Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

January

About 1861

Folder F3753:943, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Draft of paper explaining a bill that will apportion Congressional appropriation where needed, explains why Board of War Examiners needs a clerk, and why all papers and materials pertaining to War Board should be filed in Adjutant General’s Office. Written around 1861.

 

No date

Folder F3753:946, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

A directive to make a draft upon the U.S. Treasurer for bonds to pay for the various listed Indian Expeditions. Some to be used to redeem War Bonds, sent to California Treasury.

 

No date

Folder F3753:947, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Paper attempting to justify need for volunteer troops to fight Indians by showing U.S. Army troops availability in 1858 and lack of use in field until after Indians captured and put on reservation. (May have been written by Kibbe or War Bond Commission member in 1860-61 for Congress use).

 

No date

Folder F3753:948, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Voucher of expenses for Indian War Claims, California, from 1854-59. Probably copy of documents submitted to 3rd Auditor. [8 pages]

 

No date

Folder F3753:949, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to John S. Phelps asking that the bill to pay California War Debts, recommended by Committee on Military Affairs, be incorporated in an appropriation bill to be reported by Committee on Ways and Means. Written in Washington, D.C.

 

No date

Folder F3753:950, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Statement of remaining outstanding indebtedness of California for War Bonds of 1850-51 for amount of $209,751.78 after Congressional appropriation paid off part.

 

No date

Folder F3753:951, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Statement of costs of expeditions for which Congress appropriated money, signed by Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General. Kibbe has notation to effect that seems are agreed upon by Third Auditor, Treasury of U.S.

 

No date

Folder F3753:952, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Sheet of paper label amounts audited with two columns of figures, two totals.

 

No date

Folder F3753:953-959, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Example Indian War Bonds.

 

1861

Secondary Source only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 60.

Camp Armstrong established as temporary army camp on the Van Duzen Fork of the Eel River near Yager Creek, Humboldt County.

 

01/02/1861

“Nomee Lauke Reservation.” Red Bluff Beacon, January 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

01/02/1861

“Nome Lackee Reservation.” Marysville Daily Appeal, January 2, 1861: p. 4, col. 1.

 

PDF

01/02/1861

“Indian Outrages.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 2, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

01/04/1861

“Wholesale Kidnapping” Marysville Daily Appeal, January 4, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

Nome Lackee; Slavery

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01/05/1861

“The Klamath Reservation; Resolutions Adopted at the Primary Meeting to Choose Delegates.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Mentions B. Van Nest, Wm Nixon

PDF

01/10/1861

“Indian Slave Trade in the Northern Part of the State.” Nevada Democrat, January 10, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

PDF

01/10/1861

Folder F3753:812, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Amendments to Army Appropriation Bill pending before Congress, January 1861, reported by Committee on Military Affairs of Senate. This appropriates $203,380.00 to pay California War Debts. Written in Washington, D.C., January 10, 1861.

 

01/12/1861

“County Convention.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 12, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

01/12/1861

“Troops for the Mountains,” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 12, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

U.S. Troops

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01/12/1861

“Indian Convention.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 12, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

Thomas Dean appointed chair, Van Nest, secretary; members of convention: W.C. Martin, R.B. Cave, W.S. Robinson, H.F. Janes, T.J. Titlow – Arcata; J.S. Murray, W. Van Dyke, A. Monroe, Thomas Dean, C.S. Ricks, B. Van Nest – Eureka; W. Hagans, Mr. Knisley, F. McDaniels – Bucksport; M. Liles – Eel River; T. Eastlake – Island.

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01/16/1861

Folder F3753:813, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from unknown writer (almost certainly California Congressman) to someone in California Legislature requesting an approval of an extention of Wm. Kibbe’s, Adjutant General, leave of absence from duties to represent California in attempt to recover Indian War Debts from Congress. Need him until June, writer says. Written in Washington, January 16, 1861.

 

01/19/1861

“Attack by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 19, 1861: p. 2, col. 2

 

PDF

01/19/1861

“The California Indians, Weekly Humboldt Times, January 19, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

01/22/1861

“Indian Hostilities,” Nevada Democrat, January 22, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

01/26/1861

“The Indian Troubles,” Sacramento Daily Union, January 26, 1861, p. 1, col. 4.

Round Valley, 18 Indians killed by whites; mentions Deputy Sheriff Witt

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01/26/1861

“Indian War-Claim Meeting,” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 26, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Orson Knight, chair; W.S. Barnum, secretary; Hon. E.L. Davis; Mr. Wright appointed delegate “for this precinct”

PDF

01/26/1861

“From South Fork Eel River,” Weekly Humboldt Times, January 26, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

01/29/1861

Folder F3753:814, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from S. Cooper, Adjutant General, U.S. Army to Joseph Halt, Secretary of War enclosing a statement on number of regular troops in or near California in 1854-59, This information asked for by Committee of Military Affairs relative to California Indian War Debt payment. Written in Washington, D.C., January 29, 1861.

 

01/29/1861

Folder F3753:815, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Statement by Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Congress of California War Debt Bonds & Coupons with dates coupons good for and when bonds redeemed. Written in Washington, D.C., January 29, 1861.

 

01/29/1861

Folder F3753:754, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Statement of number of U.S. Army troops stationed at all California posts for 1854-55, 1858, 1859. Written in Adjutant General’s Office, January 29, 1861.

 

01/30/1861

“Indian Trouble.” Red Bluff Beacon, January 30, 1861, p. 2, col. 5.

Round Valley

PDF

01/30/1861

Folder F3753:816, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J. Halt, Secretary of War to Joseph Lane, Chairman, protempore Senate Committee on Military Affairs, sending papers from 3rd Auditor and Adjutant General on California War Debt. – Remarks that claims look to be justified. Written in Washington, D.C., January 30, 1861.

 

 

 

 

 

 

February

 

 

 

02/02/1861

“House Plundered by Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 1

Mentions C.C. Fairfield of Kneeland Prairie, Bald Hills

PDF

02/02/1861

“Fight with Indians – Thirteen Indians Killed and Several Wounded.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Inqua Ranch, Middle Yager, Bald Hills; 7 whites tracked Indians’ trail, killed 13 Indians;

PDF

02/02/1861

“Our Indian War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 2, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

02/02/1861

Folder F3753:486, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Hastings to Governor Downey with depositions of Mr. Wm. Pool concerning Hastings’ losses to Indian raids. Asks Governor Downey to forward to committee considering Mendocino war claims. Written in Benicia, February 2, 1861.

