Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

January

 

 

01/31/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, January 31, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 34-36 (688).

Reports on the condition of Indians on ranches and on the unlawful seizure of mission lands.

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February

 

02/16/1850

“$250 Reward.” Placer Times, February 16, 1850, p. 3, col. 2.

Refers to unprovoked murder of Indians.

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March

03/__/1850

California State Legislature, Senate Bill No. 54 entitled An Act Relative to the Protection, Punishment and Government of Indians; California Secretary of State, California State Archives, Original Bill File Chapter 133, Location: E6553, Box 1.

John Bidwell, a member of the first party of American emigrants to travel overland to California in 1841 (Bidwell-Bartleson Party), authored this document. In Bidwell’s absence, and at his request, the first President pro Tempore of the Senate, Ephraim Chamberlin introduced the bill for consideration on March 16, 1850. Bidwell’s proposal created a system of Justices of the Peace for Indians (elected by the Indians) to decide issues about land possession, various disputes between whites and Indians (and related punishments), and white custody and control of Indian minors. The bill explicitly permitted Indians and their descendents to reside at their “village sites where they…lived from time immemorial.” The bill continued to recognize the Indians’ rights to hunt, fish and gather seeds and acorns. The bill met the fate of being indefinitely postponed, and died in Senate chambers on March 30, 1850.

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03/01/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, March 1, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 36-37 (688).

Reports observations of Indians in Sacramento region & of land fraud.

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03/11/1850

“The Indians — Their Enemies.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 1., Napa Valley; Sonoma Valley

Kelsey, Clear Lake

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03/11/1850

“Correspondence of the Alta California.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Kelsey, Clear Lake

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03/16/1850

“The Recent Outrages upon the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 16, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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03/19/1850

“The Indian Outrages in Napa Valley.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 19, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Kelsey, Clear Lake

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03/22/1850

Thomas Butler King to John M. Clayton, “T. Butler King’s Report on California,” March 22, 1850, in T. Butler King’s Report on California. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting The report of T. Butler King, esq., heretofore appointed bearer of dispatches and special agent to California, H. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 8, Doc. 59, pp. 1-32 (577).

 

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April

 

04/05/1850

“Riot with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, April 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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04/08/1850

“Another Outrage upon the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

Deer Creek; Ebben, Bill; Sacramento Transcript (publication)

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04/10/1850

William Carey Jones, “Report on the Subject of Land Titles in California,” April 10, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior Communicating A copy of the report of William Carey Jones, special agent to examine the subject of land titles in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 18, pp. 1-35 (589).

 

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04/12/1850

“Difficulties with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, April 12, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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04/22/1850

An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. Chapter 133, 1850 Statutes of California.

This law was originally introduced as Assembly Bill No. 129, authored by Elam Brown, a delegate to the California Constitutional Convention of 1849 and elected to represent San Jose in the Assembly. While the final law resembles concepts in John Bidwell’s bill, significant provisions were left out of the version that Governor Peter Burnett signed, including the continued right to gather acorns.

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04/26/1850

“Legislative Proceedings.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 26, 1850: p. 3, col. 2.

Refers to a bill “for the protection and government of Indians.”

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May

 

05/11/1850

“Indian Difficulties.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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05/20/1850

“The Indians.” Placer Times, May 20, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Refers to militia expeditions at Deer Creek and Johnson’s Ranch.

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05/22/1850

N. Lyon to E. R. S. Canby, May 22, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 81-83 (587).

Letter to Major E.R.S. Canby describing the campaign against Indians around Clear Lake (Bloody Island Massacre of 1850).

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05/23/1850

J.A. Sutter to Orlando Brown, May 23, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 37 (688).

Declines offer to become a sub-Indian agent.

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05/23/1850

“Indian Troubles.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 23, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

Mentions Deer Creek and “war of extermination” against Indians.

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05/25/1850

Persifer F. Smith to Irvin McDowell, May 25, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, No. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 75-81 (587).

Letter to Captain Irvin McDowell, Asst. Adj. General describing campaign against Clear Lake tribes & missions. Mentions treaties, p.80.

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05/25/1850

“The Diggings — Indian Difficulties.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

 

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05/28/1850

“Horrible Slaughter of Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Kelsey, Clear Lake

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05/29/1850

“Our Indian Policy”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), May 29, 1850, p. 2, col. 1.

“there will then be safety only in a war of extermination, waged with relentless fury far and near. The mining lands must be wrested from the river tribes, and the natives forced to flee into the mountains.”

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05/29/1850

“Indian Affairs”, Placer Times, May 29, 1850, p. 2, col. 1.

