Date

Citation – Primary Source

Event / Description

PDF_LINK_PHOTO_W_ICON

January

01/09/1850

“Doings of the Legislature; Assembly.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 4, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

01/23/1850

Letter from Sylvester Woodbridge, Jr. to Zachary Taylor, January 23, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Describes Indians in the Sierra Nevada starving and killed for seizing cattle and horses because of hunger.

PDF

01/25/1850

“Troops for California.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, January 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.
California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“We learn from our recent exchanges that Col. Magruder, U.S. I. [Infantry], stationed at Fort McHenry, has been ordered with his command to Californa.”

PDF

01/31/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, January 31, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 34-36 (688).

Reports on the condition of Indians on ranches and on the unlawful seizure of mission lands.

PDF

01/31/1850

Letter from Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, January 31, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter announcing Johnston’s arrival, the conditions of Indians and mission lands.

PDF

 

February

 

02/16/1850

“$250 Reward.” Placer Times, February 16, 1850, p. 3, col. 2.

Refers to unprovoked murder of Indians.

PDF

 

March

03/__/1850

California State Legislature, Senate Bill No. 54 entitled An Act Relative to the Protection, Punishment and Government of Indians; California Secretary of State, California State Archives, Original Bill File Chapter 133, Location: E6553, Box 1.

John Bidwell, a member of the first party of American emigrants to travel overland to California in 1841 (Bidwell-Bartleson Party), authored this document. In Bidwell’s absence, and at his request, the first President pro Tempore of the Senate, Ephraim Chamberlin introduced the bill for consideration on March 16, 1850. Bidwell’s proposal created a system of Justices of the Peace for Indians (elected by the Indians) to decide issues about land possession, various disputes between whites and Indians (and related punishments), and white custody and control of Indian minors. The bill explicitly permitted Indians and their descendents to reside at their “village sites where they…lived from time immemorial.” The bill continued to recognize the Indians’ rights to hunt, fish and gather seeds and acorns. The bill met the fate of being indefinitely postponed, and died in Senate chambers on March 30, 1850.

PDF

03/01/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, March 1, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 36-37 (688).

Reports observations of Indians in Sacramento region & of land fraud.

PDF

03/07/1850

Folder F3753:18, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Graham to Brigadier General Winn forwarding his plan on how to protect citizens from depredations during rainy season. Also requesting a Captaincy if his suggested forces are raised. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, March 7, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

03/11/1850

“The Indians — Their Enemies.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Napa Valley; Sonoma Valley; Clear Lake; Kelsey

PDF

03/11/1850

“Correspondence of the Alta California.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Kelsey, Clear Lake

PDF

03/13/1850

“Our Indian Tribes.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Fremont; Sutter

“…The depredatory incursions of the roving and more mischievous tribes, amounted to nothing more than the theft of horses from their Spanish masters, and which they possibly considered but reclaimed property…”

PDF

03/16/1850

“The Recent Outrages upon the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 16, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

 

PDF

03/19/1850

“The Indian Outrages in Napa Valley.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 19, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Kelsey, Clear Lake

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03/22/1850

Thomas Butler King to John M. Clayton, “T. Butler King’s Report on California,” March 22, 1850, in T. Butler King’s Report on California. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting The report of T. Butler King, esq., heretofore appointed bearer of dispatches and special agent to California, H. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 1 Sess., Vol. 8, Doc. 59, pp. 1-32 (577).

 

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03/28/1850

“Trouble with Indians on the Stanislau.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, March 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Carson’s Creek; Murphy’s New Diggings; Pass le Pine; Wm Hunter; Parkno; F.B. Hoskinson; J. Shelton; H.B. Cotrell; D. Parker; A.P. Osborn

PDF

 

April

 

04/01/1850

“From Stockton and the Southern Mines.” Sacramento Transcript, April 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Carson’s Creek; Murphy’s New Diggings; Pass le Pine; William Hunter; Parkno; F.B. Hockinson; J. Shelton; H.B. Cotrell; D. Parker; A.P. Osborn

PDF

04/05/1850

“Riot with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, April 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

“We have been informed by a gentleman from Deer Creek, that one day last week, some twelve men, who had been soldiers in the Mexican war, attacked a party of Indians whom they accused of stealing animals, and killed four or five men and one squaw…”

PDF

04/08/1850

“Another Outrage upon the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

Deer Creek; Ebben, Bill; Sacramento Transcript (publication)

Complaints have reached Sacramento city, of a disturbance having occurred in the vicinity of Deer creek between the white men and the Indians, attended with quite a severe loss of life…”

PDF

04/09/1850

“Trinidad, a Journey Overland.” Daily Alta California, April 9, 1850: p. 2, col 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Veritas”

“About 40 explorers, some of them  the Indian hunters, left the head of Napa last week for Trinidad, and another company is being formed…”

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04/10/1850

William Carey Jones, “Report on the Subject of Land Titles in California,” April 10, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior Communicating A copy of the report of William Carey Jones, special agent to examine the subject of land titles in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 3, Doc. 18, pp. 1-35 (589).

 

PDF

04/12/1850

“Difficulties with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, April 12, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

 

PDF

04/15/1850

“From Sacramento – Difficulties with the Indians.” Daily Alta California, April 15, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rough & Ready Diggings

“The Indians in the vicinity have for some time back troubled the whites by stealing their cattle. The miners became more and more exasperated, and finally a party was formed, who went out in search of the depredators…”

PDF

04/17/1850

“Legislative Proceedings, Daily Alta California, April 17, 1850: p. 3, col 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Mr. Brown reported a bill for the government and protection of Indians which was read the first and second times.”

PDF

04/22/1850

An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians. Chapter 133, 1850 Statutes of California.

