Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

January

 

 

1856

Folder F3753:787, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A copy of the Act creating the California Indian War Bond Commission and the directions for the actions of Commission members in fulfilling their duties. Written in Sacramento, 1856.

 

1856

Folder F3753:292, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from General John K. Lamerich, Company Commander, Oregon Volunteers, to Governor Johnson stating his men are driving Old John, Chief, and his men after defeating them three times, into California. Warns Johnson they may cause trouble and he isn’t sure his men will follow into California. Warns if they join up with Klamath Indians – big trouble. Suggests Johnson take action. Written at Headquarters, Southern Army, 1856.

 

1856

Secondary Sources only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 74-75.

Whiting, J.S. and Richard Whiting. Forts of the State of California. Lonview: Daily News Press, 1960, 40.

Lockhart’s Fort – Local incident near Fall River Mills, Shasta County, not a military installation.
Built by Sam Lockhart and others; on a hill near Fall River Mills, Shasta County.

 

Jan 1856

Secondary Source only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 65.

Post at Crescent City (Camp Crescent City) established by 4th Infantry, Fort Humboldt, during Red Cap war.

 

01__/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 6, File 2
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 123.

Forest Rifles, Company C, (Sierra Battalion) Fourth Division, Second Brigade, Forest City, Sierra County.

 

01/10/1856

Folder F3753:267, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Klamath County, near Crescent City, asks for company of volunteers to protect their lives and property. Written in Sacramento, January 10, 1856.

 

01/10/1856

Folder F3753:268, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Copy of petition to Governor from citizens of Klamath County. Written in Sacramento, January 10, 1856.

 

01/12/1856

“Klamath Reservation.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 12, 1856: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

01/12/1856

“Movement of U.S. Troops, Weekly Humboldt Times, January 12, 1856, p. 2, col. 2.

50 U.S. troops transported on Quoddy Belle from Fort Humboldt to Crescent City.

PDF

01/12/1856

“Indian Difficulty at Chico.” Weekly Butte Record, January 12, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

01/15/1856

Folder F3753:269, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to Senate and Assembly forwarding petition from Klamath County. Citizens requesting company of volunteers to protect against Indians. Says his predecessor had authorized 30 men but didn’t know what actions had taken place. Has draft copy included. Written in Sacramento, January 15, 1856.

 

01/18/1856

Folder F3753:270, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Requisition from Governor Johnson for 40 percussion rifles, plus accounterments and appendages and 5000 rounds of balls and caps for 40 mounted riflemen under a C.A. Hillman, Company Commander. Unit part of 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, California Militia. Written in Sacramento, January 18, 1856.

 

01/19/1856

“Indian War Claims.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 19, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

01/19/1856

“The Northern Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 19, 1856: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

01/19/1856

Folder F3753:271, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to Major General Wool, Company Commander, Pacific Department, inquiring if he has sent troops to Crescent City or plans to soon. Asks for help so he won’t have to send volunteers. Written at Executive Department, Sacramento, January 19, 1856.

 

01/23/1856

Folder F3753:775, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Draft of letter from Governor to Senate and Assembly discussing Act of Congress authorizing payment of California claims from Indian wars. Suggests several names of men, in and out of Congress, who are to approach Secretary of War concerning payment in full – as Secretary of War has turned down some claims. Written in Executive Department, Sacramento, January 23, 1856.

 

01/23/1856

Folder F3753:776, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Draft of proposal from Governor to Senate and Assembly on possibility of accepting Indian War appropriation from Congress in D.C. or N.Y., thus saving California transport and interest money. Much discussion of War
Bond issues which are to be paid off from appropriation. Written in Sacramento, January 23, 1856.

 

01/23/1856

“Indians in Nevada County” Nevada Democrat, January 23, 1856, p. 2, col. 2.

