one with Assemblyman C.J. Curtis to collect warrants due a G.G. Holmes for 15 days service with Captain Wright’s Company on Indian Expedition in 1851. Wants money from someone. Written in Yreka, September 21, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

09/23/1854

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

First Humboldt Times entry in California State Library microfilm – illegible

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09/23/1854

“Indian Murder.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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09/23/1854

“Mattole River and Valley.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 23, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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09/25/1854

“Stop! Thief!” Sacramento Daily Union, September 25, 1854: p. 2, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/25/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to R. W. McClelland, September 25, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley discloses that he’s exhausted all of his personal expenses and that his men haven’t been paid since he undertook his position in office as a result of no funding of his duties since he took office as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California.

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09/25/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to , G. W. Manypenny with an enclosed letter from H. L. Ford, September 25, 1854; September 4, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Correspondence mentions receiving a letter from Manypenny dated on August 12th. Ford deems the territory Wool Reservation. [Some locations and reservations are illegible] Henley mentions Mr. [Giger?] went North and received a sickness at [Trinity?]. On August 29th, Henley journeyed with C. Wheeler, [Dr. Cabanifs?], A.J. Winemiller, and George Bascomb, Edward Louis, and [Thomas Craftton?]. They camped on the north side of Elder Creek, opposite of the residence of Robert H. [Thomes?]. On the 30th, they left camp for the coast range, roughly six or eight miles, and then diverged in the south west direction for eight miles. They continued to survey the area further.

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09/26/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, September 26, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley describes the Military Reservation as standing within 100 miles from the coast, [30?] miles East from the Sacramento River, 200 miles from the state line on the North, 150 miles from the summit of the Sierra Nevada, 30 miles West of Tehama City. Notes it as an ideal location to relocate the Indians and claims that they are willing.

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09/26/1854

“Stop! Thief!” Sacramento Daily Union, September 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Stolen from the subscriber on Tuesday afternoon, the 12th inst., eight miles above this city [Sacramento], on the Marysville road, a[n]…Indian lad, about 10 years of age, belonging to the Payute tribe, and who answers to the name of “Dick.” The name of the thief is George F. Hendry, a man about 38 years of age…The thief is an old offender, having served a term of six months in the State Prison. A liberal reward will be paid for the recovery of the boy, or the apprehension of the thief.”

Notice ran in Sacramento Daily Union from September 25 – October 12.

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09/28/1854

Letter from Robert McClelland to Charles E. Mix, September 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Acknowledged receipt of a letter in addition to a listed charge for a special agent’s purchases and service.

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09/29/1854

“A Grand Indian Council.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 29, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/29/1854

“Military and Political – Distinguished Visitors.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/29/1854

“Murder by an Indian.” Sacramento Daily Union, September 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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09/29/1854

Letter from William M. Gwin, James B. Weller, J. W. Denver, M.S. Latham, P.T. Herbert to the Secretary of the Interior, September 29, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter expresses the opinion that the Indians have grown jaded by the broken promises, treaties, and compromises from the agency and may have to be removed by force. The settlers too have lost faith and trust in the competency of the agency.

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09/30/1854

“The Murderer of Mr. Wigmore Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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09/30/1854

“Personal — Vincent E. Geiger, Esq., Indian Agent for Northern California, paid us a visit on Monday last.” Weekly Butte Record, September 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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October

 

 

10/02/1854

“Abducting Indian Children,” Alta California, p. 2, col. 1.

“This practice has become quite common. Nearly all the children belonging to some of the Indian tribes in the northern part of the State, have been stolen. They are taken to the southern part of the State and there sold.”

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10/02/1854

“Indian Affairs.” Alta California, October 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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10/02/1854

“Local Matters in Calaveras.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 2, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/02/1854

“Abduction of Aboriginals.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Miner’s Advocate says that nearly all the children belonging to some of the Indian tribes in the northern part of the State have been stolen. They are taken to Southern California, and there sold.”

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10/02/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 4, File 8
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library, (Sacramento, 1940), 61-65.

Sierra Guard, First Division, First Brigade, Downieville, Sierra County

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10/02/1854

Sierra Guards. Item No.: B3413-1,1st Brigade, 1st Division

Sierra Guard, First Division, First Brigade, Downieville, Sierra County

 

10/02/1854

“Indian Council.” Alta California, October 2, 1854: p. 2, col. 6.

