1851 Timeline of California Indian and Government Relations Historical Primary Sources

Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event/Description

PDF Link

00/00/1851

O.M. Wozencraft [1851], “To the People Living and Trading Among the Indians in the State of California”.

To the People of California Proclamation Notice located in the National Archives.

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O.M. Wozencraft [1851], "To the People Living and Trading Among the Indians in the State of California", Sen. Ex. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 115-117 (688).


Notes the poor condition of the Indians and the acts of Whites as a result of the Gold Rush.


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01/01/1851

Indian Difficulties”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), January 1, 1851, p. 2, col. 2.

Critical of state government’s handling of Indian affairs. “Happily we have now among us two gentlemen, appointed by the government at Washington to settle all difficulties with the Indian tribes, and they will in conjunction with Maj. Barbour, when he shall have arrived (by next steamer)…”

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01/03/1851

Indian Disturbances”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), January 3, 1851, p. 2, col. 3.

Reports trouble between whites and Indians. “We hope that the presence of our full commission of Indian agents will have an effect of the most beneficial kind, and soon place the relations existing between the white men and aborigines on such a bases as the wants of the country and the rights of the respective parties demand. The poor Indian has rights—one, at least—the right of existence and subsistence.”

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01/06/1851

"The Indian Difficulties." San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 6, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


If any impediment to a lasting condition of peace between the two nations exits, it may safely be attributable to the unlawful and conscienceless treatment which they receive from some of the whites.”

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01/10/1851

"Another Indian Skirmish." Marysville Herald, January 10, 1851: p.3, col.1.


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01/12/1851

"Our Indian Relations." San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 12, 1851:p. 2, col. 3.

The Indian Commission is now complete and ready to proceed upon its duties. We announced the arrival of Col. McKee and Dr. Wozencraft a week or two since and Col. Barbour came by the last steamer. They are men fully impressed with the importance of their mission, fully competent, and possessing ample powers from the government. We hope our Governor and Legislature will throw no stumbling block in their way. The Indians have not been dealt justly by.”


Argues against aid for troops "to destroy the Indian tribes." Advocates "settlement and pacification of the Indians." Barbour; Adam Johnston;

McKee; Van Dieman, (?); Oliver Wozencraft.

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1851?

Folder F3753:771, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Orders to General Estell, Adjutant General, from Governor (Commander in Chief) directing him to be ready to accompany the U.S. Indian Commissioners to Clear Lake. Directs Estell to raise force, if necessary, in event of trouble but no more than needed, for no longer than needed. Location and date written unknown.


01/13/1851

R. McKee to Luke Lea, January 13, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 53-54 (688).

Reports the arrival of Wozencraft.


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01/14/1851

Address of the Indian Agents”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), January 14, 1851, p. 2, col. 2.


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01/14/1851

Governor’s Message,” Marysville Herald, January 14, 1851, p. 2, col. 1-2.

States that the Indian race must become extinct.

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01/15/1851

L. Lea to A.H.H. Stuart, January 15, 1851, in Employees—Indian Department. Letter from the Secretary of the Interior, Transmitting A list of persons employed, &c., H. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 5, Doc. 27, pp. 1, 11 (599).

Letter to A.H.H. Stuart; Includes annual statement of persons employed in Indian Department, including California Indian Commissioners.


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01/24/1851

"San Jose Intelligence, Special Correspondence." San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 24, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.


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01/24/1851

"The Indian Commissioners." San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 24, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.

Baldwin; Joseph McCorkle; McDougall; San Jose Argus (publication); Smith, (?); Oliver Wozencraft.

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01/25/1851

L. Lea to Adam Johnston, January 25, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 13-14 (688).

States that no payments will be made.


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01/28/1851

"The Indian Troubles." Sacramento Transcript, January 28, 1851: p. 3, col. 3.


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01/28/1851

Folder F3753:40, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from J. H. Phillips to Rogers outlining Indian attacks in vicinity and on mines on upper bars. Said several bodies found - need immediate help. Written at Johnson's Ranch, January 28, 1851.


01/29/1851

"Another Skirmish with the Indians; Six Killed -- A Number Wounded." Sacramento Transcript, January 29, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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01/29/1851

"The Indians in El Dorado." Sacramento Transcript, January 29, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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01/30/1851

"Our Indian Relations." Sacramento Transcript, January 30, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.

Editorial suggests fortifications along eastern frontier of state.