This law was originally introduced as Assembly Bill No. 129, authored by Elam Brown, a delegate to the California Constitutional Convention of 1849 and elected to represent San Jose in the Assembly. While the final law resembles concepts in John Bidwell’s bill, significant provisions were left out of the version that Governor Peter Burnett signed, including the continued right to gather acorns.

PDF

04/23/1850

“Legislative Proceedings.” Sacramento Transcript, April 23, 1850: p. 4, cols. 1-2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Tuesday, April 16, 1850: Senate – Bills read first time…For the government and protection of Indians.. Assembly – Read third time and passed..Bill to provide for the government and protection of Indians.”

PDF

04/25/1850

“Disturbances with the Indians on Dry Creek.” Sacramento Transcript, April 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dry Creek

PDF

04/26/1850

“Mining Intelligence.” Placer Times, April 26, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Indians stealing every thing and getting two or three of their rancherias burnt down in consequence, where upon in revenge they murdered one of the boys and then the war commenced. Seven whites and seventy or eighty red skins are supposed to have passed out.”

PDF

04/26/1850

“Legislative Proceedings.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, April 26, 1850: p. 3, col. 2.

In the Senate… the bill concerning the limitations was read the third time and passed; also the bill for the protection and government of Indians…

PDF

04/27/1850

Folder F3753:1, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Benjamin Hayes to the Governor written at request of county judge. Asks for advice or instruction on forming company of cavalry to protect area from Indians. Also requests copies of newly passed laws. Written in Los Angeles, April 27, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

04/30/1850

“San Joaquin and Placer Intelligence – Trouble with the Indians. Daily Alta California. April 30, 1850, p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mariposa; Dr. Ford; Mr. Smith

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May

 

05/04/1850

“More Difficulties with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 4, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Kelly’s Bar on the North Fork; Barnes Bar

A few days ago, a company of traders encamped at Kelly’s bar… During the night, the Indians robbed [the] wagon… This affair caused a party to leave Barnes’ Bar, for the purpose of punishing the offender. They killed seven of the Indians before their return to the Bar.

PDF

05/08/1850

“Indian Outrage.” Placer Times, May 8, 1850: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Barnes’ Bar; Oregon Bar; Joseph G. Stone; Richard Smythe

“…After the funeral of Mr. Stone a party of forty-five put off after the Indians, but we are not advised of their success…”

PDF

05/09/1850

“Bloody Doings on the North Fork.” Sacramento Transcript, May 9, 1850: p.2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Kelly’s Bar; whites took “several Indian scalps” to Auburn “which were exhibited in that place…”

PDF

05/09/1850

“More Difficulties with the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 9, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Kelly’s Bar; Barnes’ Bar

“…This affair caused a party to leave Barnes’ Bar for the purpose of punishing the offenders. They killed seven of the Indians before their return to the Bar…”

PDF

05/11/1850

“Indian Difficulties.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

Whites took Indian scalps

“The accounts of these outrages spread rapidly and on Saturday last a company of about twenty men, part of whom were mounted on horses, started from Auburn and Kelly’s bar, in pursuit of the Indians. They found them encamped in a valley, near Illinoistown…The loss of the Indians could not be ascertained. Twenty-five dead bodies were found, and it is supposed they concealed and carried off others of their dead. Among their dead were found a woman and a child. The party returned to Auburn, having with them several scalps which were exhibited in that place in the early part of this week…”

PDF

05/17/1850

“Very Late from Trinity River.” Placer Times, May 17, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Humboldt Bay; Trinidad; Trinity river; Eel river; schooner Ryerson

Upon the main bank of the [Eel] river to the north, but a short distance from the mouth, is an Indian village, and another one upon the southerly side… They were assisted in their upward progress by the Indians with their canoes. The tribes appeared numerous but were quite friendly.”

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05/20/1850

“The Indians.” Placer Times, May 20, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Refers to militia expeditions at Deer Creek and Johnson’s Ranch.

Brigadier General A.M. Winn; Major Gen. Thomas J. Green; Brigadier Gen. Eastland; Peter H. Burnett, Governor; Capt. Nicolaus Allgier

“The repeated outrages in every direction will induce a more general militia organization throughout this part of the State. We learn that a volunteer company of young men is being now formed in Sacramento City. They will be the first to tender their aid should future developments require further call upon the militia…”

PDF

05/22/1850

N. Lyon to E. R. S. Canby, May 22, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 81-83 (587).

Letter to Major E.R.S. Canby describing the campaign against Indians around Clear Lake (Bloody Island Massacre of 1850).

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05/22/1850

“Bad News from Trinidad.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 22, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Previous to the return of the Laura Virginia, a party from the lower camp left with the design of ascending the Trinity to the head of navigation. They returned this morning bringing the melancholy news of the death of Mr. Hays, who was upset from the canoe and drowned—also of the loss of four others by capture, viz: Ridlemen, Johnson, Maxwell and another whose name I have not learned. It is to be feared that they have met a cruel death, though the general impression here is that their lives will be spared. They were robbed of everything and even stripped of most of their clothing. They represent the Indians as numerous beyond anything that is to found on the western coast of North America.”

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05/22/1850

“The Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 22, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Oro; Deer Creek; Nicolaus; Johnson’s Ranch; Brig. General A.M. Winn; Major General Thomas J. Green; Governor Peter Burnett; Capt. Nicolaus Allgier

“A volunteer company under the command of Captain Nicolaus Allgier, had prepared to march against the savages, and other parties were being formed. The Indians are reported to number several hundred and to be headed by white men and some Chileans. An engagement is said to have taken place on Deer Creek a few days before, in which four whites and fifteen Indians were killed…

Their [the Indians] repeated outrages in every direction will induce a more general militia organization throughout this part of the State. We learn that a volunteer company of young men is now being formed in Sacramento city. They will be the first to tender their aid should future developments require the further call upon the militia which is anticipated in the above correspondence.—-Placer Times

PDF

05/23/1850

J.A. Sutter to Orlando Brown, May 23, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 37 (688).