 

02/04/1861

“Indenturing Indians – A Nice System of Slavery,” Sacramento Daily Union, February 4, 1861, p. 4, col. 3.

 

PDF

02/04/1861

Folder F3753:817, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Colonel J.D. Stevenson stating that after appropriations bill passes Senate, all men who served in Indian expeditions will be entitled to apply for Bounty Lands. Says he will tell him what steps to take. Written in Washington, D.C., February 4, 1861.

 

02/05/1861

“Indian Troubles North,” Sacramento Daily Union, February 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

02/07/1861

“Hunting Indians.” Nevada Democrat, February 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

U.S. Troops from Fort Humboldt sent to South of Eel River

PDF

02/09/1861

Indian Affairs in this State…” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 9, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

02/09/1861

“Upper Mattole; A Large Haul,” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 9, 1861: p, 3, col. 1.

39 Indian men killed by settlers on main Eel River above crossing of old Sonoma trail

PDF

02/15/1861

Folder F3753:575, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Mendocino, Humboldt, and Trinity Counties to Governor Downey for authorization to raise one or two volunteer companies to suppress Indians and protect stock. Written in Humboldt Co., Feb. 15, 1861.

 

02/15/1861

Folder F3753:576, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Duplicate petition to Downey as: 575 but different signatures. Written in Humboldt County, February 15, 1861.

 

02/16/1861

“Indian Troubles.” Weekly Butte Record, February 16, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

02/18/1861

Folder F3753:818, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Testimonial signed by California Congressmen Burch, Scott, Gwen, Latham, commending Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, for his work in securing passage of an appropriation to pay California War Debts and to secure arms for militia. Written in Washington, D.C., February 26, 1861.

 

02/23/1861

“Indian Affairs.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

02/23/1861

“Apprenticing Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 23, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

Slavery

PDF

02/23/1861

Massacre and Plunder by Indians on Upper Eel River and Van Duzen’s Fork.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

02/23/1861

“More Plundering by Indians at Kneeland’s Prairie.” Weekly Humboldt Times, February 23, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

March

 

 

 

03/02/1861

“It is passing strange…” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

03/02/1861

“Commitment and Discharge.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 2, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Court handed Indian boy over to citizen who took him to San Francisco

PDF

03/02/1861

“Apprenticing Indians,” San Francisco Evening Bulletin, March 2, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

V.E. Geiger has 80 Indians apprenticed to him to take to Washoe

PDF

03/02/1861

“Round Valley,” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 2, 1861, p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

03/05/1861

“More Indian Troubles.” Nevada Democrat, March 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Settlers killing Indians on Eel River and Mattole

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03/09/1861

“The Mendocino Indians” Weekly Butte Record, March 9, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

Mendocino Indians, Yreka tribe, Tlackees “great dread of the Reservation”

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03/09/1861

“Apprenticing Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 9, 1861, p. 2, col. 2.

Samuel D. Ross “trading in Indian” children; has more than a dozen applications from upstanding citizens for young Indians to “apprentice” them; Ross has taken “all precautions to this business in a just and legal way”

PDF

03/09/1861

“Troops at Yager,” Weekly Humboldt Times, march 9, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

U.S. troops, Lt. Lynn moving from South Eel River to Yager Creek

PDF

03/09/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 9, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/09/1861

“Indian Outrages in Humboldt.” Trinity Weekly Journal, March 9, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/09/1861

“Indian Outrage.” Trinity Weekly Journal, March 9, 1861: p. 3., col. 1.

 

PDF

03/10/1861

Folder F3753:487, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Long Valley asking Governor Downey for immediate protection from Indian stock raiding. Want either state or Federal troops or say most will move. Written in Long Valley, Mendocino County, March 10, 1861.

 

03/12/1861

Folder F3753:577, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Battalion Brigadier General A.S. Johnston, Company Commander, Department of Pacific, to Governor Downey acknowledging his request for troops to Humboldt. Says have three companies there; one at Humboldt (Bay?), one at Camp Bragg, and one at Fort Gaston, detach Round Valley Will send patrols out of all three – all troops available now – maybe more later. Written at Headquarters Department of Pacific, San Francisco, March 12, 1861.

 

03/12/1861

Folder F3753:533, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Alvin Potter to Governor Downey asking to be paid for horse feed furnished by Jarboe and Kibbe in 1859. Says Kibbe took food without asking and Jarboe by force. Written at Little Lake Valley, Mendocino County, March 12, 1861.

 

03/13/1861

Folder F3753:819, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Governor Downey telling him War Debt appropriation has passed but each separate account must be audited. Says he will stay in D.C. until Governor appoints someone to receive money. Says got 2000-3000 stand of arms. Says Governor gave wrong amount of arms owned by state. Written in Washington, D.C., March 13, 1861.

 

03/16/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 16, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

Arcata collecting money to keep a small “volunteer force”; have raised $600; not waiting for the Government to address their situation

PDF

03/16/1861

“The Indian War Debt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 16, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

Of the $400,000 claim before Congress, California has disbursed upwards of $150,000 in cash, which sum the [federal proposed] bill will return to the State Treasury…”

PDF

03/19/1861

Folder F3753:820, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Secretary of War sending petitions papers and orders pertaining to Humboldt and Klamath Counties’ expeditions against Indians in 1858-59. Asks Secretary of War to expedite paying money for these and other expeditions. Says he can find all information in California Senate Records. Written in Washington, D.C., March 19, 1861.

 

03/19/1861

Folder F3753:821, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wells Fargo Company to Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, stating a number of people who bought War Bonds, giving names, amount, bond number. Asks for description of all the different claims. Written in New York, New York, March 19, 1861.

 

03/20/1861

Folder F3753:822, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Memorandum by Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, filed with Secretary of War, stating California Militia had to take field against Indians in November 1858 in Klamath and Humboldt Counties because U.S.-Army weren’t ready to do so. Says state paid troops. Written in Washington, D.C., March 20, 1861.

 

03/21/1861

Folder F3753:823, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Wells Fargo, New York, acknowledging their letter of March 19. Explains who is eligible to redeem bonds listed in that letter. Says will help further if sent other names of bond holders. Written in Washington, D.C., March 21, 1861.

 

03/21/1861

Folder F3753:824, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Memorandum of Indebtedness compiled by unknown. Lists some of the Expeditions and their indebtedness and who paid for them if any did. Written in Washington, D.C., March 21, 1861.