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01/31/1851

"Friday, January 24 [1851]. In Senate."Marysville Herald, January 31, 1851: p.1, col.4.


Reports that Maj. Wm. Rogers, Sheriff of El Dorado County, is authorized to organize militia; appropriation of $30,000 to suppress Indian hostilities in Mariposa County; call for a plan to carry on hostilities with Indians.

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02/01/1851

"The Commissioners." San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 1, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.


Discusses General Smith's "readiness to act promptly in case the Commissioners fail in their efforts to conciliate and form treaties with the Indians."

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02/01/1851

"[It is useless for the Times...]" Sacramento Transcript, February 1, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.



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02/04/1851

"Indian Commissioners." Marysville Herald, February 4, 1851: p.2, col.5.

Reports that an expedition will set out.

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02/05/1851

"Pitt's River Indians." San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 5, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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02/06/1851

"Indian Commission." Sacramento Transcript, February 6, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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02/07/1851

"California Legislature. Thursday, January 30 [1851]. In the Senate." Marysville Herald, February 7, 1851: p.1, cols.4-5.

Correspondence from Governor about Indian difficulties.

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02/10/1851

L. Lea to A.H.H. Stuart, February 10, 1851, in Indian Bureau. Letter from the Secretary of the Interior, Transmitting A communication relative to the re-organization of the office of Indian affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 5, Doc. 25, pp. 1-4 (599).

Discusses the reorganization of the Indian Department.


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02/11/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, February 11, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 54-56 (688).

States that the governor wishes to organize a militia to chastise the Indians in Mariposa.


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02/12/51

"The Indian Expedition." San Francisco Daily Alta California, February 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.


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02/17/1851

G.W. Barbour, Redick McKee, and O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, February 17, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 56-59 (688).

Notifies Lea of treaties with Indians near Stanislaus River and those in Mariposa County.


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02/22/1851

Folder F3753:41, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Rogers to Winn warning that Indians have renewed raids and something must be done at once. A postscript describes how one Francisco, went to an Indian camp, drank with them, and upon being accosted after departure killed one and wounded one. Written in Coloma, February 22, 1851.


02/25/1851

Folder F3753:43, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Winn to Governor John McDougal forwarding papers from Rogers relative to Indian troubles in El Dorado County. Suggests force of 100 men but defers to Governor's wishes. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, February 25, 1851.


03/01/1851

Governor McDougall to President Fillmore, March 1, 1851, document no. 8 of Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Doc. 1, pp. 138-140 (611).

Letter to President Fillmore, asking for him to approve gubernatorial command of the militias in California.

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03/01/1851

"Indian Expedition." San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 1, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.


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03/01/1851

Folder F3753:187, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Governor Mc Dougal to President Millard Fillmore asking for help (funds and/or arms-ammunition) to fight Indians. Doesn't want United States Army as they don't know how to fight Indians as well as California frontiersmen. Sends letter by Wm. Rodgers who can answer questions. Written at Executive Department, San Jose, March 1, 1851.


03/01/1851

Folder F3753:189, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Mc Dougal to Wm. Rodgers directing him to go to D. C. and take letter to President Fillmore and to acquaint President with problems. Written at Executive Department, San Jose, March 1, 1851.


1851

Folder F3753:188, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

List of documents accompanying a dispatch from Governor to President - the subject was Indian difficulties. (This was after the troubles in Mariposa and Los Angeles.) Written in San Jose, 1851.


03/05/1851

G.W. Barbour and O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, March 5, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 60-63 (688).

Reports on the meetings with chiefs and tribes in the San Joaquin Valley. Includes threat of annihilation if hostilities towards Whites persist.


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03/06/1851

George Ryer to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, March 6, 1851 [1852], Sen. Ex. Docs., 32nd Cong., 1st Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, pp. 18-19 (620).


Letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes extracts of a letter from Adam Johnston authorizing Doctor W.M. Ryer to vaccinate the Indians.

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03/07/1851

Adam Johnston to L. Lea, March 7 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 63-67 (688).

States desire to establish forts in San Joaquin to stop hostilities.


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03/08/1851

"Indian Expedition, Progress of the Commissioners -- Attack from the Indians -- Murder of Mr. Ward." San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 8, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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03/12/1851

"Indian Expedition -- Another Indian Massacre -- Discovery of Mr. Casserley's Body -- The Treaty." San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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03/13/1851

Persifer F. Smith, “Report of General Smith,” document no. 7 of Report of the Secretary of War, March 13, 1851, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Doc. 1, pp. 137-138 (611).