 

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10/03/1854

Letter from Robert McClelland to Charles E. Mix, October 3, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

McClelland returns a letter with a recommendation of a permanent employment of residence for a physician in the Tejon Reservation.

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10/03/1854

Letter from Robert McClelland to Charles E. Mix, October 3, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Acknowledges receiving Mix’s letter relating to the actions of Henley and returns papers that were sent to him.

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10/03/1854

“Indian Council at Storm’s Ranch.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 3, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/04/1854

“Tehama Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 4, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/04/1854

“Mountain Military.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Sierra Guards

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10/04/1854

“Grand Indian Council.” Nevada Democrat, October 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 1-2.

Meeting with Tribal Leaders, U.S. Senators, Superintendent of Indian Affairs at Storm’s Ranch re: removing Indians to reservation.

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10/05/1854

“Maj. Gen. Wool and Col. John B. Weller…” Sacramento Daily Union, October 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/06/1854

“Grand Indian Council in Nevada.” Daily Alta California, October 6, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/07/1854

“Grand Indian Council in Nevada.” Alta California, October 7, 1854: p. 1, col. 5.

 

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10/07/1854

“Abducting Indian Children,” Weekly Alta California, October 7, 1854: p. 4, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/07/1854

“Abducting Indian Children,” Weekly Alta California, October 7, 1854: p. 7, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/07/1854

“Indian Affairs; Indian Council,” Weekly Alta California, October 7, 1854: p. 7, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/09/1854

Peters to Henley, October 9, 1854, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:398-99.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 45, fn 53.

No copy of document; citation only.

J. Montgomery Peters, Judge of 8th Judicial District Court for Northern District (Uniontown/Arcata), wrote to Henley about Indians on main highways leading from Triniday and Klamath County….

 

10/10/1854

Letter from Robert McClelland to Charles E. Mix, October 10, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Acknowledges receiving Mix’s letter and recommends discussing the acquisition of relief for the Indians with Henley.

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10/11/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/11/1854

Letter from W.B. May to Thomas J. Henley, October 11, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

May [State Senator?] expresses concern for the Indians state of health and means of sustenance.

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10/13/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, October 13, 1854; September 29, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Reports meeting Senators Gwin and Weller in regards to Noomelacke [i.e. Nome Lacke] Reservation. Indicates plans to hold council with a number of tribes after his journey to Grass Valley in Nevada County.

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10/13/1854

Letter from Richard P. Hammond to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, October 13, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Hammond acknowledges the receipt of a letter dating to August 24th. Lists insurance rates to Olympia, Columbia Barracks, and Dayton by Steamer.

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10/13/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 13, 1854: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/14/1854

“Grand Pow Wow.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/14/1854

Correspondence between Thomas J. Henley, John B. Weller, William M. Gwin and John McDougall, October 14, 1854, October 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter acknowledges Henley’s urgency for financial assistance amidst the Indians’ poverty. The letter acknowledges that not lending the money would lead to an outbreak of war and mutual slaughter between the Indians and white settlers.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to George W. Manypenny, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Acknowledges receiving a letter dated on August 29th, 1854. Henley has acknowledged and promises the shipment of 135,000 dollars’ worth of Indian goods for Oregon and Washington.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley announces that the recent construction for granary works shops is nearing completion. He plans on cultivating turnips, cabbage, beets, onions, parsnips, and potatoes. As a consequence, the consumption of beef and wheat will decrease. He mentions renting a farm to Capt V. Healler. D.A. Engart has been appointed as a special agent in the vicinity. Fishing as a provision from the San Joaquin is mentioned. He still plans on relocating the Indians to Nevada, but is only willing to do so under their own volition or under extreme circumstances. He mentions that SP. Storms was appointed special agent and speaks the language of Indians and has resided amongst them since 1849.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley asks for instructions as to payment of Mexican settlers’ claims on the reservations. He states that $1.25 per acre would be an unfair compensation. He recommends that $1000 be paid to each settler instead. Handwritten version of MF1323.1197 Reel 33_0404.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley asks for instructions as to payment of Mexican settlers’ claims on the reservations. He states that $1.25 per acre would be an unfair compensation. He recommends that $1000 be paid to each settler instead. Typed version of MF1323.1197 Reel 33_0401.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny with an enclosed letter from J. Montgomery Peters, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Enclosed within is a letter from J. Montgomery Peters. Henley believes that the Indians shouldn’t be fed in their current location and should instead be established on the Klamath River near the coast and plans to visit the location in Spring. Peters mentions The Salmon, the Lower Trinity, and Eel Rivers. He mentions that many of the Indians in his letter are on the main highways leading from Trinidad in Klamath Company from Union town and other areas such as Humboldt County.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny with a survey from special agents McDaniels and McQueen, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Enclosed is a copy of the report by agents McDaniel and McQueen. They inspected the [Barcessa Valley?] on the [Penta Creek?]. They found the [Barcessa?] family in possession of Indian slaves. Many of them originated from tribes driven from the valley and mountains of Stone creek and certain Sonora Mexicans lived amongst them. They proceeded across the [Popes?] Valley and encountered several Indians in the employ of Mr. Pope. From there, they proceeded to Kiota Valley and found on [Mr. Shinling’s?] land 75 Indians. They journeyed to Clear Lake after surveying this section of the land and found there Indians in good health.