Declines offer to become a sub-Indian agent.

PDF

05/23/1850

Letter from J. A. Sutter, May 23, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Declines acceptance as sub-agent and recommends Col. Johnston.

PDF

05/23/1850

“Kentucky Bar, Deer Creek dated May 14, 1850.” Sacramento Transcript, May 23, 1850: p. 1, col. 3-5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Kentucky Bar; Deer Creek; Johnson’s ranch; Grass Valley; Bear River; Hoyt; Gorham; Dr. Lewis; Capt. Ford; McKinley

“…On our journey here, nothing of moment occurred, until we got to within three miles of Deer Creek crossing. Here, we encamped on the third night,and witnessed… a most novel mode of disposing of sick and dead. We found some four or five hundred Indians encamped in the centre of the valley… This ceremony…was intended to drive away the evil spirit, which was tormenting the sick, (a chief and five others;) and the latter part, was the lamentations for the dead…

The Indians have again been murdering our white population. And this time, it has assumed a more than ordinary systematic appearance, and one in which to me, appears to have been urged on by a certain class of whites. Certain, it is, that heretofore, when-ever any trouble has occurred between the miners and the Indians, the latter would fly for protection to this class. It is said, also, a general council of the different tribes has been convened, and a war of extermination determined upon. And what gives color to this report is that small squads of the whites and solitary travelers, are now daily attacked…”

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05/23/1850

“Indian Troubles.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 23, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

Deer Creek

“…The difficulties on Deer Creek, however, have received the encouragement of certain parties of unprincipled white men, and whatever may have caused the existing embittered feeling, there cannot be a doubt that appearances are highly unfavorable to an immediate adjustment of the troubles. That there are those among the Indians who will by every possible endeavor fan the flame of excitement, until, if not subdued, the whole district will revolt, and declare, perhaps, a war of extermination against the Indians. This is to be feared the more, because of the predisposition on the part of a certain class of Americans in that neighborhood, who would make the hue and cry of Indian slaughter the cloak of heinous and the basest crimes…”

PDF

05/24/1850

“Latest from Port Trinidad.” Placer Times, May 24, 1850: p. 4, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rev. Mr. White; mountain Indians

“…The Indians in this vicinity are very harmless, although I must say they are great thieves, and steal every thing they can lay hands on if not well watched… One of them was severely whipped the other day by order of the Alcalde for stealing an axe… The mountain Indians are said to be hostile when they find the whites unarmed… They are a miserable set, however, and when kept at a distance are very peaceable.”

PDF

05/25/1850

Persifer F. Smith to Irvin McDowell, May 25, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of War, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, No. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 75-81 (587).

Letter to Captain Irvin McDowell, Asst. Adj. General describing campaign against Clear Lake tribes & missions. Mentions treaties, p.80.

PDF

05/25/1850

“The Indian Disturbances.” Sacramento Transcript, May 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Clear Lake; Capt. C.C. Catlett

“…It appears that a company of infantry, and another of dragoons, had left Sonoma and overtaken and fought the Indians at Clear Lake, and again on Russian River. Two of the troops were badly wounded, and from 180 to 300 Indians killed…”

PDF

05/25/1850

“Trinidad and Humboldt Harbors.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 25, 1850: p.2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Trinidad and Humboldt harbors; Eel River Indians

“…Several houses have been erected and two or three stores opened. The company are jointly engaged in constructing a fort as a means of protection against the Indians, who have exhibited signs of hostile preparation, and are reported to number already five hundred strong, in the neighborhood of the colonists…”

PDF

05/25/1850

“The Diggings — Indian Difficulties.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

 

PDF

05/27/1850

“The Indian Disturbances.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 27, 1850:, p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Clear Lake; Russian River; Capt. C.C. Caplett;

“…a Lieutenant of Dragoons had just returned to Benicia, bringing reports of two engagements between the Indians and our troops. It appears that a company of infantry, and another of dragoons, had left Sonoma and overtaken and fought the Indians at Clear Lake, and again on Russian River. Two of the troops were badly wounded, and from 180 to 300 Indians killed…”

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05/27/1850

“Trinidad and Humboldt.” Placer Times, May 27, 1850:, p. 2, col.1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Indians troublesome, and a fort to be built at the latter town as a protection against them.”

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05/28/1850

“Horrible Slaughter of Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, May 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Kelsey; Lieut. Davidson; Clear Lake; Clear Lake Indians

“We have just received particulars of the recent slaughter of a large body of Clear Lake Indians by an expedition sent against them from the U.S. Garrisons at Sonoma and Benecia. The tribe that incurred this terrible punishment comprises the natives of Sonoma and Napa vallies, and has maintained, in general, undisturbed peaceful relations with the white settlers of that section of California.”

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05/29/1850

“Our Indian Policy”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), May 29, 1850, p. 2, col. 1.

“there will then be safety only in a war of extermination, waged with relentless fury far and near. The mining lands must be wrested from the river tribes, and the natives forced to flee into the mountains.”

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05/29/1850

“Indian Affairs”, Placer Times, May 29, 1850, p. 2, col. 1.

Gen.Thomas J. Green treaty or terms of truce with the Indian tribes on the Yuba and Bear Rivers. “This is a movement in the right direction…Gen. Green leaves immediately for Washington City, and will represent the state of Indian affairs to the President, and w may soon look for a satisfactory and peaceful adjustment of the difficulties which now embarrass our relations with the aborigines of California.” Contains text of treaty

PDF

05/29/1850

“Revolvers.” Placer Times, May 29, 1850, p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Indian disturbances have raised the price of pistols. Last fall it was deemed quite absurd to take fire-arms to the diggings. Now ‘Colt’s’ medium size commands $75.”