Nome Lackee

PDF

01/25/1856

Folder F3753:777, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from General Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Governor Johnson transmitting the muster roll, service roll vouchers for supplies, for Captain William Martin’s Company from Siskiyou County. Also enclosed certificate
from Judge and Sheriff and County and letter from Captain Martin. Suggests Governor send to Legislature. Written in Sacramento, January 25, 1856.

 

01/26/1856

“Indian War Claims.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 26, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

01/26/1856

Folder F3753:291, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Committee Report to citizens of Crescent City on visit to Ill River Indians attempting to settle trouble between them and whites. Indians complain whites live in their valley and have whipped them. Committee traded blankets for Indian guns; brought 9 Indians back for further negotiation. Written in Crescent City, January 26, 1856.

 

01/28/1856

Folder F3753:778, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J. Guthers, Secretary of Treasury, California, to Governor Johnson with list of officers, retired or deceased, from State Volunteers who still owe money to State. Asks Governor to provide last residence or that of next of kin. Written in Sacramento, January 28, 1856.

 

1856

Folder F3753:234, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Government form from George W. Manypenny, Commander of Indian Affairs presumably to Governor Johnson transmitting volumne 5 of work; Information Respecting the History, Condition, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. Written 1856.

 

01/29/1856

Folder F3753:235, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Winn, Company Commander, 1st Brigade, 4th Division to Governor Johnson stating R.W. Crandall refused to accept position of Commisary in Winn’s Brigade and requesting Governor to
commission L.B. Hopkins instead. Written in Sacramento, January 29, 1856.

 

01/31/1856

Folder F3753:779, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Communication from Governor Neely Johnson in response to request from both branches of Assembly for all information on status of California War Debts with Federal Government. Written in Sacramento, January 31, 1856.

 

 

 

February

 

 

02/02/1856

Secondary Sources only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 64.

Strobridge, William F. Regulars in the Redwoods: The U.S. Army in Northern California, 1852-1861. Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 101.

Whiting, J.S. and Richard Whiting. Forts of the State of California. Lonview: Daily News Press, 1960, 18.

Camp Cap-El (Camp Cappell), temporary summer camp of Company B, 4th Infantry located closed to an Indian village, Cap-El, at Camp Cap-El (Camp Cappell) on Cappell Bay, on west side of the Klamath River, 10 miles below the mouth of the Trinity River.

 

2/03/1856

“Man Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 3, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

“Man Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 3, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

PDF

02/09/1856

“Volunteer Company.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 9, 1856: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

02/09/1856

Folder F3753:237, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Governor Johnson transmitting list of all state General Militia Officers with date of rank. Written in Sacramento, February 9, 1856.

 

02/09/1856

P. Clayton, Report of the Second Auditor of the Treasury, February 9, 1856, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 6, Doc. 19, pp. 1, 232-248 (815).

Includes individual disbursements to California Superintendency.

PDF

02/11/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 5, File 7
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 131.

Petaluma Guard, Company D, First Infantry Batallion, Fifth Division, Second Brigade, Petaluma, Sonoma County.

 

02/13/1856

“Indian War Debt.” Nevada Democrat, February 13, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

02/16/1856

“Legislature.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 16, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

“Legislature.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 16, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

PDF

02/23/1856

“Indian War Claims.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 23, 1856: p. 2, cols. 2-3.

 

PDF

02/27/1856

Folder F3753:238, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Kibbe, Adjutant General to Governor Johnson transmitting commissions for officers elected by Petaluma Guards. Written in Sacramento, February 27, 1856.

 

02/29/1856

Folder F3753:272, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from G.R. Pratt and others to Governor Johnson asking help from hostile Indians. Says 15 settlers killed previous summer and they are desperate. Written at Klamath River, February 29, 1856.

 

 

 

March

 

03/02/1856

Folder F3753:273, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Major General Patrick Harris, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia, to Governor Johnson saying Harris read of Indian massacre of volunteers and citizens at Gold Beach near Rogue River. Volunteers services for immediate duty for self and militia if Governor needs them. Written at Bidwell, March 2, 1856.