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10/14/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny with a report enclosed from agent W.H. Harvey, October 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Includes a report from special Indian agent Maj. W.H. Harvey. They’ve agreed on a salary of $1,500. He reports that the Yuma Indians inhabit the Colorado River, near Fort Yuma. He also mentions the Minacopas and Cokapaws in realtion to the Yuma Indians.

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10/14/1854

“Lynch Law.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/14/1854

“Two More of the Murderers of Wigmore Captured.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/14/1854

“A Vigilance Committee.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 14, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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10/15/1854

Henley to Manypenny, September 26, 1854, October 15, 1854 Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 33:392.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 45, fn 51.
No copy of document; citation only.

Henley visits location for Nome Lackee reservation; “I have sent for a tribe of Indians numbering about 200 reaching about 70 miles east of the Reserve at the foothills of the Sierra-Nevada Mountains.”

 

10/15/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, October 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley appointed D.B. Mooney to special agent for Trinity County. He mentions the Council of the Indians at Storms Ranch. He also describes accounts of Spaniards abducting Indian children and selling them as servants.

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10/15/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, October 15, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Discusses newspaper slips (not enclosed) on the council at Storms Ranch.

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10/16/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G. W. Manypenny, October 16, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley describes meeting with a congressional delegation on the 28th. He requests reimbursement for personal funds that he spent when he took office.

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10/20/1854

Letter inquiring on behalf of E.F. Beale, October 20, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Inquiry into Edward F. Beale’s unsettled financial accounts over the balance in public money before leaving office.

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10/20/1854

“Gen. Wool.” Daily Alta California, October 20, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/22/1854

“For the Tejon Pass.” Daily Alta California, October 22, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/23/1854

“Indian Superintendent.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 23, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/24/1854

“From the Tejon.” Daily Alta California, October 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/26/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, October 26, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley announces his time of arrival in Los Angeles, and departure for Tejon reservation with J. Ross Browne.

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10/26/1854

“From the Tejon.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/26/1854

“King Weimar.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/27/1854

“Indian Reservation.” Daily Alta California, October 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/28/1854

“From the Tejon.” Weekly Alta California, October 28, 1854: p.6, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/28/54

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/28/1854

“The Murderers of Wigmore.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 28, 1854: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/28/1854

Letter from John Ferguson to the Secretary of the Interior, October 28, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Requests to have name withdrawn as surety of Col. Thos. J. Henley.

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10/28/1854

Folder F3753:218 , Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affidavit, of David H. Lowry as to accuracy of bill for $246.35 for cash advanced and supplies furnished Captain Wright’s Rangers in September, October, and November of 1852 on Indian Expeditions. Also power of attorney authorizing Wells Fargo and Company as its agent to act for him in collection from California. Written in Siskiyou County, October 28, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/30/1854

“Indian Agency.” Sacramento Daily Union, October 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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10/31/1854

Letter from Robert McClelland to George W. Manypenny, October 31, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Replies to the request of money for relocation and relief of the Indians with some financial restrictions.

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November

 

 

11/03/1854

Letter to G. Manypenny, November 3, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

He states that money will be placed in the hands of Jacob R. Snyder and advanced to Henley.

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11/08/1854

“From Colusa – The Indian Reservation.” Alta California, November 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/10/1854

“Pitt River Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 10, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/11/1854

“The Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/11/1854

“Indians — Letter from G.W. Taggart, Esq.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 11, 1854: p. 1, col. 4

 

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11/11/1854

“The Indian Reservation in Colusi connty (sic)…” Weekly Butte Record, November 11, 1854: p. 2, col. 7.