PDF

05/30/1850

“Treaty with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850, p. 2, col. 3-4.

Republished May 29, 1850 Placer Times article regarding Gen. Green treaty with Indians

PDF

05/30/1850

“The Murder of Holt by the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

Samuel H. Holt; George Holt; James Walsh; Wolf Creek

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05/30/1850

“The Napa Indian Disturbances.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

Lieut. Davidson; Clear Lake

“An expedition was fitted out against them [Indians], composed of a detachment of Infantry, and a company of Dragoons, under command of Lieut. Davidson, (75 in all,) with orders to proceed against the Clear Lake Indians, and exterminate if possible the tribe.”

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05/30/1850

“Treaty with the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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05/30/1850

“Massacre of Eleven Americans by the Yumas.” Sacramento Transcript, May 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Colorado River; Gila River; Alcalde Abel Stearns; Governor Burnett; John J. Glanton; Dr. A.L. Lincoln; John A. Johnson; Wm Pewit; John Dorsey; Thomas Harlin; Henderson Smith; John Gunn; Thomas Wilson; James M. Miller; John Jackson; William Carr; Joseph A. Anderson; Marcus L. Webster

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05/30/1850

“The Indians-Important Movement”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), May 30, 1850, p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

American river; Oregonians; Feather river; Trinidad

“…The Oregonians are highly incensed at these outrages and it is thought they will not be satisfied until the offensive Indians are exterminated…”

PDF

05/31/1850

“ Indian Fight and Treaty”, Daily Alta California (S.F.), May 31, 1850, p. 2, col. 2.

Reprint of 5/29 Placer Times article; includes editor comments that the treaty is a “movement in the right direction.”

PDF

 

 

June

06/01/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Capt. J.B. Frisbie ; General Perisfor F. Smith; Capt. Lyon; Capt. Warner; Clear Lake Indians

Discusses expedition of United States’ forces.

PDF

06/01/1850

Folder F3753:2, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Peter H. Burnett to Major General Bean telling him to raise 40 men in Los Angeles and 20 men in San Diego to form company to proceed to Colorado River ferry and punish Indians there and protect immigrants. Written in San Jose, June 1, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

06/03/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 3, 1850: p. 2, col. 1.

Gen. Persifer.F. Smith reports in letter to the Alta:
“The outrages committed on the Indians in Sonoma and Napa, a few months since, were murders of peaceful laboring Indians on the farms in those valleys. The offenders were arrested and escorted by Lieut. Davidson himself, as far as the Sheriff though necessary for security, committed for examination by a magistrate in Benicia, brought by a writ of “habeas corpus” before a court in San Francisco, and released on bail to appear for trial. The tribes on Clear Lake were not approached. Lieut. Davidson was not the Commander of the expedition, and it ought not to be necessary to say, that “an order of extermination without sparing sex or age,” would neither be given or executed by any officer or soldier of the American army. The tribes attacked, and have murdered some of the farmers living nearest them, and attacked others without success, burnt all the houses, and driven off all the cattle where they succeeded – murdered citizens travelling to the mines on Trinity river – defied the authorities – dare the troops to approach them, organized and prepared for a long and armed resistance, and arrayed themselves and fought when they were approached…”

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06/03/1850

“The Clear Lake Indian Massacre.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 3, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

“Under the most plainly justifiable circumstances, such fearful destruction of human life as that which recently occurred in the case of the Clear Lake and Russian River Indians, cannot be thought of without a shudder of horror. If a deserved retribution, surely it cannot but be regarded as a most deplorable retribution. After a conflict, between power and weakness, of some hours’ continuance on an island at the head of Clear Lake, no less than one hundred slain bodies of the Indians, out of about three hundred warriors were counted; many more were wounded mortally, and not a few women and children, as well as warriors, were drowned in their attempt to escape from the entire ruin which threatened them…The order to exterminate the tribe appears to have been given to the expedition …Yet, know that provocations leading to acts of savage depredations have often originated with the whites, and having reason to believe, even in these recent occurrences, remotely, this may have been the fact, we cannot refrain from an expression prompted by humanity, if not a sense of equity, of deep regrets, that so summary a vengeance should have been visited upon these ignorant though depraved men. Often have we had occasion to observe, in the treatment which the Indians of California have received at the hands of individuals or small parties, a most reprehensible disregard of their value, rating them no higher than the inferior animals. We refer here to instances of cold-blooded murder of these people, by those claiming the reputation of civilized men. May such things be no more repeated, for civilization and humanity’s sake, on the soil of California.”

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06/03/1850

“’Diggings’ and ‘Diggers’”. Placer Times, June 3, 1850: p. 3, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“a party of men were out…in search of deer, when they suddenly came upon a body of Indians, 200 in number, they say. They made their way back to camp without being seen by them [Indians]; and the next morning they, with some others, went in search, intending to give them battle.. On their way home, five of them came upon a few Indians, and fired upon them before they were seen. The Indians ran, leaving five dead upon the field, and one Indian squaw too frightened to run. She, with a year old boy, were taken prisoners and brought into camp around sundown.”

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06/03/1850

“Correspondence of the Sacramento Transcript.” Sacramento Transcript, June 3, 1850, p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“…Capt. Bee left town in the afternoon with a party of about thirty men well-armed; they came up with the Indians at their ranche, about four miles from here, and made a descent in two parties upon the camp; the Indians discovered their approach and took to their heels…”

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06/04/1850

Folder F3753:3, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Burnett to Bean instructing him to raise 100 men vice 60 previously mentioned in June 1 letter. Written in San Jose, June 4, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

06/05/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, June 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Clear Lake; Sonoma county; Napa county; General P.F. Smith; Lieut. Davidson; Captain Frisbie; Doctor Ely

General Smith’s description re: outrages committed on Indians of Napa and Sonoma counties.