Gen.Thomas J. Green treaty or terms of truce with the Indian tribes on the Yuba and Bear Rivers. “This is a movement in the right direction…Gen. Green leaves immediately for Washington City, and will represent the state of Indian affairs to the President, and w may soon look for a satisfactory and peaceful adjustment of the difficulties which now embarrass our relations with the aborigines of California.” Contains text of treaty

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05/30/1850

Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850, p. 2, col. 3-4.

Same text as above

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05/30/1850

“The Murder of Holt by the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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05/30/1850

“The Napa Indian Disturbances.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

Specifically mentions an expedition “with orders to proceed against the Clear Lake Indians, and exterminate if possible the tribe.”

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05/30/1850

“Treaty with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/31/1850

“ Indian Fight and Treaty”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), May 31, 1850, p. 2, col. 2.

Reprint of 5/29 Placer Times article; includes editor comments that the treaty is a “movement in the right direction.”

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June

06/01/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Discusses expedition of United States’ forces.

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06/03/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 3, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

 

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06/03/1850

“The Clear Lake Indian Massacre.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 3, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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06/08/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

 

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06/27/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

Refers to military expedition.

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July

 

07/06/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, July 6, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 38-42 (688).

Describes difficulties with treaty making, White depredations against Indians, and use of Indian labor.

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August

 

08/18/1850

“From the Klamath.” Alta California, August 18, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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September

 

09/09/1850

 

California becomes thirty-first (31st ) state of the United States.

 

09/13/1850

“The Kelseys and the Indians.” Alta California, September 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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09/15/1850

Adam Johnston, September 15, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 42-43 (688).

Transmits statement of accounts.

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09/16/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, September 16, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 43-45 (688).

Reports on conditions, lifestyles and troubles of Indians around Sacramento Valley.

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09/17/1850

“The Kelseys and the Indians.” Marysville Herald, September 17, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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October

 

10/15/1850

A.S. Loughery to Redick McKee, Geo. Barbour, O.M. Wozencraft, October 15, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 8-9 (688).

Suspends appointment as agents; appoints them as commissioners.

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10/18/1850

“Battle with Indians” Marysville Herald, October 18, 1850, p.2, col.5.

Klamath, Van Duzen

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10/25/1850

“Battle” Marysville Herald, October 25, 1850, p.2, col.5.

 

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10/25/1850

Folder F3753:9, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Peter H. Burnett to William Rogers, Sheriff, El Dorado City, ordering him to raise 200 men, elect a company commander, punish Indians in vicinity of Ringgold, and protect settlers on trail from Salt Lake to California. Written in Sacramento, October 25, 1850.

 

10/26/1850

G.W. Barbour to A.H.H. Stuart, October 26, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 46-47 (688).

Accepts position as commissioner to hold treaties with Indian tribes.

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10/26/1850

O.M. Wozencraft to A.S. Loughery, October 26, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 47 (688).

Accepts position as commissioner to hold treaties with Indian tribes.

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10/26/1850

R.McKee to A.S. Loughery, October 26, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 46 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/28/1850

Folder F3753:10, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Rogers, Sheriff, to Brigadier General Winn reporting compliance with Governor’s order to raise 200 men to fight Indians. Written at Camp Hall, October 28, 1850.

 

10/28/1850

Folder F3753:11, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Sheriff Wm. Rogers reports scouting activities and engagement by Lieutenant Commander McKenney and 16 men with 150 to 200 Indians on the banks of a deep canyon on North branch of McCosumes (sic). Written at Camp Hall, October 29, 1850. 1 page plus 1 enclosure. McKenney’s report claims 3 Indians killed and many wounded. (Sly Park, October 28, 1850).

 

10/28/1850

“State of Indian Hostilities in Trinity County.” Sacramento Transcript, October 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Citizens petition governor for volunteers.

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November

 

11/01/1850

Folder F3753:12, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Muster roll of Company D, First Register of Volunteers – enlisted November 1, 1850. Captain Robert H. Porter, Company Commander. Written November 1, 1850.

 

11/01/1850

R.McKee to A.S. Loughery, November 1, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 48 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:14, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Major E.W. Boone, Acting Company Commander of McKenney’s Company. States another brief engagement resulted in one Indian killed, McKenney dangerously wounded. Indians escaped and Boone couldn’t follow due to rough terrain. Written at Camp Consumnes, November 4, 1850.

 

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:15, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.L. Johnson, Adjutant, hand carried by Captain Stewart to Brigadier General Winn. Informal report informing Winn, formal report follows and that another man was lost.

 

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:16, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Rogers to Winn telling of five hour battle between 10 of his men and one hundred and fifty Indians on November 3. Fifteen Indians killed, two soldiers killed, one a Delaware, Fremont’s scout. Captain Allison dangerously wounded. Will put uprising down. Written at Headquarters, Johnson Ranch, November 4, 1850.