 

03/22/1861

“Indian Servitude,” Marysville Daily Appeal, March 22, 1861, p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/23/1861

“Troops at Yager,” Weekly Butte Record, March 23, 1861, p. 2, col. 4.

U.S. Troops

PDF

03/23/1861

“California War Debt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

03/23/1861

“Correspondence.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 5.

Describes locations of U.S. troops deployed from Fort Bragg, Fort Gaston, Fort Humboldt

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03/25/1861

Folder F3753:578, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Battalion Brigadier General A.S. Johnston to Governor Downey asking for 30 men, to be enrolled for three months to be used as guides for his infantry patrols. Will receive same pay as infantry soldiers. Written at Headquarters, Department of Pacific, March 25, 1861.

 

03/27/1861

“Kidnapping Indian Children in Mendocino Co.” San Francisco Bulletin, March 27, 1861, p. 1., col. 1.

G.H. Woodman took Indian children from the “Rispoiner tribe, from Long Valley to the lower valleys but done by request and consent of their relatives.” Certificate signed by 44 residents of Long Valley “corroborate Mr. Woodman’s statement…”

PDF

03/30/1861

“California Indian War Debt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 30, 1861: p. 2, col. 2-4.

 

PDF

03/30/1861

“Movement of Troops,” Weekly Humboldt Times, March 30, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

03/30/1861

“More Indian Outrages,” Trinity Weekly Journal, March 30, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

 

 

April

04/02/1861

“Killed by Indians.” Nevada Democrat, April 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

04/02/1861

“Our Indian War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 2, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Order issued by “Captain Black:” Indian men taken in battle are to be hung at once; women and children “humanely treated”

PDF

04/06/1861

“It appears that the Commanding Officer…” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 6, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

04/06/1861

“Official Correspondence.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 6, 1861: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

04/06/1861

Folder F3753:825, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, again explaining why militia troops were kept in field from November 1858 – March 1859 in Humboldt and Klamath Counties expeditions despite Governor Weller’s order to disband them. Kibbe claims U.S. Army not ready until March 16, 1859. Written in Washington, D.C., April 6, 1861.

 

04/06/1861

Folder F3753:826, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Draft of Kibbe’s letter to Secretary of War on papers relative to Klamath and Humboldt Counties militia disbandment. Written in Washington, D.C., April 6, 1861.

 

04/11/1861

Folder F3753:827, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Affadavit of Edward Gillpatrick that he served in Captain Wordward’s Company, California Militia, in Klamath War of 1856 for over two months and applied for pay. Written in San Joaquin County, April 11, 1861.

 

04/12/1861

Civil War began at federal Fort Sumter, South Carolina.

 

04/13/1861

“Cattle Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 13, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

04/13/1861

“Movement of Troops; Volunteers” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 13, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

Volunteers to act as guides to U.S. troops for 3 months to be mustered into service at Fort Humboldt

PDF

04/13/1861

“Excitement in Hoopa.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 13, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

04/15/1861

Folder F3753:828, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, requesting that he issue arms for California for the years 1850-51 equal to those issued in 1852 as resolved by Congress. Says have great need in California as thousands of local citizens are entitled to military duty who now can’t serve. Written in Washington, D.C., April 15, 1861

 

04/15/1861

Folder F3753:829, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to S. Anderson, Chief Clerk, War Department, asking to be informed if the order for an arms issue is acted upon before he leaves for California on April 21, 1861. Written in Washington, D.C., April 15, 1861

 

04/18/1861

Folder F3753:579, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from S.G. Whipple to Governor Downey to effect he has raised and sworn in 30 volunteers for service against Indians. Said at suggestion of Captain Wright, Company Commander, Fort Humboldt, he got all mounted men and had horses valued. Issued arms sent up last year – needs proper papers transferring them to his jurisdiction. Written in Eureka, April 18, 1861.

 

04/20/1861

“Good News from Lieut. Collins’ Command – Battle with Indians – Twenty-Five Indians Killed!” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 20, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

04/20/1861

“Hoopa” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 20, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

04/20/1861

“Volunteers.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 20, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

Governor Downey ordered 30 volunteers into service to act as guides to U.S. troops; “experienced mountaineers”

PDF

04/20/1861

“Indian Alarm at Hoopa Valley.” Trinity Weekly Journal, April 20, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

04/27/1861

“The Savage Re-possessing his Hunting Grounds” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 27, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

Mendocino Indians

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04/27/1861

“Another House Burned.” Weekly Humboldt Times, April 27, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

04/27/1861

“Indian Battle — Twenty Five Indians Killed.” Weekly Butte Record, April 27, 1861: p. 2, col. 5.

Van Duzen Fork

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04/30/1861

“Battle with the Indians – Twenty-Five Killed.” Nevada Democrat, April 30, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

PDF

 

 

 

 

May

05/02/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Nevada Democrat, May 2, 1861: p. 1, col. 5.

Hay Fork Valley

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05/04/1861

“From the Troops” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 4, 1861, p. 2, col. 2.

States regulars and volunteers cooperating “cordially”

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05/04/1861

“Hoopa Matter-Movement of Troops and Conduct of the Indians” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 4, 1861, p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

05/04/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 4, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

05/04/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Butte Record, May 4, 1861: p. 3, col. 3.

 

PDF

05/04/1861

“Indian Fighting.” Visalia Weekly Delta, May 4, 1861: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

05/04/1861

“Neil’s Ranch Van Duzen Creek.” Visalia Weekly Delta, May 4, 1861: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

05/09/1861

“Indian Troubles in Tehama.” Nevada Democrat, May 9, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

Cow Creek

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05/11/1861

“Indian Depredations at Blue Slide – Continued Outrages.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 11, 1861: p. 2. col. 4.

 

PDF

05/11/1861

“News from the Indian Fighters.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 11, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

05/11/1861

“Indian Troubles.” Trinity Weekly Journal, May 11, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

05/16/1861

“Indian Fight.” Nevada Democrat, May 16, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

Dead Wood, Humboldt Indians

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05/18/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 18, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

“Blue Slide” Mad River

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05/18/1861

“Speedy Retribution! – Good News from the Troops! Fourteen Indians Killed!” Weekly Humboldt Times, p. 2, col. 2

6 regulars, 5 volunteer guides, John Brehmer of Blue Slide, O. Turner of Arcata attacked Indians on Boulder Creek, 7 miles from Blue Slide; attack led by Corporal Green Wilkinson of volunteers.