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06/05/1850

“Lo! The Poor Indian.” Placer Times, June 5, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“One of these unfortunates [Indian] got stabbed in the groin out at Norris’ the other day. He now lies very low at a market house in town, if he is not dead…it is quite likely the other Indian who stabbed will soon be so likewise, on the grounds of retributive justice, as understood on our ‘frontiers.’”

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06/05/1850

“The Murder of Holt by the Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Deer Creek; Wolf Creek; Johnson’s rancho; Capt. Day; Samuel H. Holt; George Holt; James Walsh; Col. Winn

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06/05/1850

“Stafford Bar…” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

A white party hunting for deer came upon a group of Indians, killed five, took woman and child prisoner.

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06/08/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 5.

J.W. Davidson, 1st Lt. Dragoons in letter states:
“On my way through Fremont this morning, I saw in a copy of the Sacramento Transcript, of this date, an article headed “Napa Indian Disturbances,” containing an extract from the columns of the Alta California, beginning, “an expeditions was fitted out against them, composed of a detachment of Infantry, and a company of Dragoons, under command of Lieut. Davidson, &c.” I cannot get the Alta California, which contains this, but here say, that the whole extract is false, and malicious, without exception. No order of extermination was given, and consequently no such order obeyed. The official report of Capt. Lyon, 2d Infantry, who commanded and not myself, will give the true account of this matter.”

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06/10/1850

“Correspondence.” Sacramento Transcript, June 10, 1850: p. 1, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Pilot Hill; Gardner Loveitt; Describes gathering and dances

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06/17/1850

Letter from J.C. Freemont to Orlando Brown, June 17, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Replies to inquiries of the 14th instant about Indians in California, their number, divisions and agents salaries.

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06/18/1850

“The Indians at Rattlesnake Creek.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 18, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rattlesnake Creek, formerly Savage’s Camp; Cunningham’s Ranch; Tuolumne River; Mercedes River; Rose; Samuel Kipp

“…The Indians have of late been particularly troublesome, and if attacked will be doubtless driven to the most southern rivers…”

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06/19/1850

“San Joaquin Intelligence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 19, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rattlesnake Creek; Columbia; Rose; Savage

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06/19/1850

“Disturbance at Rattlesnake Creek.” Sacramento Transcript, June 19, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rattlesnake Creek; Mr. Rose

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06/20/1850

“Indian Matters.” Daily Alta California, June 20, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Bear River; Moore’s Mill; Capt. Lacy; Thos. B. Eastland; Capt. John Moore

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06/24/1850

“The Indians of California.” Sacramento Transcript, June 24, 1850: p. 2, col. 1-2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Culloma; Sutter’s Fort; Oregonians

“…Further depredations were committed, and a few weeks after, another company of about twenty whites left the region of Culloma, and followed the Indians to their encampment.—This handful of men actually took prisoners, and drove to Sutter’s Mill, between two and three hundred Indians. A sort of trial was then given them, after which thirty of their number were shot…”

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06/25/1850

“Fire and Excitement among the Indians at Houck Farm.” Sacramento Transcript, June 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Hock Farm; Gen. Winn; Governor McDougal; Capt. Shannon; E.T. Brown; Capt. Sutter

“…about five hundred Indians, of various tribes, had assembled at the Indian rancheria at that place for the purpose of celebrating a festival by a dance…In the evening, after the party had returned to the house of Capt. Sutter, a member of his establishment having become offended with some of the Indians, who disappointed him by not taking him across the river in a boat as soon as he wished, and being also intoxicated, went to the Indian Rancheria and set fire to a large house to gratify his revenge…”

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06/25/1850

“Trinidad and Humboldt Harbors.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“A ‘brush’ with the Indians was confidently expected in a few days with the Eel River Indians. The whites are preparing to give them battle.”

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06/27/1850

“The Clear Lake Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

“As yet we have received no additional official information with respect to the Military Expedition against the Clear Lake Indians, and we quite d[e]spair of getting access to a copy of the original report of Captain Lyon, commander of the expedition, to General Smith. The public would be glad to have some little further and clearer account of it than they have yet had from any source, and we hope that they may be gratified.”

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06/29/1850

“Sacramento Intelligence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, June 29, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Mr. Freaner is now at ‘Reddings.’ He contemplates leaving there with the company of troops who are to start in a few days for Goose Lake to punish the Indians in that vicinity for the murder of Capt. Warner. He will meet with the early immigration trains at Pitt River, as they come in, and return with them.”

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July

 

07/02/1850

“Liberality.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 2, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Legislature displayed its wisdom in some other laws it passed by it. The 6th section of the Act for the Government and Protection of the Indians…furnish luminous evidence of the clearness of the heads which fixed the compensation of a Juror in a Justice’s Court at one dollar per day.”

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07/03/1850

“San Joaquin Intelligence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 3, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Merced River; Rose; Savage

“I have had another letter from the Merced, concerning the affray in which Rose was killed. Five Indians lost their lives—one of them a Chief, named Lutario. The rumor of Savage’s death is incorrect. He had a difficulty with an Indian, who fired several arrows at him. But a double barreled shot gun saved his life. The tribe with which he had been at variance has moved off. Savage is rather a famous character in the diggings. He exercises a remarkable influence over the Indians, wherever he goes. He subdues them, and they work for him and trade with him.”

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07/03/1850

“The Yuma Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, July 3, 1850, p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Glanton

“It will be recollected that we published an account of the murder of eleven Americans by these Indians, a few weeks since.—The Governor shortly after, ordered a small detachment of troops to the Colorado, for the protection of emigrants soon expected to arrive there from the States…”

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07/06/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, July 6, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 38-42 (688).