 

03/05/1856

Folder F3753:274, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to Legislature saying he had discussed Indian situation in Crescent City area with General Wool, Company Commander, Pacific Division, and asked him if more troops are being sent there and had requested letter from Wool for information. Written at Executive Department, Sacramento, March 5, 1856.

 

03/07/1856

Folder F3753:275, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Order from Governor Johnson to D.N. Gilmore to proceed to Crescent City analyze situation, and if warranted, to organize volunteer company under J.B. Roseborough. Written at Executive Department, Sacramento, March 7, 1856.

 

03/08/1856

“Indians of the North.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 8, 1856: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

03/08/1856

Folder F3753:239, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from P.H. Hams to Governor Johnson expressing surprise that his California Militia Commission had been given to another. Says Butte County clerk did not forward oath of office but Hams had accepted commission in October, 1855. Forwarded certificate to General Kibbe, Adjutant General, assumes that takes care of matter. Written in Bidwell, March 8, 1856.

 

03/10/1856

Folder F3753:275, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from John W. Park to Governor Johnson, saying Wool a granny who may or may not take field. Says something must be done about arms for state, they still under Wool’s control. Would like to raise another company, as one authorized can’t function for some reason. Written in Crescent City, March 10, 1856.

 

03/18/1856

Folder F3753:277, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from David Gilmore to Governor Johnson in which he states no Indian danger at that time. Will know within 10 days after U.S. Army campaign against Rogue River Indians. Will let him know. Written in Crescent City, March 18, 1856.

 

03/22/1856

“Legislative.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 22, 1856: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/22/1856

“Indian Hostilities.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 22, 1856: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/29/56

“Attack by a Party of Indians on Cooper’s Mill, Eel River.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 29, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

03/29/1856

“Indians of the Klamath and Trinity.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 29, 1856: p. 2, cols. 3-4.

 

PDF

03/31/1856

Folder F3753:278, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from David Gilmore to Governor Johnson stating Indians in So. Oregon have been committing outrages but no requirement at Crescent City for volunteer company. Says U.S. Army troops should be able to keep trail open to Oregon at no cost to state. Says if Indians beat Army they will need all forces in that part of country. Written in Crescent City, March 31, 1856.

 

03/__/1856

Folder F3753:279, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from D.W. Gilmore to Governor Neely Johnson, informing him that a Major Allen, U.S. Quarter Master thinks he will have 90-100 troops available to sail to Vancouver on the Guliah, private ship. Written in San Francisco, March, 1856.

 

 

 

April

 

 

 

 

04/05/1856

AG Dead Office File. Row 5, File 6
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 149-152.

Placer Rifles, Fourth Division, Second Brigade, Auburn, Placer County

PDF

04/05/1856

Placer Rifles. Item No.: B3412-1, 2nd Brigade, 4th Division

 

 

04/05/1856

“From Hoopa Valley.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 5, 1856: p. 2, cols. 2-3.

 

PDF

04/05/1856

“War with the Indians.” Weekly Trinity Journal, April 5, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

04/05/1856

“Sheriff Neblett returned last night…” Weekly Trinity Journal, April 5, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

04/06/1856

Folder F3753:280, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from John S. Hughes to The Commander in Chief of the State of California stating he and other citizens had organized a volunteer company in September, 1855 but hadn’t received arms or commissions and would like them sent at once as their services were needed. Written at Sawyers Bar, Klamath County, April 6, 1856.

 

04/07/1856

Folder F3753:281, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Order by Governor Neely Johnson calling out a company of volunteers under David Sutherland to protect citizens of Klamath, Humboldt, Siskiyou Counties from Indians. Written at Executive Department, Sacramento, April 7, 1856.

 

04/08/1856

Folder F3753:240, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from County Judge P. Shaffer to Governor Johnson certifying election of Daniel E. Hungerford as Major of California Militia for volunteer units in Sierra County. Written in Downieville, Sierra County, April 8, 1856.