PDF

05/18/1861

“Military Post.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 18, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/18/1861

“Lieut. Dillon.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 18, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

35 regulars to be joined by 10 volunteers on South Fork of Eel River

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05/18/1861

“Eight Indians Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 18, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Mouth of Larabee Creek and Eel River, attacked Indian rancheria, killed 8 Indians; force composed of regular troops and volunteer guides

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05/25/1861

“Indians Killed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 25, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

Party of settlers killed 15 Indians, South Eel River

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05/25/1861

“From the Troops” Weekly Humboldt Times, May 25, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

John D. Skilling one of the volunteer guides at Boulder Creek

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05/30/1861

“Fourteen Indians Killed.” Nevada Democrat, May 30, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

PDF

05/31/1861

Folder F3753:830, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Commissioners J.W. Denver and S.B. Smith, California War Debt Board to Governor Downey asking for all books, papers, and vouchers relative to War Debt of state covered by Legislature Act of May 6, 1861. Revenue side is receipt for papers signed by A.J. Phelan, Board’s Chief Clerk. Written in San Francisco, May 31, 1861.

 

 

 

 

 

June

06/01/1861

“The Indian War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 1, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

06/01/1861

“Fourteen Indians Killed.” Weekly Butte Record, June 1, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

06/03/1861

Folder F3753:831, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from R.J. Atkinson, Third Auditor, War Department to Governor Downey explaining that all California accounts for War Claims must be audited. Suggests a statement on necessity for each campaign and an itemized list of expenses. Paints out that California not U.S. responsible for redemption of bonds. Written in Washington, D.C., June 3, 1861.

 

06/08/1861

Reported Battle.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 8, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

Kentuck Creek, tributary of Eel River, 25 Indians killed

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06/08/1861

“Indian Depredations in South-West Trinity.” Trinity Weekly Journal, June 8, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

06/08/1861

Folder F3753:580, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.P. Haynes to Governor Downey asking him to intervene with Major General Summer, Company Commander, Division of Pacific, to retain troops at Fort Terrow (?) to prevent events with Indians such as occurred in Humboldt County. Written in Crescent City, June 8, 1861.

 

06/13/1861

“Indian Fight in Trinity.” Nevada Democrat, June 13, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

Indians killed 2 dogs at Hyampom valley, 6 settlers from Hyampom pursued Indians, attacked them on Pilot Creek, killing a number of them; Hank Young, Pierce Trimble wounded.

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06/14/1861

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part. 2), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 295.
AG Dead Office File, Row 5, File 2
The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part 2), p. 295

Union Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

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06/14/1861

Union Guard, Item No.: B3412-3, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Union Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Weaverville, Trinity County

 

06/15/1861

“The Indian Campaign.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 15, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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06/15/1861

“From the Mountains.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 15, 1861: p. 3, col. 3.

 

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06/15/1861

“The Humboldt Indian War.” Nevada Democrat, June 15, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

Regulars and volunteers under Lt Collins on Larabee Creek, moving to Upper Mad River

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06/22/1861

“Outrageous,” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 22, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

Indian boy, 15 years old, servant since infancy, to a Mr. Swain of Elk River was murdered

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06/22/1861

“Lieutenant Collins’ Command.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 22, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Collin’s troops/volunteers attacking Indian ranches, killing male Indians, mentions Lassic’s band, formidable band of mountain Indians; Corporal Larrabee of volunteers wounded.

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06/22/1861

“From the Fort Gaston Detachment – Six Men Attacked by Indians – One Man Wounded.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 22, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Description from John D. Skilling

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06/22/1861

“Indians Killed on Hay Fork.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 22, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Collins’ captured old Indian who said Sa-win-na and sons responsible for killing woman at Larabee’s last February; troops killed Sa-win-na at Hay Fork

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06/25/1861

“Slaughtering Indians.” Nevada Democrat, June 25, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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06/25/1861

“More of the Indians.” Nevada Democrat, June 25, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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06/28/1861

“Indian Murders in Mendocino,” Sonoma County Journal, June 28, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

06/29/1861

“The Indian Campaign.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 29, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

06/29/1861

“Another White Man Murdered by Indians in this Country.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 29, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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06/29/1861

“Indian Agent.” Weekly Humboldt Times, June 29, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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July

 

07/02/1861

“Humboldt Indian War.” Nevada Democrat, July 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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07/05/1861

“Letter from Mendocino Coast,” Sonoma County Journal, July 5, 1861, p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

07/06/1861

“The Indian War in Humboldt.” Nevada Democrat, July 6, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

PDF

07/06/1861

“Attacked By Indians.” Nevada Democrat, July 6, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

07/06/1861

Folder F3753:581, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Seman Wright, elected Captain, Humboldt Cavalry Company, to Governor Downey asking for 50 rifles, 50 dragoon pistols, and accouterments for volunteer company to defend S.E. Humboldt County from Indians. Written in Eureka, July 6, 1861.

 

07/10/1861

Folder F3753:582, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from S.G. Whipple to Governor Downey telling him the company volunteers 3 month term is up on July 17. Recommends another 3 month term. Says if Feds. go, will need state troops – war not over. Says stories of brutalities not true. Written in Eureka, July 10, 1861.

 

 

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part. 2), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 304.

Butte Mounted Rifles, Fourth Brigade, Oroville, Butte County

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07/13/1861

“More Cattle Killed by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 13, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

07/13/1861

“Indian Expedition.” Weekly Butte Record, July 13, 1861: p. 1, col. 3.

 

PDF

07/13/1861

“Indian Agency Hunt” Trinity Weekly Journal, July 13, 1861, p. 3, col. 2.

 

PDF

07/13/1861

“Volunteers.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 13, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

Volunteers (30 assigned to 3 detachments of U.S troops) time of duty to expire next week;

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07/14/1861

Jno. P. Wentworth to William P. Dole, July 14, 1861, document no. 54 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 751-754 (1117).

Discusses southern superintendency in California, dissolution of Fresno Farm, and concentration of Indians on two reservations.

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07/15/1861

Folder F3753:583, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Humboldt County to Governor Downey asking him to authorize one or two volunteer companies to protect them as Feds. aren’t. Written in Humboldt County, July 15, 1861.

 

07/15/1861

Folder F3753:833, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Deposition of Jacob Greenbourne to E.B. Smith on conversations with Smith concerning when B. Nordheimer would arrive in San Francisco. Smith is alleged to have said that he wants to see Nordheimer to get him to subscribe, with others, a sum to help Smith defray costs in D.C. If no money, Smith would return in few months. Written in San Francisco, July 15, 1861.