"Indian and Military Affairs in California." States that there is "no hope that peace will be maintained, for certain persons have determined that there shall be war" regardless of treaties.

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03/15/1851

Folder F3753:190, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter of transmittal from Mc Dougal to Speaker John Bigler, State Assembly conveying the information that he has requested help from President Fillmore in Indian wars. Evidently sent copies of letters to Fillmore and Rodgers to Bigler. Written in San Jose, March 15, 1851.


03/19/1851

Treaty M made at Camp Fremont by George W. Barbour, Redick McKee, Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 35-37.

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03/24/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, March 24, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 67-69 (688).

States that treaties have been made with six tribes and transmits copies of the treaty.


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03/25/1851

"The Indian Expedition." Sacramento Daily Union, March 25, 1851: p. 3. col. 2.

States treaty nearly completed with Indians 3/18/1851.

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03/25/1851

G.W. Barbour and Redick McKee to L. Lea, March 25, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 69-71 (688).

Describes treaty with Coconoon Indians near Mariposa & Indian - White hostilities.


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03/26/1851

"Postscript. By This Morning's Boat. Through Freeman & Co's Express. [The Indian Commissioners Have Concluded a Treaty." Sacramento Daily Union, March 26, 1851: p. 3, col. 1.


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04/05/1851

JNO McKee, transcription of the Journal of the United States Indian Commissioners for California, April 5-29, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 88-98 (688).

"Journal of United States Indian Commissioners for California"

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04/05/1851

The Indians,” Marysville Daily Appeal, April 5,1851, p. 2, col. 1.

Apprentice [suggests law to bind out Indian children to farmers]

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04/05/1851

"Postscript. By This Morning's Boat, Through Freeman & Co's Express." Sacramento Daily Union, April 5, 1851: p. 3, col. 1.


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04/11/1851

Adam Johnston to L. Lea, April 11, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 72-74 (688).

Reports trouble with Whites selling liquor to Indians and an attempted assault on an Indian woman.


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04/12/1851

L. Lea to Redick McKee, Geo. W. Barbour, O.M. Wozencraft, April 12, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 14 (688).

States that no additional compensation shall be received for creation of treaties.


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04/19/1851

"From the Indian Commission." San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 19, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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04/29/1851

Treaty N made at Camp Barbour by George W. Barbour, Redick McKee, Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 37-40.


This treaty was the second of the 18 treaties negotiated between United States Indian Commissioners/Agents, and California Indians from the period of March 1851 to January 1852. Around 500 Indians and their leaders convened along the San Joaquin River to negotiate with the federal representatives, O.M. Wozencraft, Redick McKee and George W. Barbour. The Treaty of Camp Barbour is the only treaty specifically recognizing that the signatory tribes at all times could hunt and gather acorns in valley lands up to the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains.


While the federal Indian commissioners attempted to negotiate this treaty, contemporary eyewitness accounts of militia personnel describe how the state sanctioned Mariposa Battalion intentionally destroyed acorn caches and oaks in order to starve the Indians into agreeing to sign the treaty and move from their ancestral lands. See Lafayette Houghton Bunnell, Discovery of the Yosemite, and the Indian War of 1851 Which Let to That Event, originally published in 1880, 4th ed.(1911) reprinted by the Yosemite Association in 1990, pps. 73-86.

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04/29/51

Treaty N made at Camp Barbour by George W. Barbour, Redick McKee, Wozencraft.

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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04/30/1851

C.M. Conrad to John McDougal, April 30, 1851, document 9 of Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Doc. 1, pp. 140-142 (611).

Letter to Gov. John McDougal denying his request for control of California militias.


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05/01/1851

"[The Troops Escorting the Indian Commissioners...]." Sacramento Daily Union, May 1, 1851: p. 2, col. 6.


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05/01/1851

Redick McKee, G.W. Barbour, and O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, May 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 74-76 (688).

States that a treaty has been made with sixteen tribes.


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05/03/1851

C.M. Conrad to E.A. Hitchcock, May 3, 1851, document no. 10 of Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Doc. 1, pp. 142-143 (611).

Letter to E.A. Hitchcock; Instructs Hitchcock to "act in concert" with Indian "Commissioners" in California.


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05/03/1851

"Battle with the Indians." Marysville Herald, May 3, 1851: p.3, col.1.