 

04/08/1856

George W. Manypenny to Benjamin Pringle, April 8, 1856, in Letter from the Secretary of the Interior, addressed to the chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs, relative to the accounts of Oliver M. Wozencraft, H. Misc. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 93, pp. 1-2 (867).

Regarding accounts of Oliver M. Wozencraft.

PDF

04/09/1856

Folder F3753:282, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from David Gilmore to Governor Johnson to effect that no word yet from Oregon Expedition but that Hoopah Indians may be getting ready for hostilities. Has plan for U.S. Army to patrol trail and says he has seen Major General Wool who agrees and furnished 50 men. Written at Crescent City, April 9, 1856.

 

04/10/1856

Folder F3753:283, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to David Sutherland ordering him to disband or not form volunteer company to protect Klamath, Humboldt, Trinity Counties. Cancelled order of April 7, 1856. Written at Headquarters, California Militia, Sacramento, April 10, 1856.

 

04/12/1856

“Independent Companies.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 12, 1856: p. 2, cols. 2-3.

 

PDF

04/12/1856

“From Crescent City.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 12, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

04/12/1856

“The Indian War.” Weekly Trinity Journal, April 12, 1856: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

04/15/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 4, File 5
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 153-154.

Crescent Rifles, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

PDF

04/15/1856

Item No.: B3413-2, Military Unit Designation: 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Crescent Rifles, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County

 

04/19/1856

“Indian Disturbance in Mendocino.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 19, 1856: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

04/19/1856

“Eel River, Mr. Editor:” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 19, 1856: p. 2, col. 4-5.

Information re: formation of volunteer company.

PDF

04/19/1856

A Good Move.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 19, 1856: p. 2, col. 2

Citizens on Eel River organizing an independent company.

PDF

04/26/1856

“Indians on Trinity.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 26, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

“Indians on Trinity.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 26, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

PDF

04/30/1856

“Cow Creek War.” Nevada Democrat, April 30, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

 

 

May

 

 

05/02/1856

Folder F3753:241, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Adjutant General, U.S. Army to Senator J.B. Weller acknowledging receipt of letter from Governor of California containing muster rolls and returning letter as requested. Written in Washington, D.C., May 2, 1856.

 

05/03/1856

Folder F3753:242, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Adjutant General, U.S. Army to Governor Johnson acknowledging receipt of letter containing muster rolls. Written in Washington, D.C., May 3, 1856.

 

05/03/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 3, File 3
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 155-163.

“Citizens of Crescent City”, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County.

PDF

05/03/1856

Item No.: B3415-1, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

“Citizens of Crescent City”, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Klamath County.

 

05/03/1856

“Indian Outbreak in Shasta County.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 3, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

05/03/1856

“Mouth of Salmon.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 3, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

05/03/1856

“Nome Lackee Reservation” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 3, 1856, p. 3, col. 1.

Nome Lackee

PDF

05/03/1856

“Removal of the Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 3, 1856, p. 3, col. 1.

Klamath Reservation

PDF

05/04/1856

Folder F3753:285, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wallis McDonald to Governor Neeley Johnson reporting Gilmore’s raising of volunteer company and of Indians burning house in Smith River Valley. McDonald assured Governor need for volunteers until regular army troops arrive. Says Wool is right in actions. Written in Crescent City, May 4, 1856.

 

05/05/1856

Folder F3753:284, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from David Gilmore to Governor Johnson. Some modifications to Wool’s orders on men to patrol trail are straightened out. Gilmore authorized 30 men for 30 days to take field against Smith River Indians who burned two houses. Tells Governor he will try and disband early. Written in Crescent City, May 5, 1856.

 

05/07/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 4, File 5
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 164.

Eureka Blues, Company D, Fourth Division, Second Brigade, Eureka City, Sierra County

PDF

05/07/1856

Eureka Blues. Item No.: B3414-2, 2nd Brigade, Co. D, 4th Division

 

 

05/10/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 5, File 5
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 165-166.