Describes difficulties with treaty making, White depredations against Indians, and use of Indian labor.

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07/06/1850

Letter from Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, July 6, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Report on the serious difficulties of the Indians and Whites of Sacramento and his reasons for not agreeing with the treaty.

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07/08/1850

“From Trinidad and Humboldt. Daily Alta California, July 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The Indians are represented as being troublesome, and apprehensions appear to exist at some localities that they will prove yet more so. They are extremely numerous and conduct themselves in a hostile manner.”

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07/09/1850

“Since the Grand Indian Council…” Sacramento Transcript, July 8, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“Since the Grand Indian Council of last week, I have not been able to ascertain anything connected with their proceedings which could be relied upon, save that the Indians took every precaution to keep their proceedings from the knowledge of the whites, and were to keep their meeting a secret if possible….”

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07/09/1850

Folder F3753:4, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Special Order by Bean designating J.C. Morehead as Quarter Master General for expedition. Ordered to fit-out expedition as soon as possible. Written at Headquarters, 4th Division, California Militia, San Diego, July 9, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

Undated

Folder F3753:5, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Order #2 from Bean to Morehead ordering him to procure supplies for 50 men for three months to get to and return from Colorado and Gila. Authorizes use of drafts on Treasury of California. No location of where letter was written or date written.

No copy of document; citation only.

07/10/1850

“Doings at Trinity City.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 10, 1850, p 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Major Smyth Clark; Major Rowe; Ezra Holt; Dr, Anderson; Thos Ghion

“A party left here a few days since for the diggings, and when within five miles of the place were attacked by some Indians…While the wounded men were being cared for a party of 50 men started off after the Indians; they killed two and took three prisoners, they burnt eleven houses or wigwams after taking all the curiosities out of them. We all returned to camp the same day, and an hour before sun-down the three Indians were fairly tried by a jury and condemned to be shot that night. The sentence was duly executed, and the bodies decently buried.”

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07/11/1850

“San Diego Correspondence; The Colorado Indians—Murder-New Military Post. Daily Alta California, July 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/11/1850

Folder F3753:6, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Order #6 from Bean to Morehead ordering him to Los Angeles & Rancho del China (sic) and to purchase rations and horses as required for troops. From there to Colorado & Gila Rivers to try and make treaty or as Governor directed. Written at Headquarters, 4th Division, California Militia, San Diego, July 11, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

07/12/1850

“Report on Land Titles in California.” Sacramento Transcript, July 12, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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07/19/1850

“Murder Near Grayson.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, July 19, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

Grayson; Man killed an Indian; Sheriff permitted him to escape.

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07/20/1850

“Report on Land Titles in California.” Sacramento Transcript, July 20, 1950: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

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August

 

08/06/1850

“Town Above.” Daily Alta California, August 6, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Eureka; Trinity Diggings

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08/14/1850

“For the Transcript, Sacramento City.” Sacramento Transcript, August 14, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Clear Creek; Shasta City; Maj. Redding’s Ranch; Bates

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08/16/1850

“On Monday morning…” Marysville Daily Herald, August 16, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“On Monday morning in the neighborhood of the Moqualomne, two Frenchman were found, one severely wounded and the other killed…It is supposed that the Indians, who are in considerable numbers in that part of the country, had stealthily approached them, and had employed the guns of the Frenchmen for their own destruction.”

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08/17/1850

“The Indian Agent.” Sacramento Transcript, August 17, 1850: p. 2, col.1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Johnson

“Mr. Johnson, agent for the United States Government, has been engaged in visiting the Indians in Northern California for the past few months. He is now in this city, preparing to make a tour through the Indians in Central and Lower California. From a hasty conversation with Mr. Johnson, we have learned a few particulars of the present condition of the Indians, which will interest many. First we will give a list of the tribes visited by him…”

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08/18/1850

“From the Klamath.” Alta California, August 18, 1850: p. 2, col. 3.

 

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08/20/1850

“New Harbor Improvements.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 20, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Humboldt and Trinity Bays; White

“…Kelsey, the Indian Killer, traveling to Humboldt with 5,000 head of cattle…”

“…The Indians are hostile at the forks of the Klamet and Trinity, and it has been found necessary to administer to the same rebuke, we did to those on the coast. Some fifty or sixty Indians were killed, and three villages burnt. Since these measures were resorted to the effect has been decidedly good, their thieving and other annoying propensities having sensibly decreased…”

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08/23/1850

“Not Dead.” Marysville Daily Herald, August 23, 1850: p. 2, col. 2 (bottom). California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“We learn by the Alta of the 18th, that Mr. Thomas Gihon, who it was reported, had been killed some two months ago, by the Indians, on the Klamath River, is now in San Francisco. He was severely wounded, by fortunately escaped the loss of life.”

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08/25/1850

“Southern Correspondence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

San Diego; Glant[i]n sic; Col. Jack Hayes; Major Fitzgerald

“…We hear that Major Fitzgerald, at San Diego, is about dispatching to this quarter a company of troops, and that it is determined to establish a permanent fortification at the mouth of the Gila…”

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08/26/1850

“San Diego Correspondence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 26, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Gila; Rancho del China; San Luis Rey; Bvt Major Heintzelman; Lieut. E. Murray; Lieut. Coutts; Gen. Riley; Gen. Smith; Capt. Hunter; Major Fitzgerald; Lieut. Col. Magruder; Capt. Davidson; Bvt. Maj. Justus McKinstry

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08/26/1850

“The Indian Expedition.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, August 26, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Clear Lake; Capt. Lyon; General Wilson; Captain Warner

The Captain [Lyon] had but recently returned from a continuation of the Clear Lake expedition to punish the murderers of Capt. Warner and endeavor to find his remains. In the vicinity of the place where Captain Warner was killed, the troops had several skirmishes with the Indians, who hovered around the camp and endeavored to steal the animals of the command. One of the infantry soldiers was killed with an arrow, and fifteen Indians were shot. No trace of Captain Warner’s remains could be found, and probably all attempts with the same view will be equally futile.