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05/06/1851

"From Reddings Springs." Sacramento Daily Union, May 6, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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05/08/1851

"From Redding's Springs." Sacramento Daily Union, May 8, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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05/10/1851

"Trinity Diggins, Near the Mouth of Weaver Creek, May 2, 1851." Marysville Herald, A.T., May 10, 1851: p.2, col.3.

Indian scalps

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05/12/1851

John C. Fremont to O.M. Wozencraft, May 12, 1851, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, p. 20 (825).

Letter to O.M. Wozencraft proposing beef supplies for Indians; Includes Wozencraft's authorization.


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05/13/1851

"Indian Murder in El Dorado County." Sacramento Daily Union, May 13, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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05/13/1851

Treaty A made at Camp Belt by George W. Barbour

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 12-14.

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05/13/1851

Treaty A made at Camp Belt by George W. Barbour

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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05/13/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, May 13, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 77-78 (688).

Transmits record of expenditures.

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05/13/1851

Redick McKee to Geo. W. Barbour, May 13, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 78-80 (688).

Encloses invoice for Indian goods.

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05/13/1851

Redick McKee to O.M. Wozencraft, May 13, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 80 (688).

Reports on the appropriation of funds.

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05/14/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, May 14, 1851, document no. 71 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 486-488 (636).


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05/14/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, May 14, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 82-84 (688).

Warns of the potential for a war with the Indians and reports on the policy adopted of placing Indians in reservations away from their easily defended mountain homes.


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05/14/1851

G.W. Barbour to L. Lea, May 14, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 81-82 (688).

Transmits a copy of the treaty entered into with 12 tribes in Southern California.

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05/15/1851

Redick McKee, G.W. Barbour, and O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, May 15, 1851, document 70 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 484-486 (636).

Letter to L. Lea; Commissioners report that a treaty was made and that they are splitting up.


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05/17/1851

"Major Rodgers." Sacramento Daily Union, May 17, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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05/19/1851

John C. Fremont to G.W. Barbour, May 19, 1851, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, pp. 39-40 (825).

Letter to G.W. Barbour; Proposes supply of livestock to support reservations.


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05/22/1851

L. Lea to Redick McKee, Geo. W. Barbour, O.M. Wozencraft, May 22, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 15-16 (688).

States that Congressional consent is necessary before a tribal delegation can be sent to Washington D.C.


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05/24/1851

"Mr. Editor: The Blood of the White Man Has Again Been Spilt..." Sacramento Daily Union, May 24, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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05/26/1851

Secondary Sources only:

Prucha, Francis Paul. A Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 91.


Whiting, J.S. and Richard Whiting. Forts of the State of California. Lonview: Daily News Press, 1960, 48-49.

U.S. Military post Fort Miller (Camp Barbour) established; abandoned 1856/57; re-garrisoned by California Volunteers in 1863.


05/26/1851

"News from the Seat of War." Sacramento Daily Union, May 26, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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05/27/1851

"Important from the Seat of War, Another Fight with the Indians -- Troops Retreating." Sacramento Daily Union, May 27, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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05/28/1851

"Further Particulars of the Battle with the Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, May 28, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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05/28/1851

Treaty E made at Dent and Vantine’s Crossings by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 20-23.

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05/28/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, May 28, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 84-85 (688).

Warns of war if funds for Calaveras Indians not received.

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05/28/1851

G.W. Barbour to J.C. Fremont, May 28, 1851, in Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 11th instant, copies of letters and vouchers in support of claims presented by and allowed to John C. Fremont, Sen. Exec. Docs., 34 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 16, Doc. 109, p. 30 (825).

Letter to J. C. Fremont; Discusses good faith contract to supply Indian reservations with livestock.


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05/29/1851

R. McKee to Luke Lea, May 29, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 85-88 (688).

States that insufficient funds have been granted for the stipulation for subsistence for tribes.


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05/29/1851

"Hostile Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, May 29, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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05/30/1851

"Correspondence of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, May 30, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.

Discusses Rogers' troops along South Fork of the American River.

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05/30/1851

Treaty B made at Camp Keyes by George W. Barbour

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 15-16.

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05/30/1851

Treaty B made at Camp Keyes by George W. Barbour

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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06/01/1851

W.M. Ryer to Adam Johnston, June 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, p. 19 (620).