 

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11/12/1854

“The Reservation.” Alta California, November 12, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/13/1854

“Latest from Siskiyou.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/13/1854

“Murder by the Indians Near Crescent City.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 13, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/14/1854

Folder F3753:219, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from M. Scott to Dr. McMeans, State Treasurer, stating J.R. Reynolds service claim for 34 days in Company C, 1st Battalion, California Volunteers, Captain Dukman, Company Commander. Letter from Witherill states interest and principal is $71.50 and $170.00 respectively. Authorized Wells Fargo to collect it. Also attached, Reynolds discharge and power of attorney by Reynolds making Witherill his agent. Written in San Francisco, November 14, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/15/1854

“The New Indian Colony.” Daily Alta California, November 15, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/15/1854

“Passengers.” Daily Alta California, November 15, 1854: p. 2, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/16/1854

“The Indian Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/17/1854

“Tejon Military Reservation.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 17, 1854: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/18/1854

“The New Indian Colony.” Weekly Alta California, November 18, 1854: p. 8, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/18/1854

“The Reservation.” Weekly Alta California, November 18, 1854: p. 11, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/18/1854

Henry R. Schoolcraft, “Report of Henry R. Schoolcraft, on the state of Indian statistics,” November 18, 1854, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a report made by R. H. Schoolcraft, on the state of Indian statistics, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 6, Doc. 13, pp. 2-11 (751).

Covers California Indian population on pp. 7-8.

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11/21/1854

Letter from George Gibson to Jefferson Davis, November 21, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

States the value of army rations in California.

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11/22/1854

“Colonel Henley…” Sacramento Daily Union, November 22, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/22/1854

Letter to Jefferson Davis, November 22, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Reply to a query asking for allowances at several posts in California. The letter itself lists the amount of wood for fuel for each office allotted between the dates of October 1st to April 30th each year. The letter further lists the articles of furniture for each office.

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11/22/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, November 22, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter acknowledges receiving Manypenny’s inquiry regarding the accounts of Agent B.D. Wilson and Beale.

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11/22/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, November 22, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Enclosed report of special agent Wheeler in relation to the visit and collection of Indians for the Noome Lacke [i.e. Nome Lackee] reservation. Mentions the location of Salt Creek, Black Buttes, Paynet, and Battle Creek.

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11/23/1854

Letter from Thomas J. Henley to G.W. Manypenny, November 23, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Henley will leave this evening with J. Ross Browne for Noome Lacke [i.e. Nome Lackee] Reservation.

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11/24/1854

“Execution of Munroe for Murder – Public Confession.” Daily Alta California, November 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/24/1854

Letter from Jefferson Davis to George W. Manypenny, November 24, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Gives the value of army rations, quantity of materials, and a list of allowances for officers in the state.

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11/25/1854

Geo. W. Manypenny, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 25 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 211-233 (746).

Relevant California affairs discussed on pp. 223 – 224.

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11/27/1854

“Indian Difficulties.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/29/1854

“Execution of Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/29/1854

Letter from James Maguire to George W. Manypenny, November 24, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Statement of prices of certain articles in California.

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11/29/1854

“Indian Trouble.” Nevada Democrat, November 29, 1854: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/30/1854

“Later from Northern California.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 30, 1854: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/30/1854

“Rumored Murder of Storms and King Weimar.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/30/1854

“Discharged.” Daily Alta California, November 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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11/30/1854

“Indian Troubles Again.” Daily Alta California, November 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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December

 

 

12/01/1854

“Discharged.” Weekly Alta California, December 1, 1854: p. 5, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/01/1854

“Our Agricultural Resources – Crescent City Plains.” Sacramento Daily Union, November 30, 1854: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/01/1854

“Rumored Murder of Storms and King Weimar.” Daily Alta California, December 1, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/01/1854

“Indian Troubles Again.” Weekly Alta California, December 1, 1854: p. 9, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/04/1854

“Northern Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/04/1854

“Tejon.” Daily Alta California, December 4, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/04/1854

R. McClelland, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, December 4, 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 29-42 (746).

Discusses colonization of California Indians on pg. 42.

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12/04/1854

Jefferson Davis, Report of the Secretary of War, December 4, 1854, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 1, pp. 3-27 (747).