 

07/15/1861

Geo. M. Hanson to William P. Dole, July 15, 1861, document no. 56 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 756-761 (1117).

Refers to kidnapping and indenture, troops at Round Valley and Klamath reservation.

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07/20/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 20, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

07/20/1861

“War Debt Commissioner.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 20, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

B. Nordheimer appointed Indian War Debt Commissioner by Governor Downey

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07/20/1861

“Citizens Killed in Round Valley,” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 20, 1861, p. 3, col. 2.

 

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07/24/1861

Folder F3753:584, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Humboldt County to Governor Downey to either get the CG, Division of Pacific, to send sufficient troops to protect them or for the Governor to authorize the raising of sufficient state troops (local) to do the job. Written in Eureka, July 24, 1861.

 

07/27/1861

“One of those startling tragedies…” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 27, 1861: p. 2, col. 2-3.

 

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07/27/1861

“From the War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 27, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Two parties of volunteers left Cooper’s mill July 23; another party of volunteers forming

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07/27/1861

More Murders by Indians! Attack Near Hydesville!” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 27, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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07/27/1861

“Meeting of the People of Humboldt Co. at the Courthouse in Eureka, Wednesday evening, July 24th, 1861, for the Purpose of taking Measures to Secure Protection to Life and Property of the Citizens of the County from Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, July 27, 1861: p. 2, col. 3-4.

Hon. A.J. Huestis, President; J.M Eddy, Jonathan Clark, Vice Pres.; L.M. Burson, Secretary; committee to draft resolutions: S.G. Whipple;, James Hanna,; John Vance; John Dolbeer; B, Van Nest; C.W. Long, Wm I. Reed; J.W. Dwyer; S. Cooper; W.H. Pratt; R.W. Brett.

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07/31/1861

Folder F3753:585, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.T. Ryan to Governor Downey reporting the killing a Cooper and his Indian employee by Indians and attack on Knight who was slightly wounded. Ryan says help has to come or the Humboldt citizens won’t pay taxes. Written in Eureka, July 31, 1861.

 

August

08/03/1861

“Indian Losses” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 3, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

PDF

08/03/1861

“Our Indian Troubles.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 3, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Hydesville raised $1,000 to send party to fight Indians

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08/03/1861

“Shot by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 3, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Man named Byron shot at Kellogg’s Diggings, Hay Fork; Sheriff Messic, Dr. Davis mentioned

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08/07/1861

William P. Dole to Dr. Elijah White, August 7, 1861, document no. 56 ½ of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 761-763 (1117).

Commissions White to suppress hostilities between whites and Indians and protect peaceable Indians along the coast.

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08/10/1861

“Indians Again.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 10, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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08/10/1861

“We learn that two hostile savages…” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 10, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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08/10/1861

“Promised Succor from Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 10, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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08/10/1861

“Domesticated Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 10, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Petition to send “domesticated” Indians to reservation

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08/10/1861

“Murdered by Indians.” Weekly Butte Record, August 10, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

 

PDF

08/11/1861

Folder F3753:586, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Hay Fork to Governor Downey asking for help against Indians. Say volunteers won’t serve unless paid. Written in Hay Fork, Trinity County, August 11, 1861.

 

08/15/1861

“The Indian War In Humboldt County.” Nevada Democrat, August 15, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Settlers forming to make war on Indians because of George Cooper’s death at Hydesville.

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08/17/1861

“Our citizens live in constant apprehension…” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 17, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

08/17/1861

“Still More Murders by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 17, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

08/17/1861

“Indian Murder in Shasta County.” Trinity Weekly Journal, August 17, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

PDF

08/17/1861

“Indian Matters.” Trinity Weekly Journal, August 17, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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08/17/1861

Folder F3753:587, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

News stories dealing with alleged Indian attacks on whites. Each story claims one or more men killed. Also piece on enrollment of mounted company of volunteers as of September 7, 1861. Written in Humboldt Times Newspaper, August 17 & 24, 1861.

 

08/19/1861

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part. 2), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 321.
AG Dead Office File, Row 4, File 5

Crescent City Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Del Norte County

PDF

08/19/1861

Item No.: B3413-2, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division

Crescent City Guard, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Crescent City, Del Norte County

 

08/20/1861

Folder F3753:588, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor John Downey to Brigadier General James T. Ryan, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia, stating that General E.V. Sumner, Company Commander, Pacific Division, refused to help fight Indians in vicinity of Eel River and Ryan is to raise 40 volunteers to protect settlers. Says only attack hostiles, don’t harm women and children. Written in Sacramento, August 20, 1861.

 

08/22/1861

“Indian Outbreak on Pitt River.” Nevada Democrat, August 22, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

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08/23/1861

“Killed by Indians.” Sonoma County Journal, August 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

08/24/1861

“More Indian Outrages; Abandonment of Fort Humboldt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 24, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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08/24/1861

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 24, 1861: p. 3, col. 1

 

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08/24/1861

“The Settlers Pest.” Trinity Weekly Journal, August 24, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

08/24/1861

“Indian Murders.” Trinity Weekly Journal, August 24, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

08/26/1861

Folder F3753:589, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J. Manheim to Brigadier General Wm. Kibbe, asking for help in collecting pay for service against Indians. Says wishes General in Humboldt County to lead 10-15 good boys against Indians use regiment of C.V. volunteers. States party returned with scalps – killed 30 Indians who had driven in all settlers. Written in Arcata, Humboldt County, August 26, 1861.

 

08/26/1861

Folder F3753:590, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Ryan, Company Commander, 6th Division, California Militia, to Governor Downey acknowledging order to raise volunteer company of 40 men for 3 months. Says will swear in on September 7. Sends clipping of further depredations by Indians says U.S. Army has 100 Indians with no way to feed and no authorization to put on reservation – agent in San Francisco asks Governor to get permission for POW’s to reservation. Written in Eureka, August 26, 1861.

 

08/26/1861

Folder F3753:834, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from R.J. Atkinson, Auditor, 3rd Auditor Office, War Department, to Sam B. Smith, Committee on California War Debt Board informing him that Atkinson cannot decide between Smith and Nordheimer as to legitimacy of office – that is up to California. Says regardless Smith or Denver can file papers so claims can be processed. Written in Washington, D.C., August 26, 1861.