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06/02/1851

"Official Dispatches. -- Indian War." Sacramento Daily Union, June 2, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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06/03/1851

"Latest News from the Seat of War." Sacramento Daily Union, June 3, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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06/03/1851

"Correspondence of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, June 3, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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06/03/1851

"[Mr. Editor -- The Force Under Colonel Rodgers...]" Sacramento Daily Union, June 3, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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06/03/1851

"Military Movements." Marysville Herald, June 3, 1851: p.2, col.5.


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06/03/1851

Treaty C made at Camp Burton by George W. Barbour

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920)., 17-18.

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06/03/1851

Treaty C made at Camp Burton by George W. Barbour

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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06/04/1851

R. McKee to O.M. Wozencraft, June 4, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 100 (688).

States that functions as commissioners are to cease.


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06/06/1851

"News from El Dorado." Sacramento Daily Union, June 6, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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06/06/1851

"[Mr. Editor -- Major Rogers with the Companies of Capt. Tracy and Puesland...]" Sacramento Daily Union, June 6, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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06/10/1851

"Correspondence of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, June 10, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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06/10/1851

Treaty D made at Camp Persifer F. Smith by George W. Barbour

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920)., 18-20.

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06/10/1851

Treaty D made at Camp Persifer F. Smith by George W. Barbour

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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06/11/1851

Adam Johnston and W. M. Ryer, Contract for vaccinations, June 11, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 199 (688).


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06/11/1851

Adam Johnston, Contract for services of Doctor William M. Ryer, June 11, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, p. 20 (620).


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06/12/1851

"Late from the Seat of War." Sacramento Daily Union, June 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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06/12/1851

"Interesting Interview at Stockton." Sacramento Daily Union, June 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.

Wozencraft

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06/17/1851

G. W. Barbour to E. D. Keyes, June 17, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 128 (688).

Releases military unit from escort duty.

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06/19/1851

"Dr. Wozencraft, the U.S. Indian commissioner..." San Diego Herald, June 19, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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06/20/1851

Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, June 20, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 100-101 (688).

Transmits the application, bond, and license of Savage and Vinsonhaler as traders.

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06/24/1851

Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, June 24, 1851, document no. 76 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 511-515 (636).


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06/24/1851

"Correspondence of the Daily Union." Sacramento Daily Union, June 24, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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06/24/1851

"The Northern Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, June 24, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.


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06/24/1851

Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, June 24, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 102-104 (688).

Consists of transmittal letter regarding trading licenses.

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06/24/1851

Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, June 24, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 104-108 (688).

States that Johnston exceeds his authority to secure beef sales and vaccinations for Indians in order to prevent them from leaving the reservations.


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06/25/1851

"Indian Murder and Robbery." Sacramento Daily Union, June 25, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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06/25/1851

Charles E. Mix to Redick McKee, June 25, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 17 (688).

States that $25,000 has been requested for holding treaties with California tribes.


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06/27/1851

Charles E. Mix to R. McKee, June 27, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 17-18 (688).

States agreement with plan to split state into three districts.

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06/30/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, June 30, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p.108-109 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


07/01/1851

W.M. Ryer to Adam Johnston, July 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, pp. 21-22 (620).

Letter to Adam Johnston; Includes receipt for medical services rendered by order of Adam Johnston.

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07/01/1851

W.M. Ryer to Adam Johnston, July 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 199 (688).

Reports progress of vaccinations.

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07/03/1851

"Arrival of Troops." Sacramento Daily Union, July 3, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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07/07/1851

Important from Trinidad- Attack by the Indians—Requisition on the Governor for Troops, Sacramento Daily Union, July 7, 1851, p. 2, co .3.


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07/10/1851

R. McKee to Th. Butler King, July 10, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 118-120 (688).

States disappointment that appropriation has not been forwarded.

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07/11/1851

T. Butler King to Redick McKee, July 11, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 120 (688).

Grants McKee a sum of $5000.

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07/12/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, July 12, 1851, document no. 72 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 488-493 (636).

Letter to Luke Lea; Includes enclosure entitled "To the people living and trading among the Indians in the State of California" that extracts laws dealing with trading with the Indians.

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07/12/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, July 12, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 112-114 (688).

Reports the conditions of Indians from Yuba to Mocalumne River.

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07/12/1851

"Treaty with the Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, July 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.

Weimar’s Ranch; Wozencraft

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07/12/1851

"[By the Subjoined Letter from Major Reading...]" Sacramento Daily Union, July 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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07/12/1851

"[My Dear Sir: -- To-day Brought Me in Receipt of Your Esteemed Favor...]" Sacramento Daily Union, July 12, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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07/14/1851

"Indian Hostilities in El Dorado County." Sacramento Daily Union, July 14, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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07/15/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, July 15, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 130-131 (688).