Scott River Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Scott River, Siskiyou County

PDF

05/10/1856

Scott River Guard, Item No.: B3412-1, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Scott River Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Scott River, Siskiyou County

 

05/10/1856

“Stars and Stripes in the Mountains.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 10, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

05/10/1856

“News Items — Indian War in Klamath County.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 10, 1856: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

05/10/1856

“Orleans Bar.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 10, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

Klamath Guards mentioned.

PDF

05/16/1856

Folder F3753:286, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.B. Roseborough to Governor Johnson asking permission to increase his volunteer company to 50 men, implying the U.S. Army can’t or won’t help defend against Indians. Repeats usual story of Smith River Valley burnings and estimates of large numbers of Indians in area. Written in Crescent City, May 16, 1856.

 

05/17/1856

“Klamath Correspondence.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 17, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

05/17/1856

“Important Intelligence from Orleans Bar; From Salmon River.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 17, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

05/17/1856

“Cow Creek War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 17, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

05/24/1856

Othertype 287, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Roseborough to Governor Johnson. Again he states he doubts if the U.S. Army will be able to protect citizens after his company is disbanded on June 5. Says they will only guard trains to the Rogue River area. Written in Crescent City, May 24, 1856.

 

05/26/1856

Folder F3753:243, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Major General James Walsh, Company Commander, 4th Division, California Militia, to Governor Johnson tendering resignation of commission. Written in Grass Valley, May 26, 1856.

 

05/26/1856

Othertype 288, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from D.W. Gilmore to Governor Johnson reporting on situation at Crescent City. Said he finally authorized Roseborough to raise company but expects U.S. Army to guard trails. Points out Indians on Klamath Reservation must be fed as they are from other areas and have no rights to hunt and fish on Klamath Indian property. Written in Sacramento, May 26, 1856.

 

05/26/1856

Folder F3753:289, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Original report from Gilmore to Johnson on Klamath County Indian troubles. Written in Sacramento, May 26, 1856.

 

1856

Folder F3753:290, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Walter McDonald to Governor Johnson recommending a David Sutherland as Company Commander of a volunteer company on Klamath and Trinity Rivers vs. Indians and a E.G. Wescott as Quarter Master and Commissary for company. (Klamath County), (McDonald may have returned to Sacramento, no heading no date). Written in 1856.

 

05/31/1856

“Eel River.” Weekly Humboldt Times, Weekly Humboldt Times, May 31, 1856: p.3, col. 1.

“Eel River.” Weekly Humboldt Times, Weekly Humboldt Times, May 31, 1856: p.3, col. 1.

PDF

 

 

 

 

June

 

 

June 1856

C.H. Rundell to Lieutenant F. H. Bates, June 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 pp. 150-152 (876).

Discusses conditions on Klamath Reserve.

PDF

06/12/1856

Folder F3753:293, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.D. Cosby, Major General, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia, to Governor Johnson stating he has sent 30 men on a scouting expedition to observe the actions of the Modock (sic), Klamath Lake, Applegate, Klamath River Indians, all of whom he thinks have turned hostile and united. If true, he will have to take extended actions; needs arms, Captain Martin has 40 guns all available. Written at Headquarters, 6th Division, California Militia, Yreka, June 12, 1856.

 

06/14/1856

“Indian War Claims.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 14, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

06/17/1856

John E. Wool to Lieutenant Colonel L. Thomas, June 17, 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 pp. 149-150 (876).

Discusses poor state of California Indian Superintendency.

PDF

06/17/8156

Folder F3753:294, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to Major General John E. Wool, Company Commander, Pacific Division asking for help against Indians in north. Encloses letter from Cosby. Says he doesn’t want to use state troops. Written in Sacramento, June 17, 1856.