 

08/27/1861

Folder F3753:836, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Sam B. Smith, Committee on California War Debt Board, to Governor Downey stating he did not recognize the Governor’s right to replace him on Board with Nordheimer and that he refused to give up post. Says Governor has caused long delay in settlement as issue must be settled in California Courts. Written in Washington, D.C., August 27, 1861.

 

08/27/1861

Folder F3753:837, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Sam B. Smith to B. Nordheimer notifying him that Smith did not recognize him as a replacement, or Governor Downey’s right to appoint him as such. Tells Nordheimer that he must seek redress in California Courts if he persists. Written in Washington, D.C., August 27, 1861.

 

08/27/1861

“Shot By Indians.” Nevada Democrat, August 27, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

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08/29/1861

“Massacre of Indians.” Nevada Democrat, August 29, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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08/29/1861

“Massacre of Immigrants.” Nevada Democrat, August 29, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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08/29/1861

“The Indian Reservations” by J. Ross Browne Sacramento Daily Union p. 6, col. 1 (reprinted from Harper’s Weekly)

 

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08/31/1861

“Indian Outbreak at Big Bar.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 31, 1861: p. 1, col. 4.

 

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08/31/1861

“The Indian War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 31, 1861: p. 2. col. 1.

Governor Downey has ordered company of volunteers, muster roll to be opened in Eureka.

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08/31/1861

“Still Another Murder by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, August 31, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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September

09/02/1861

Folder F3753:838, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from B. Nordheimer, Committee on California War Debt Board, to Governor Downey saying he has been generally recognized as one of two Committees and papers have been submitted to 3rd Auditor, War Department. Says Smith has sent back to California for a decision on it – asks further guidance. Written in Washington, D.C., September 2, 1861.

 

09/04/1861

“Indian Massacre.” Visalia Weekly Delta, September 4, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

09/06/1861

Folder F3753:591, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Telegram from Sheriff J.A. Messec and other county officials asking Governor Downey for authorization to raise own volunteer force to protect citizens from Indians. Says that a volunteer company in Humboldt won’t help as will only drive Indians to them. Written in Weaverville, September 6, 1861.

 

09/07/1861

“Volunteers for Humboldt.” Weekly Butte Record, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 5.

Governor ordered company of mounted riflemen

PDF

09/07/1861

“Volunteer Company.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 1

Muster roll for company of mounted riflemen opened today

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09/07/1861

“Indians Sent to the Reservation.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

People of Mattole Valley sent a large number of Indians to Mendocino Reservation under a guard of citizens.

PDF

09/07/1861

“Massacre of Immigrants by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 3

 

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09/07/1861

“Upper Mattole.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 6.

 

PDF

09/07/1861

“Still Another Murder by Indians.” Trinity Weekly Journal, September 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

PDF

09/09/1861

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part. 2), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 343.
No Material in AGO

Mounted Volunteers, Second Brigade, Humboldt County

 

09/09/1861

Mounted Volunteers . Item No.: B3409-3, 2nd Brigade

Mounted Volunteers, Second Brigade, Humboldt County

 

09/09/1861

Folder F3753:592, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General E.V. Sumner to Governor Downey replying to request for troops in Trinity County. Says if 25 men can protect them, they ought to be able to protect themselves. No troops to spare – has to send men to So. California. Written at Headquarters, Department of Pacific, San Francisco, September 9, 1861.

 

09/10/1861

“Murder By Indians.” Nevada Democrat, September 10, 1861: p. 1, col. 5.

 

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09/14/1861

“Horses Killed; Volunteers.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 14, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Volunteers mustered into service by Brig. Gen. Ryan; adopted name of Humboldt Home Guards; Officers: G.W. Work, Capt.; Green Wilkinson, 1st Lt.; James Brown, John P. Warren, 2nd Lt.; W.C. Martin, Commissary, Quarter Master; divided into 3 detachments.

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09/14/1861

“Indians at Fort Humboldt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 14, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

Indian at Ft. Humboldt to be transferred to Indian reservation at mouth of Klamath

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09/14/1861

“Near Drowning.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 14, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

09/14/1861

“Indian Troubles North.” Weekly Butte Record, September 14, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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09/14/1861

“Not Found.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 14, 1861: p. 4, col. 1.

 

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09/14/1861

“We are informed by a gentleman just from Humboldt” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 14, 1861: p. 1, col. 6.

 

PDF

09/18/1861

Folder F3753:593, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Sheriff Messec to Governor Downey mentioning a letter the Governor received from a General Sumner which evidently disparaged the citizens request for authority to form 25 man volunteer company. Messec says he and others knew they couldn’t get too much help – this amount would drive Indians off – not allow pursuit to mountains. Written in Weaverville, September 18, 1861.

 

09/21/1861

“Strayed or Stolen,” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 21, 1861, p. 3, col.2.

 

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09/21/1861

“Removal of Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 21, 1861, p. 3, col.1.

Large number of Indians were taken from Fort Humboldt by steam tug Mary Ann to Klamath reservation

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09/21/1861

“For the Mountains.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 21, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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09/21/1861

“Refreshingly Cool.” Trinity Weekly Journal, September 21, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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09/21/1861

“The Governor received the petition…” Trinity Weekly Journal, September 21, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

09/24/1861

“Daring Indian Attack on Hunter’s Cabin.” Nevada Democrat, September 24, 1861: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

09/25/1861

Secondary Sources only:
Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1988, 93.

Whiting, J.S. and Richard Whiting. Forts of the State of California. Lonview: Daily News Press, 1960, 78.

Fort Seward (Camp on Eel River) U.S. military post established on upper Eel River, 65 miles SE of Humboldt.
6th Infantry

 

09/26/1861

“Storming a Rancheria” Red Bluff Beacon, September 26, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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09/28/1861

“Indian Outrages.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 28, 1861: p. 1, col. 3.

 

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09/28/1861

“The Reported Massacre Near Goose Lake but a Joke!” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 28, 1861: p. 1, col. 6.

 

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09/28/1861

“Mail Station Attacked by Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 28, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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09/28/1861

“The Indian War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 28, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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09/28/1861

“Home Guards.” Weekly Humboldt Times, September 28, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Home Guards divided into 3 detachments: 1st Lt. Wilkinson with 18 men at Neal’s Ranch on Van Duzen; 2nd Lt. Warren with 17 men at head of Grouse Creek; 2nd Lt. Brown with 17 men headwaters of the Mattole.

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09/28/1861

“Indian Matters.” Trinity Weekly Journal, September 28, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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09/29/1861

Folder F3753:594, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Telegram from Neely Johnson to Governor Downey asking if force authorized for Humboldt County can be raised from 40 to 80 men. This would allow 40 to protect mail route in Mendocino County on way to Humboldt. Written in San Francisco, September 29, 1861.