States need for funds to pursue government business.

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07/16/1851

Chas. E. Mix to Geo. Barbour, July 16, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 18-19 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


07/17/1851

A Trip to the Mountains…Fight with the Indians,”Marysville Daily Appeal, July 17, 1851, p. 2, col. 3-4.

Slavery

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07/18/1851

Treaty F made at Camp Union by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920)., 23-24.

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07/18/1851

Treaty F made at Camp Union by O.M. Wozencraft

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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07/18/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, July 18, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 120-122 (688).

States that treaties have been made with 10 tribes and gold has been found on the reservation between Yuba and Bear River.

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07/19/1851

"[Col. McKee, One of the U.S. Indian Commissioners...]" Sacramento Daily Union, July 19, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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07/22/1851

"Correspondence of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, July 22, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.


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07/23/1851

"From Marysville." Sacramento Daily Union, July 23, 1851; p. 2, col. 3.


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07/25/1851

"Editors of the Daily Union." Sacramento Daily Union, July 25, 1851; p. 2, col. 3.


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07/25/1851

"Letter from Major Reading." Sacramento Daily Union, July 25, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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07/26/1851

"Major Reading." Sacramento Daily Union, July 26, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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07/26/1851

Folder F3753:201, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Governor Mc Dougal to Brigadier General Winn stating that Mc Dougal has already asked General Hitchcock for help to protect emigrants and residents of Siskiyou County. Written at the Attorney General's Office, Vallejo, July 26, 1851.


07/27/1851

Folder F3753:191, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Governor John Mc Dougal to R. Romen, California State Treasurer - directing him to negotiate the war bonds to be sold to raise money to pay troops engaged in fighting Indians. Obviously, second or more times Romen has been directed. Written, Executive Department, Vallejo, July 27, 1851.


07/28/1851

"[Dear Sir: -- I Didn't Get Time to Write You Yesterday As I Intended about the Treaty...]" Sacramento Daily Union, p. 2, col. 3.


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07/28/1851

G.W. Barbour to Luke Lea, July 28, 1851, document no. 73 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 493-498 (636).

No document, citation only.


07/28/1851

G.W. Barbour to L. Lea, July 28, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 122-127 (688).

Describes area Indians, treaties, and the decimation of Valley tribes.

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07/29/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, July 29, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 128-130 (688).

States that no satisfactory estimate of the amount of appropriations required for the treaties can be formed.


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07/31/1851

"Correspondence of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, July 31, 1851: p. 2, col. 5.


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07/31/1851

W.M. Ryer, Receipt for medical services rendered per Adam Johnston, July 31, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, p. 22 (620).


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August 1851

John McKee, “Minutes kept by John McKee, on the Expedition from Sonoma through Northern California, August 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 134-178 (688).

Minutes Kept by John McKee, Secretary, on the Expedition From Sonoma, through Northern California.

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08/01/1851

Treaty G made at Bidwell’s Ranch by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920)., 25-26.

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08/04/1851

Adam Johnston to General Hitchcock, August 4 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 200 (688).

Requests that troops be put under Johnston's command.

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08/07/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, August 7, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 131-134 (688).

Disapproves of plan to send a delegation of Indians to Washington.

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08/09/1851

Chas. E. Mix to Redick McKee, August 9, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 19-20 (688).

Requests that communications be sent to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

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08/12/1851

Chas. E. Mix to Adam Johnston, August 12, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 21 (688).

Approves of employing a physician for the Indians, furnishing additional subsistence, and licensing traders.

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08/16/1851

"Fight with Indians -- Two Killed, Fifty-three Captured." Sacramento Daily Union, August 16, 1851: p. 2, col. 2


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08/16/1851

Treaty H made at Reading’s Ranch by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 26-28.

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08/16/1851

Treaty H made at Reading’s Ranch by O.M. Wozencraft

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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08/17/1851

Folder F3753:192, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Editor, Placer Times and Transcript to Secretary of State, California, W. Van Voorhies, requests copy of correspondence between Secretary of State and U. S. Pacific Division, Military Command supposedly discussing request by military to Governor for troops to assist in moving mines and others from newly declared Indian Reservation by U. S. Indian Commissioners. Written in Sacramento, August 17, 1851.