 

11/05/1850

“Indian Difficulties.” Marysville Herald, November 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

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03/07/1850

Folder F3753:18, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Graham to Brigadier General Winn forwarding his plan on how to protect citizens from depredations during rainy season. Also requesting a Captaincy if his suggested forces are raised. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, March 7, 1850.

 

11/07/1850

Folder F3753:19, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers acknowledging his dispatch via Captain Stewart. Tells Rogers to use own judgment until he gets word from Governor. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 7, 1850.

 

11/07/1850

Folder F3753:20, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Governor Burnett with dispatches (missing). Winn requests orders, says his (Winn’s) staff unwilling to act as not commissioned. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 7, 1850.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:17, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Muster roll of Company C, El Dorado County Detachment, Captain L.B. Manson, Company Commander. Written November 8, 1850.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:21, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from J.C. Johnson, Adjutant, to Winn reporting Boone’s election to fill Lieutenant Commander vacancy caused by McKenney’s death. Also election of Captain Reed, Company B to Major slot vice Boone. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, November 8, 1850.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:22, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Surgeon S.M. Slaughter on sick status of men to Rogers. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, November 8, 1850.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:23, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Wm. Graham to Rogers stating Graham was elected Captain in Boone’s Company. Reports
strength of 25 men in Company, including five Delawares. Written at Headquarters, November 8, 1850.

 

11/09/1850

R. McKee to Luke Lea, November 9, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 49-50 (688).

Requests more funds for commissioners.

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11/11/1850

Folder F3753:24, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Governor Burnett. Awaits requested guidance, Rogers there asking for instructions, Winn appalled at expenses – estimates $3,500 per day for month or more. California doesn’t have money and suggests disband and reorganize into 100 men unit run militarily. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 11, 1850.

 

11/13/1850

Folder F3753:25, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Burnett to Winn enclosing orders (missing) for Rogers. (sent by express) Written in San Jose, November 13, 1850.

 

11/15/1850

Folder F3753:26, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Burnett to Winn again enclosing orders for Rogers (sent by mail). Written in San Jose, November 15, 1850.

 

11/15/1850

Folder F3753:27, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Burnett to Rogers directing him to reduce to 100 men and terminate as soon as possible. Roger’s discretion but keep expenses down. (enclosure to letter to Winn) Written in San Jose, November 15, 1850.

 

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:28, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers advising him to wind war down soon if can’t get Indians to stand and fight – stresses expense. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

 

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:29, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers explaining that Lieutenant Commander and Major elected recently were don so illegally and that Roger’s commission as Battalion Company Commander is Major not Colonel asks for complete accounting of all officers (this is enclosure to Winn’s November 25 letter). Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

 

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:30, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Major J. H. Kelly to Winn reports as directed on Roger’s handling of situation. Enlistments expiring soon – outlines disposition of each Company and some officers. Written in Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

 

11/26/1850

“Arrival of the California.” Marysville Herald, November 26, 1850: p.2,
cols.3-5.

Reports that Congress authorizes Indian Agents for California; Appoints McKee, Barbour, and Wozencraft to newly created posts.

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11/27/1850

L. Lea, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 27, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 1, pp. 35-46 (587).

 

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11/29/1850

L. Lea to R. McKee, November 29, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 13 (688).

States that funds for the purchase of firearms can not be granted.

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11/30/1850

C.M. Conrad, Report of the Secretary of War, November 30, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 3-12 (587).

 

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December

 

12/02/1850

Alex H.H. Stuart, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, December 2, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 1, pp. 19-34 (587).

Report of the Secretary of the Interior; Discusses the California Treaty Commission on p. 29.

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12/03/1850

“The Last Orders.” Marysville Herald, December 3, 1850: p.2, col.5.

Reports that General Winn directed Col. Rogers to bring the Indians to terms.

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12/06/1850

R. McKee to Luke Lea, December 6, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 52-53 (688).

Reports that a conflict occurred in the area of Weaver Creek.

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12/10/1850

Folder F3753:37, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Rogers to Winn reporting unit already disbanded prior to receiving Governor’s reduction order. Cites imminent approach to rains as reason. Written in Placerville, December 10, 1850.

 

12/24/1850

Folder F3753:38, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

An account rendered by B. F. Clark for services as express rider and aid to Major Wm. Rogers for 49 days for self and one horse while a member of 1st Battalion, California Volunteers, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division. Affidavit attached and certification of service from Rogers. Notations on back of account indicates Board of War Examiners rejected claim. Written in Yuba County, December 24, 1850.

 

n.d.

Folder F3753:39, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from Rogers to State Legislature requesting they verify his accounts for war, pay suppliers, and his officers and men. Location and date written not known.

 

 

 

 

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