 

09/30/1861

Folder F3753:595, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Downey to Brigadier General J.T. Ryan, 6th Division, California Volunteers, ordering him to increase the volunteer force in Humboldt County to 60 men and use them in all counties in North where Indian troubles are. Written in Sacramento, September 30, 1861.

 

October

10/05/1861

“Remodeling of Our Indian System.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 5, 1861: p. 1, col. 7.

 

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10/05/1861

“Indians vs. Mail.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/05/1861

“Enslaving the California Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 5, 1861, p. 2, col.2-3.

 

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“General Sumner Doubts.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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10/05/1861

“Second Trinity Volunteer Company,” Trinity Weekly Journal, p.2, col. 2

Capt. Charles Stewart Brooks opening recruiting office in Weaverville; California Volunteers

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10/05/1861

[Folder F3753:534, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Sworn deposition of Anderson Farley and John Wooden that they had heard of actions of Indians in Long Valley in September 1861 including attacks on whites and horse stealing. Written in Napa County, October 5, 1861.

 

10/07/1861

Folder F3753:596, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Downey to Brigadier General E.V. Sumner, Company Commander, Department of Pacific, asking for Cavalry Company for Long Valley in answer to petition from citizens of Napa and Trinity Counties. Says Indian Affairs are province of Federal government. Written in Sacramento, October 7, 1861.

 

10/08/1861

Folder F3753:532, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from citizens of Long Valley for protection from Indian raids. Written in Napa, October 8, 1861.

 

10/09/1861

Folder F3753:840, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Honorable Senator Oulton, State Senator, Siskiyou County, soliciting his support in the Legislature for an appropriation to pay Kibbe’s expenses for year in D.C. Asks for liberal appropriation. Written in Sacramento, October 9, 1861.

 

10/12/1861

Folder F3753:841, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from B. Nordheimer, Committee on California Indian War Debt Board to Governor Downey asking him to obtain muster rolls of Klamath and Humboldt War of 1855 and other vouchers from General Kibbe, Adjutant General. Written in Washington, D.C., October 12, 1861.

 

10/12/1861

“The Law for Indentures of Indians,” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 12, 1861, p. 2, col. 1.

“A law was passed by our Legislature in 1850 concerning the regulation and government of Indians…In 1860 the law was amended so as to allow the binding out of Indians taken as prisoners of war—the former act not permitting this…”

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10/10/1861

Jno. P.H. Wentworth to William P. Dole, October 10, 1861, document no. 55 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Sen. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 755-756 (1117).

Suggests establishing reservations on government-owned land instead of renting farms.

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10/17/1861

“The Indian Troubles in Shasta.” Red Bluff Beacon, October 17, 1861: p. 2, col. 6.

Citizen’s meeting held in Pine Grove, wants Indians removed from Chico to Pitt River before November 1.

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10/19/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 19, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

 

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10/19/1861

“From the War.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 19, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

Two Indian men killed, 11 Indian women and children taken prisoner

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10/19/1861

“Another Chance.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 19, 1861: p. 3, col. 3.

Governor approved 20 more volunteers, applications sought at Hydesville-Capt. Werk; Arcata-Major Martin.

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10/19/1861

“Indian Meeting.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 19, 1861: p. 3, col. 3.

Meeting held in Hydesville “to ascertain if it be the wish of the people of the county to get rid of the domesticate Indians, particularly those who have Indians bound to them. Also to provide for prisoners and attend to the removal of all vagrant natives.”

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10/19/1861

“Public Meetings.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 19, 1861: p. 2, col. 4 & 5.

Wm T. Olmstead, chair; E.L. Davis, secretary; committee to draft resolutions: Charles E. Parker; E.L. Davis; Wm White; Jas A. Harris; C.H. Hendee; R. Wiley.

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10/19/1861

The National Guard of California, 1849-1880 (Part. 2), Compiled with the Assistance of the Work Projects Administration from Records in the Adjutant General’s Office of California and the California State Library (Sacramento, 1940), 366-368.
AG Dead Office File, Row 3, File 6

Douglas City Rifles, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Douglas City, Trinity County

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10/19/1861

Item No.: B3414-2, Military Unit Designation: 5th Brigade, unattached Co.

Douglas City Rifles, Sixth Division, Second Brigade, Douglas City, Trinity County

 

10/19/1861

Folder F3753:839, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from A.J. Phelan, Clerk, Committee on California War Debt Board to Governor Downey asking for muster rolls for Klamath and Humboldt Expedition 1855. Says Kibbe took them with him when he left city. Written in Washington, D.C., October 19, 1861.

 

10/21/1861

“The Business of Kidnapping Indian Children,” Alta California, October 21, 1861, p.2, col. 1.

Slavery

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10/22/1861

“Indian Fight” Nevada Democrat, October 22, 1861, p. 2, col. 1.

Nome Cult Farm

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10/24/1861

“Indian Difficulties.” Red Bluff Beacon, October 24, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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10/26/1861

“The California Indian War Debt.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 26, 1861: p. 1, col. 6.

 

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10/26/1861

“Must Be Removed.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 26, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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10/26/1861

“Meeting at Hydesville this Evening.” Weekly Humboldt Times, October 26, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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10/26/1861

“Fight with the Indians” Placer Herald, October 26, 1861, p. 1, col. 6.

Nome Lackee, Nome Cult Farm, Round Valley

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10/31/1861

“Indian Outrages in Round Valley.” Nevada Democrat, October 31, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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November

 

11/02/1861

“Kidnapping.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 2, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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11/02/1861

“Terrible Retribution” Trinity Weekly Journal, November 2, 1861, p. 1, col. 4.

Nome Lackee

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11/02/1861

“Take Notice,” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 2, 1861, p. 3, col. 3.

Runaway Indian apprentice in Bucksport

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11/09/1861

Folder F3753:842, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to B. Nordheimer, Committee on War Debt Board stating he had given muster rolls for Klamath-Humboldt 1855 expedition to Clerk Phelan and has receipt. Says must be mislaid however Kibbe forwards another set. Written in Sacramento, November 9, 1861.

 

11/09/1861

“Public Meeting.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 9, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/09/1861

“Still at it Occasionally.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 9, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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11/14/1861

“$50 Reward. Lost! Two Indian Girls, One About Ten, the Other Fourteen Years Old.” Marysville Daily Appeal, November 14, 1861: p.2, col.4.