08/18/1851

Chas. E. Mix to Adam Johnston, August 18, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 21-22 (688).

States that a trading license has been granted to Dent, Vantine & Co.

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08/19/1851

Redick McKee to E.A. Hitchcock, August 19, 1851, Sen. Ex. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 359-360 (688).

Consists of further disagreement regarding any impropriety in the buying and selling of beef.

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08/20/1851

Treaty O made at Camp Lu-pi-yu-ma by Redick McKee

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 41-43.

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08/20/1851

Treaty O made at Camp Lu-pi-yu-ma by Redick McKee

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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08/22/1851

Treaty P made at Camp Fernando Felize by Redick McKee

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 43-45.

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08/22/1851

Treaty P made at Camp Fernando Felize by Redick McKee

Manuscript copy at the National Archives

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08/31/1851

W.M. Ryer, Receipt for medical services rendered per Adam Johnston, August 31, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, pp. 22-23 (620).


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09/02/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, September 2, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 180 (688).

States that the pacification of and the providing for the Indians in Wozencraft's region will be complete within the month.

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09/021851

"Editors of the Union." Sacramento Daily Union, September 2, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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09/04/1851

"Personal." Sacramento Daily Union, September 4, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.

Barbour states Indians and whites are observing treaties

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09/05/1851

"Correspondence of the Daily Union." Sacramento Daily Union, September 5, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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09/09/1851

Treaty I made at Camp Colus by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 28-29.

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09/12/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, September 12, 1851, document no. 74 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 498-503 (636).


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09/12/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, September 12, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 181-187 (688).

Reports the poor condition of coastal tribes and proposes a reservation for them near Napa Valley.

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09/13/1851

"The Indian Commission." Alta California, September 13, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.


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0916/1851

"[The Indians in all the northern country...]" Sacramento Daily Union, September 16, 1851: p. 2, col. 3.


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09/15/1851

Lea to Wozencraft, September 15, 1851, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 23 (688).

No copy of Document; citation only.


09/18/1851

Redick McKee to E.H. Howard, K. Dobbins, and N.A. Dupern, September 18, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 214-215 (688).

States that no formal treaty was made with the Indians on Eel river due to the absence of interpreters.

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09/18/1851

Treaty J made at Fork of the Consumnes River by O.M. Wozencraft

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 30-31.

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09/23/1851

"Movements of Dr. Wozencraft." Sacramento Daily Union, September 23, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.


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09/26/1851

W.M. Ryer to Adam Johnston, September 26, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, pp. 23-26 (620).

Letter to Adam Johnston; Reports on medical conditions of Indians and difficulties of vaccinating them and includes a receipt for payment, affirmed by Adam Johnston, September 30, 1851.

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09/26/1851

W. M. Ryer to Adam Johnston, September 26, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 200-203 (688).

Reports the medical condition of the Indians.

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09/30/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to L. Lea, September 30, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 187-190 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


10/03/1851

R. McKee to Charles E. Mix, October 3, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 191-192 (688).

Reports difficulty in arranging a meeting with the Indians in the Klamath area.

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10/04/1851

Redick McKee to Charles E. Mix, October 4, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 192-193 (688).

Consists of treaty details.

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10/06/1851


Treaty Q made at Camp Klamath and Camp Cor-a-tem by Redick McKee

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 45-48.

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10/06/1851


Treaty Q made at Camp Klamath and Camp Cor-a-tem by Redick McKee

Manuscript copy in the National Archives

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10/07/1851

Redick McKee to Charles E. Mix, October 7, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 194-195 (688).

Reports the conclusion of treaties with twenty-four tribes in the Klamath / Trinity region.

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10/08/1851

Redick McKee to Morris S. Thompson, October 8, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 216 (688).

Assigns interpreter the task of contacting the remaining tribes not involved in the Klamath area treaty.

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10/08/1851

Adam Johnston to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, October 8, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 195-198 (688).

Explains actions taken without authority and reports difficulties with miners.

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10/08/1851

R. McKee, “To all Whom it May Concern,” October 8, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 215-216 (688).

Announces conclusion of peace treaty. Urges a cease to all White-on-Indian hostilities to prevent further violence. States that whites can be prosecuted for killing an Indian.

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10/10/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, October 10, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 203 (688).

States desire to be appointed superintendent of Indian affairs.

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10/12/1851

McKee to C.W. Durkee, October 12, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 216-217 (688).