 

06/21/1856

“Indian War Claim Notice.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 21, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

06/21/1856

“Battle with Indians at Big Meadows.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 21, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

06/21/1856

Folder F3753:783, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Paper entitled War Indebtedness shows appropriations of $146,000 and bonds issued to date (June 21, 1856) of $135,800, leaving balance of $10,200. Location and date written unknown.

 

6/21/1856

Storms to Henley, June 21, 1856, Mf. RG 75, Series M 234, Roll 35:373.

Cited in:
Lynwood Carranco and Estle Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981), 51-54.

No copy of document; citation only.

S.P. Storms establishes Nome Cult Farm 6/14/1856 (later known as Round Valley Reservation) in northern part of Round Valley; per Beard, Storms was former Indian trader, was hired by Wozencraft as an interpreter for treaty negotiations, and was in charge of the “Nevada station” on the Nome Lackee reservation where Grass Valley and Yuba River Maidu Indians lived; Storms claimed Nome Cult Valley for U.S. government on 6/14; Indians in the valley told him that a number of women and children had been taken away by white men.

 

06/24/1856

Robert C. Buchanan to D.R. Jones, June 24, 1856, document “A” in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 pp. 155-157 (876).

Discusses Indian affairs in Oregon and Northern California.

PDF

06/26/1856

Folder F3753:295, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from D.D. Calton to General Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, enclosing muster rolls of Scott River Guards and requesting arms. Says the Guards can beat all Indians in state with the Vigilance Committee thrown in. Written in Yreka City, June 26, 1856.

 

06/29/1856

“An Act: Punish Vagrants, Vagabonds, Dangerous and Suspicious Persons.” Weekly Butte Record, June 29, 1856: p. 1, col. 3.

 

PDF

 

 

 

July

 

 

July 1856

J.R. Vineyard to Thomas J. Henley, July 1856, document no. 101 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 797-800 (875).

Provides annual report for Tejon reservation.

PDF

07/05/1856

“The Mendocino Reservation,” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 5, 1856, p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

07/15/1856

Jas. A. Patterson to Thos. J. Henley, July 15, 1856, document no. 102 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 800-801 (875).

Discusses conditions of Indians on and around the Klamath Reservation.

PDF

07/22/1856

M.B. Lewis to Thomas J. Henley, July 22, 1856, document no. 104 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 803-807 (875).

Discusses conditions of and treatment of Fresno and Kings River Indians, labor issues.

PDF

07/25/1856

H.L. Ford to Thomas J. Henley, July 25, 1856, document no. 105 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 808-809 (875).

Discusses condition of Indians at Mendocino Reservation.

PDF

07/31/1856

E.A. Stevenson to Thomas J. Henley, July 31, 1856, document no. 103 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 801-803 (875).

Discusses conditions at Nome Lackee reservation, and Indian slavery.

PDF

 

 

August

 

 

08/04/1856

Folder F3753:296, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to General J. Cosby, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia, telling him to take necessary measures against Indians in No. California. Cautions on need for absolute economy. Says U.S. Army can’t or won’t help, says no arms/ammunition available to send. Written in Sacramento, August 4, 1856.

 

08/07/1856

H.M. Judah, Report of H.M. Judah, August 7, 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5, pp. 181-184 (876).

Concerns hostilities near Tule Lake as recorded by the Yreka Union. Includes article.

PDF

08/16/1856

“Klamath Reservation.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 16, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

08/16/1856

Geo. W. Manypenny to R. McClelland, August 16, 1856, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, pp. 19-20 (825).

Discusses Fremont’s accounts for beef agreed to by Indian Commissioners.

PDF

08/16/1856

James Guthrie to the President of the United States, August 16, 1856, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, pp. 1-2 (825).

Discusses claims by John C. Fremont.

PDF

08/19/1856

John E. Wool to Lieutenant Colonel L. Thomas, August 19, 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 pp. 180-181 (876).

Discusses poor state of the Indian Dept. in California.