Relevant California information on pages 6, regarding Department of the Pacific and need for militia to repel Indians; and page 24, discussing survey of lands between Los Angeles and San Francisco for military and rail roads.

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12/05/1854

“Contradicted.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 5, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/06/1854

“From the Indian Reservation at the Tejon.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 6, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/06/1854

“Sierra Guards.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 6, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/07/1854

“Not True.” Daily Alta California, December 7, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/08/1854

“Contradicted.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 8, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/08/1854

Henley to Manypenny, December 8, 1854; January 15, 1855, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 34:189, 284.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 46, fn 58.
No copy of document; citation only.

Special Agent Mooney of Trinity County reports Indians furnished with beef to keep from starving because of failure of salmon to get above the miners’ flumes at Scott’s Bar and that “the warriors of the Shasta tribe are almost all exterminated leaving a large number of women and children.” Mooney brought 200 Indians from Trinity County to Nome Lackee.

 

12/08/1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to G.W. Manypenny, December 8, 1854, in Message of the President Communicating Papers from the Secretary of the Interior relative to the removal of Indians from California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 36, p. 2 (752).

Letter from Henley discussing spending limits for California Superintendent of Indian Affairs.

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12/09/1854

“Tejon.” Weekly Alta California, December 9, 1854: p. 7, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/09/1854

“Not True.” Weekly Alta California, December 9, 1854: p. 8, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/11/1854

“Northern Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 11, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/13/1854

“Tejon.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 13, 1854: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/14/1854

Document by George S. Houston, December 14, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Hon. George S. Houston, Chairman, Committee Ways and Means, requests certain information regarding estimates for California Superintendency and for copy of Henley’s estimates.

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12/14/1854

“The New Diggings in Red Wood Ridge.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 14, 1854: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/15/1854

“Affairs on the Pacific Side.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 15, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/16/1854

“The Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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12/16/1854

“The Indian Reservation North.” The Union Democrat-Sonora, December 16, 1854: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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12/16/1854

“Northern Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, December 16, 1854: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/18/1854

Thos. J. Henly [sic] to Geo. W. Manypenny, December 18, 1851 [1854], in “Message of the President Communicating a report from the Secretary of the Interior, relative to the colonization of the California Indians,” Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 7, Doc. 41, pp. 3-4 (752).

Estimate for two additional California reservations. Internal document regarding expenses with date of 1851 may be incorrect. Document refers to fiscal year ending in 1855.

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12/19/1854

Letter from E.F. Beale to G.W. Manypenny with enclosures from J.L. Donaldson, Benjamin Hayes, and others, December 19, 1854, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 33.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Enclosures relate to Beale’s “operations on the Indian Reserve, Tejon Valley.” Locations mentioned in the letters include Tulane Valley, Sebastian Military Reserve and Santa Barbara. Beale mentions a letter from T.J. Henley which is not included.

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12/19/1854

“Northern Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 19, 1854: p. 1, col. 7. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/21/1854

“California and Oregon Military Road.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 21, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/21/1854

“The Indians in Trinity.” Daily Alta California, December 21, 1854: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/22/1854

“Express Matter.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 22, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/24/1854

“Letter from General Wool.” Daily Alta California, December 24, 1854: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/26/1854

“Shasta Turnpike.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 26, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/27/1854

“Indian Affairs.” Daily Alta California, December 27, 1854: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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12/27/1854

AG Dead Office File, Row 3, File 7
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library, (Sacramento, 1940), 66-67.

Goodyear’s Rifles or Goodyear’s Bar Rifles, Fourth Division, Second Brigade, Goodyear’s Bar, Sierra County

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12/27/1854

Goodyear’s Rifles (Goodyear’s Bar Rifles). Item No.: B3414-2, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division

 

 

12/29/1854

Folder F3753:220, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Power of attorney assigned E.J. Curtis by Waterman and Tolin to collect all money due them for transportation or materials furnished Captain Wright’s Mounted Rangers in fall of 1852. Written in Yreka, December 29, 1854.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/30/1854

“Digger Indians.” Sacramento Daily Union, December 30, 1854: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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1854

Folder F3753:782, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Paper cites series of acts of Congress appropriating money to repay various states for expenditures during Indian wars and use of state militia. California was granted $924,259.65 on August 5, 1854 for her debts incurred prior to January 1, 1854. A notation, evidently by a lawyer, states no money shall be paid out of National Treasury on account of such expenses, unless money actually spent by states. Location and date written unknown.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

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