Instructs Durkee to distribute goods to tribes in his area.

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10/14/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, October 14, 1851, document no. 75 of Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 504-511 (636).

Letter to Luke Lea; Discusses several treaties, including one made by an agent of the State of California.

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10/14/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, October 14, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 203-211 (688).

Describes the cultures of the California Indians.


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10/18/1851

"Important Intelligence from the California Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, October 18, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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10/28/1851

E. A. Hitchcock to C.M. Conrad, October 28, 1851, document IV of the Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., Vol. 2, Doc. 1, p. 29 (659).

Letter to C.M. Part of Exhibit IV, "Reports from the Pacific Division -- California and Oregon," in "Report of the Secretary of War," December 4, 1852.

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10/28/1851

Redick McKee to C.E. Mix, October 28, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 211-214 (688).

Consists of report of Klamath / Scott's Valley area.

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November/

December 1851

Redick McKee, Journal of Redick McKee, November-December, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 178-180 (688).

Journal of Redick McKee: November 6, 1851 - December 29, 1851.

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11/01/1851

D.H. Lowry to C. Meegan, November 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 226-227.

Summarizes Shasta Butte City meeting regarding an Indian - White fishing dispute.

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11/04/1851

Treaty R made at Camp in Scott’s Valley by Redick McKee

Printed in Indian Tribes of California, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920), 49-52.

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11/04/1851

B.H. Johnson, M.H. Hoagland, F.H. McKinney, and J.H. Creel to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 4, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 278-279 (688).

Requests government appropriations to cover settler relocation costs.

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11/05/1851

"Mortality Among the Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, November 5, 1851: p. 2, col. 1.


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11/08/1851

"From Scott's River -- The Indians." Sacramento Daily Union, November 8, 1851: p. 2, col. 2.


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11/14/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, November 14, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 218-219 (688).

Reports on conditions of reservations. Urges speedy passage of treaty.

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11/15/1851

R. McKee to C. E. Mix, November 15, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 219-224 (688).

Summarizes treaties with the Upper Klamath, Shasta, & Scott's Valley tribes and lists number of villages for each.

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11/18/1851

"Murder on Feather River." Sacramento Daily Union, November 18, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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11/27/1851

L. Lea, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 27, 1851, H. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 2, Doc. 2, Pt. 3, pp. 265-277 (636).


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11/29/1851

"From the Interior." Sacramento Daily Union, November 29, 1851: p. 2, col. 4.


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11/29/1851

C.M. Conrad, Report of the Secretary of War, November 29, 1851, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Doc. 1, pp. 105-116 (611).



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12/01/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, December 1, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 218-229 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


12/03/1851

O.M. Wozencraft to Luke Lea, December 3, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 229-230 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


12/03/1851

Adam Johnston to A.H.H. Stuart, December 3, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in answer to a resolution of the Senate, a report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs relative to debts contracted by Indian agents in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 9, Doc. 61, pp. 11-13 (620).


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12/04/1851

Adam Johnston to A.H.H. Stuart, December 4, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 233-234 (688).

States reasons for the lack of timely reports.

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12/08/51

Joint Resolutions of the Legislature of California in relation to the placing of troops along the borders, and the erection of forts in California for the protection of the citizens of that State, Referred to the Committee on Military Affairs December 8, 1851, Sen. Misc. Docs., 32 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 3, p. 1 (629).

No copy of document; citation only.


12/08/1851

Folder F3753:193, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from A. W. Smith (?) to Governor Mc Dougal transmitting petition (missing) and asking favorable consideration. Written at Coloma, December 8, 1851.

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12/17/1851

G.W. Barbour to Luke Lea, December 17, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 234-235 (688).

Reports progress of trip to Washington D.C.

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12/23/1851

Luke Lea to G.W. Barbour, December 23, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 23-24 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.


12/26/1851

Folder F3753:194, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives. http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/94/tf4779n694/files/tf4779n694.pdf

Letter from Adam Johnston to Governor John Mc Dougal answering the Governor's request for estimate of Indian population of California, also gives Johnston's version of Indian culture from his observations. Written at San Joaquin Valley, Merced Indian Reservation, December 26, 1851.


12/29/1851

Redick McKee to Luke Lea, December 29, 1851, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 235-236 (688).

Reports McKee's return from his northern California expedition.

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12/29/1851

Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, December 29, 1851, Sen. Ex. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 236-239 (688).

Transmits claim against the Indians of the San Joaquin valley.

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