PDF

08/20/1856

Folder F3753:297, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Johnson to Major General Cosby, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia saying he sent orders but will send again on return to Sacramento. In general, says get with it and do what is needed. Written in Marysville, August 20, 1856.

 

8/29/1856

“Indian Agent Shot,” Sonoma County Journal, August 29, 1856, p. 2, col. 4.

Nome Lackee

PDF

08/30/1856

“Personal.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 30, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

08/30/1856

“Indian War Claims.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 30, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

08/30/1856

“More Depredations by the Indians.” Weekly Trinity Journal, August 30, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

08/30/1856

Jas. P. Goodall to Thos. J. Henley, August 30, 1856, document no. 106 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 809-811 (875).

Discusses Northern California Indian war campaigns.

PDF

 

 

September

 

 

09/03/1856

John E. Wool to Lieut. Col. L. Thomas, September 3, 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 pp. 185-186 (876).

Refers to political and financial concerns of volunteers fighting the Indians.

PDF

09/04/1856

Thos. J. Henley to Geo. W. Manypenny, September 4, 1856, document no. 100 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 787-797 (875).

Discusses conditions of Indian farms and reservations in California.

 

09/06/1856

“The New Trail from Trinidad.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 6, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

09/19/56

John E. Wool to Lieut. Colonel L. Thomas, September 19, 1856, in Appendix no. 4 of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5 p. 184 (876).

 

PDF

09/24/1856

“The Indians on the Klamath.” Nevada Democrat, September 24, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

 

 

October

 

 

10/03/1856

“Petaluma and Weaverville Road.” Sonoma County Journal, October 3, 1856: p. 1, col. 3.

 

PDF

10/04/1856

“The Bald Mountain Diggers.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 4, 1856: p. 2. col. 3.

 

PDF

10/04/1856

“War Bonds.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 4, 1856: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

10/11/1856

“No Indians to be Found.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 11, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

10/18/1856

“Fight with the Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, October 18, 1856: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

10/25/1856

“A Man Shot by Indians Down the Coast.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 25, 1856: p. 2, col. 2-3.

 

PDF

10/29/1867

“Anticipated Deluge in 1856-7.” Nevada Democrat, October 29, 1856: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

10/31/1856

Secondary Source only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 63.

Camp Near Butte Creek, temporary camp garrisoned by Company D, 4th Infantry.

 

 

 

November

 

 

11/15/1856

“Chastising the Indians that Shot Hicks.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 15, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

11/22/1856

“Salmon.” Weekly Butte Record, November 22, 1856: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

11/22/1856

Geo. W. Manypenny, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 22, 1856, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 554-580 (875).

Relevant California affairs on page 568.

PDF

11/29/1856

“Narrow Escape from Drowning.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 29, 1856: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

11/29/1856

R. McClelland, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, November 29, 1856, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 5, pp. 174-188 (875).

Refers to Indian colonization policy pp. 186-188.

PDF

 

 

December

 

 

12/03/1856

“Varieties: Indians about Marysville.” Nevada Democrat: December 3, 1856: p. 1, col. 6.

 

PDF

12/01/1856

Jeff’n Davis, Report of the Secretary of War, December 1, 1856, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 5, pp. 3-27, 147-148 (876).

Contains year end summary. See pp. 3-27 and 147-148 for references to California.

PDF

12/07/1856

“Mr. Editor: As You Have Lately Lost Your Indians” Weekly Butte Record, December 7, 1856, p. 3, col. 2

Nome Lackee

PDF

12/22/1856

AG Dead Office File, Row 3, File 6
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part.1), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 184.

Oroville Guard, Company A, First Brigade, Oroville, Butte County, reorganized May 27, 1861.

PDF

12/22/1856

Oroville Guard . Item No.: B3414-2, 5th Brigade, Co. A

Oroville Guard, Company A, First Brigade, Oroville, Butte County, reorganized May 27, 1861

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2009 - 2017 calindianhistory.org All Rights Reserved