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08/28/1850

“An Indian Expedition.” Sacramento Transcript, August 28, 1850, p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Camp Far West; Clear Lake expedition; Capt. Lyon; Capt. Warner

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08/29/1850

“Rio Colorado.” Sacramento Transcript, August 29, 1850, p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Gila; Glanton

“A party started some time since for the purpose of re-establishing the ferry at the mouth of the Gila, which was broken up last spring, by the murder of Glanton and his party by the Yumas Indians.”

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September

 

09/03/1850

“Indian Trouble.” Sacramento Transcript, September 3, 1850: p. 1, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Pitts River; Col. Johnson; Daniel B. Washburn; Henry R. Coffman; Edward Mefford; William McCurdy; Levi Barrel; George Starks

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09/03/1850

“Derivation of Our County Name.” Marysville Herald, September 3, 1850: p. 1, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Letter from John Sutter explaining how he named Yuba City after the Indians living “at the old Rancheria” located opposite the mouth of the Yuba River at Yuba City.

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09/04/1850

Folder F3753:7, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Burnett to Bean complaining he hasn’t heard from him officially but has heard troubles not as bad as originally thought. Orders Bean to disband troops as soon as possible on receipt of order. Written in San Jose, September 4, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

09/09/1850

 

California becomes thirty-first (31st ) state of the United States.

 

09/11/1850

“Letter from Trinity Diggings.” Sacramento Transcript, September 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Klamath river; mouth of the Trinity; mouth of the Salmon river; W.H. Beurmann; “…On our return from the Klamath, at its junction with the Trinity, we found the Indians very hostile; and not feeling very good-humored after having lost so many useful articles, we determined this time to give them their just due. After having appointed an old mountaineer for our captain, we attacked their village and succeeded in routing the Indians…”

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09/12/1850

“Mining Prospects…Indian Difficulties.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 12, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Capt. Sanger; Lt. Johnson

“The Indians having been guilty of many unprovoked outrages and murders, the whites formed a corps of Riflemen for their common defense. While some seven or eight of the company were out prospecting they were suddenly attacked by a party of fifty or sixty of the natives, some of whom were armed with pistols which had been imprudently sold them by the whites… Captain Sanger was mortally wounded, and three others severely… Lt Johnson started the next day with the entire force and completely broke up all the enemy’s villages or camps and entirely routed the scoundrels, so that no government aid will be needed at present…”

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09/13/1850

“The Kelseys and the Indians.” Alta California, September 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

“There is a brotherhood of Kelseys living in Sonoma who are among the oldest settlers of the State. These brothers have ever been at open enmity with the Indians of the country. One of that number was killed some time since, by a party of Indians for cruelty to one of their tribe, and since his death frequent and daring have been the acts of retaliation and revenge visited indiscriminately of sex or age upon either Indian manzos, or Indian bravos, in the vicinity of Sonoma…”

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09/13/1850

“Murder by the Indians on North Fork…” Marysville Daily Herald, September 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Bidwell’s Bar; John Ferdinand Hollingreen; Horace Blanchard; Dr. Flint; Morrel; Col. Bronck; John Van Vetchen

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09/14/1850

“Murder by the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, September 14, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Bidwell’s Bar; North Fork Feather River; J. Vanvetchen; Horace A. Blanchard; John Ferdinand Holengreen; R. A. Clarke

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09/15/1850

Adam Johnston, September 15, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 42-43 (688).

Transmits statement of accounts.

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09/16/1850

“The Kelseys and the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, September 16, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Kelsey brothers

“There is a brotherhood of Kelseys living in Sonoma who are among the oldest settlers of the State. These brothers have ever been at open enmity with the Indians of the country. One of their number was killed some time sincey by a party of Indians, for cruelty to one of their tribe, and since his death frequent and daring have been the acts of retaliation and revenge…”

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09/16/1850

“Murder of Mr. Blanchard.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 16, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Bidwell’s Bar; North Fork Feather River; J. Vanvetchen; Horace A. Blanchard; John Ferdinand Holengreen; R. A. Clarke

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09/16/1850

Adam Johnston to Orlando Brown, September 16, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 43-45 (688).

Reports on conditions, lifestyles and troubles of Indians around Sacramento Valley.

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09/17/1850

“The Kelseys and the Indians.” Marysville Herald, September 17, 1850: p. 2, col. 4.

 

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09/18/1850

“Further Relating to the Murder of Blanchard.” Sacramento Transcript, September 18, 1850: p. 3, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

North Fork Feather River; Horace A. Blanchard; John Ferdinand Hollingreen; Col. Bronck; Mr. Clark

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09/27/1850

“Capt. Yates of Yatestown.” Marysville Herald, September 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Feather river; Capt. Yates

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09/27/1850

“Digger or California Indians.” Marysville Herald, September 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The males of the tribe of Diggers in Yuba City go naked in warm weather – bathe frequently in the ‘Feather’ or ‘Yuba’- catch fishes-eat acorns ‘mind their own business.’ The females wear short gowns and nurse the little ones of both genders.”

PDF

09/27/1850

“Indians.” Marysville Herald, September 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

09/28/1850

Certified copy of the Act of Congress authorizing the appointments of Indian agents in California, September 28, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Certified copy of the Act of Congress Sept. 28, 1850, authorizing the appointments of 3 Indian agents in California.