 

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11/16/1861

“Murders by Indians! – Horrible Mutilation of the Dead!” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 16, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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11/16/1861

“Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 16, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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11/16/1861

“Gathering Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 16, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

 

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11/16/1861

“Indian Battle” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 16, 1961, p. 1, col. 5

 

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11/16/1861

“Indian Depredations.” Weekly Butte Record, November 16, 1861: p. 4, col. 1.

 

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11/19/1861

“The Humboldt Indians…continue to steal beef cattle.” Marysville Daily Appeal, November 19, 1861: p.3, col.2.

 

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11/21/1861

Folder F3753:843, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Governor Downey stating he has forwarded requested papers to Nordheimer in D.C. and enclosing copy of letter. Written in Sacramento, November 21, 1861.

 

11/21/1861

“Vincent E. Geiger” Visalia Weekly Delta, November 21, 1861, p. 2, col. 2.

Nome Lackee

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11/22/1861

Folder F3753:843, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Jacob Greenbaum asking for more information via affadavit on actions of Committee of War Debt Board and Clerk while in San Francisco relative to their contacting bond holders (presumably for% of expected money for expenses) it will be appreciated. Says writes for Downey.
Written in Sacramento, November 22, 1861.

 

11/23/1861

“Coming to Town” Marysville Daily Appeal, November 23, 1861: p.3, col.1.

 

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11/23/1861

“From Capt. Ketchum’s Command.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

California Volunteers

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11/23/1861

“Battle with Indians! Charley Huestis Killed!; Pets.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 23, 1861: p. 3, col. 2.

Thief Camp, Redwood Creek, 200 Indians fought volunteers

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11/23/1861

“Another Chapter of Indian Barbarity.” Trinity Weekly Journal, November 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/23/1861

“Friend Gordon.” Trinity Weekly Journal, November 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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11/23/1861

“The Humboldt Indians.” Trinity Weekly Journal, November 23, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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11/26/1861

Folder F3753:597, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Walter Van Dyke to Governor John Downey stating Indians in North now have and use firearms. Must be removed to reservations. Says Colonel Whipple has volunteered to receive POW’s, those Indians who come in voluntarily, and will convey them to Klamath River Reservation, if agent will guarantee expenses. Written in Eureka, November 26, 1861.

 

11/27/1861

William P. Dole, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 27, 1861, Sen. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, pp. 624-650 (1117).

Relevant California items on pgs. 640-641, discusses indentures.

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11/27/1861

Folder F3753:845, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter and copy from Wm. Kibbe, Adjutant General, to Governor Downey explaining that War Bonds issued 1854-55 and due 1862 were not covered by Congressional appropriation. Explains what were and what were not in a rather sketchy way. Written in Sacramento, November 27, 1861.

 

11/30/1861

“Another Fight with Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 30, 1861: p. 2, col. 2-3.

 

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11/30/1861

“Indians Gathered.” Weekly Humboldt Times, November 30, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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December

 

 

 

12/01/1861

Folder F3753:535, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from James Woodman to Governor Downey asking help against Indians in Long Valley. Says a Major McGary ready to come to aid if gets order from the Commander in General. Written in Napa, December 1, 1861.

 

12/05/1861

“A lady residing on the Round Valley…” Visalia Weekly Delta, December 5, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

1,300 -1,400 Indians at Round Valley Indian Reservation destitute

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12/06/1861

Folder F3753:846, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from B. Nordheimer, Committee on California War Debt Board to Governor Downey outlining actions taken to get appropriated funds. Currently four clerks working over submitted paper work in auditor’s office. Says other Committee, General Denver, called to active duty. Written in Washington, D.C., December 6, 1861.

 

12/07/1861

“Humboldt Home Guards.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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12/07/1861

“Military.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 7, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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12/07/1861

“Gathering Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 7, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/07/1861

“The Indian Side of a War Question,” Marysville Daily Appeal, December 7, 1861, p. 2, col. 2.

Slavery

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12/09/1861

Folder F3753:598, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Downey to Brigadier General George Wright, Company Commander, Department of Pacific, asking for troops for Mendocino and Humboldt Counties. Says doesn’t want to call out stale volunteers – too expensive and they commit excesses – only did once where General Sumner said positively no troops available. Now there are plenty – send a few companies. Written in Sacramento, December 9, 1861.

 

12/12/1861

“Indian Agent Hansen” Visalia Weekly Delta, December 12, 1861, p. 3, col. 1.

Nome Cult Reservation

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12/12/1861

Folder F3753:599, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Brigadier General Wright, Company Commander, Department of Pacific, to Governor Downey acknowledging his request for troops to Humboldt and informing him he plans to send two or three companies to create a district there and to give the Company Commander power over all garrisons in area. Also will send company to Long Valley if needed. Written at Headquarters, Department of Pacific, San Francisco, December 12, 1861.

 

12/14/1861

“Indian Affairs.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 14, 1861: p. 2, col. 1-2.

 

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12/14/1861

“Indian Difficulties.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 14, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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12/14/1861

“Murders by Domestic Indians.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 14, 1861: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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12/20/1861

Folder F3753:847, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Hamilton G. Fant, Banking House of Sweeny, Rittenhouse, and Fant to General Wm. Kibbe in answer to his solicitation. Fant states what a great job Kibbe did in getting appropriation thru Congress to pay California War Debt. Says Kibbe should get at least 5% of money. Cites examples from other states. Written in Washington, D.C., December 20, 1861.

 

12/21/1861

“Volunteer Company,” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 21, 1861, p. 2, col. 2-3.

Humboldt Home Guards

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12/21/1861

“More Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 21, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/21/1861

“For the Reservation.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 21, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

Shipped 100 Indians to Klamath reservation on the steamer Columbia

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12/28/1861

“Indian Agent.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 28, 1861: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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12/28/1861

“Tar and Feathers.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 28, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/28/1861

“More Indian Depredations.” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 28, 1861: p. 3, col. 1.

 

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12/28/1861

“Small Pox.” Weekly Butte Record, December 28, 1861: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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12/28/1861

“Movement of Troops” Weekly Humboldt Times, December 28, 1861, p. 3, col. 2.

 

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12/31/1861

Geo. M. Hanson to William P. Dole, December 31, 1861, document no. 63 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 37 Cong., 3 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 457-460 (1157).

Refers to loss of crops, efforts to suppress Indians, slavery, kidnapping and repeal of indenture law.

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