PDF

09/28/1850

“Sonoma Correspondence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, September 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“…the Indian affairs are all quiet, the Kelseys are all gone to the Trinity or the Humboldt…”

PDF

 

October

 

10/11/1850

“Indian Depredations.” Sacramento Transcript, October 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Trinity River; Otey; Hebron; Maj. Redding

“The Indians all along the upper Sacramento and Trinity diggings are becoming exceedingly troublesome… a young man named Hebron, who was on his way to the States… along the Trinity…Hebron was about laying down in his blankets when he was struck by two arrows, which caused his death in twenty-four hours. The Indians who committed the murder belong to the Cotton Wood tribe. As soon as it was known, Maj. Redding offered to furnish eight men, for the purpose of going in quest of the murderers and visiting them with summary justice.”

PDF

10/13/1850

“Sacramento Intelligence; Indian Depredations; Battle with Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 13, 1850: p.2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Trinity River; Otey; Hebron; Maj. Redding
Mouth of Salmon River; Capt. Best; Mr. Van Deuzen

PDF

10/15/1850

A.S. Loughery to Redick McKee, Geo. Barbour, O.M. Wozencraft, October 15, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 8-9 (688).

Suspends appointment as agents; appoints them as commissioners.

PDF

10/18/1850

“Another Indian Outrage” Marysville Daily Herald, October 18, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Stanislaus; Sonora

“A party consisting of eight Americans and ten Mexicans were attacked on Sunday last, on the Stanislus, about twelve leagues from Sonora, while on their way from the mountains, by a large body of Indians… Our informant had reason to believe that the murderers are none other than the Indians who have been prowling about in this vicinity during the past three or four weeks. [Sonora Herald.

PDF

10/18/1850

“Battle with Indians” Marysville Herald, October 18, 1850, p.2, col.5.

Klamath, Van Duzen

PDF

10/19/1850

Letter from R. McKee to A.S. Laughery, October 19, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter acknowledges receipt of Laughery’s instructions; McKee postponed his departures.

PDF

10/22/1850

“We learn…” Marysville Daily Herald, October 22, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Butte Creek; Feather River; Mr. Ford; Kellan’s old trading post

“…on Wednesday last, there was a man murdered by Indians, on the West branch of Feather river, near Kellen’s old trading post… The next morning a party of about 20 men went in pursuit of the Indians. They found them about 2 or three miles from the Post, in a canyon, and killed 7 or 9 Indians, including two or three squaws and wounded some others…”

PDF

10/24/1850

“Murder.” Sacramento Transcript, October 24, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Butte Creek; Feather River; Ford; Kellen’s

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10/25/1850

“Highly Important! Great Excitement in El Dorado County!” Sacramento Transcript, October 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Meetings held in Coloma, Weberville, Placerville, Ringgold, Diamond Springs; G.G. Blodget, Esq.; Mr. Harris; Rosencram; Sheriff Rogers; C. J. Radcliff; Judge Ross; Wm Rogers; P. McNeely; G.W. Crummey; T.G. Palmer; Thomas Nugent; Mr. Brown; Mr. Ankeny; Mr. Humphreys; Mr. Toplin; Mr. Quereau

PDF

10/25/1850

“Battle” Marysville Herald, October 25, 1850, p.2, col.5.

 

PDF

10/25/1850

Folder F3753:9, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Peter H. Burnett to William Rogers, Sheriff, El Dorado City, ordering him to raise 200 men, elect a company commander, punish Indians in vicinity of Ringgold, and protect settlers on trail from Salt Lake to California. Written in Sacramento, October 25, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/26/1850

G.W. Barbour to A.H.H. Stuart, October 26, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 46-47 (688).

Accepts position as commissioner to hold treaties with Indian tribes.

PDF

10/26/1850

Letter from G.W. Barbour to A.H.H. Stuart, October 26, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Accepts the appointment as Indian Commissioner.

PDF

10/26/1850

O.M. Wozencraft to A.S. Loughery, October 26, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 47 (688).

Accepts position as commissioner to hold treaties with Indian tribes.

PDF

10/26/1850

Letter from O.M. Wozencraft to A.S. Loughery, October 26, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Accepts the appointment as commissioner; Marked as: California, 1851 B889-M 1294/Box 1.

PDF

10/26/1850

R.McKee to A.S. Loughery, October 26, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 46 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/26/1850

“Indian War in El Dorado County.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 26, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“…Public meetings had been held in consequence in Coloma, Weberville, Placerville, Ringgold and Diamond Springs, and companies of fifty men raised for immediate service…”

PDF

10/26/1850

“From El Dorado County.” Sacramento Transcript, October 26, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Coloma; Weberville; Ringgold; Gov. Burnett; Sheriff Rogers; Mr. Blodgett

PDF

10/27/1850

“Murder and Retaliation.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, October 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Butte Creek

“A party of some twenty men pursued them [Indians] the next day and killed seven or eight Indians including two or three squaws. Some of the miners are leaving Butte Creek in consequence of the Indian depredations.”

PDF

10/28/1850

Folder F3753:10, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Rogers, Sheriff, to Brigadier General Winn reporting compliance with Governor’s order to raise 200 men to fight Indians. Written at Camp Hall, October 28, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/28/1850

Folder F3753:11, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Sheriff Wm. Rogers reports scouting activities and engagement by Lieutenant Commander McKenney and 16 men with 150 to 200 Indians on the banks of a deep canyon on North branch of McCosumes (sic). Written at Camp Hall, October 29, 1850. 1 page plus 1 enclosure. McKenney’s report claims 3 Indians killed and many wounded. (Sly Park, October 28, 1850).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

10/28/1850

“State of Indian Hostilities in Trinity County.” Sacramento Transcript, October 28, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Citizens petition governor for volunteers.

PDF

10/30/1850

Letter from R. McKee to A.S. Laughery, October 30, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Letter acknowledges received check of $98.95 and says that Barbour and Wozencraft are to meet up in Chagres, Panama.

PDF

10/30/1850

“News from the Scene of Difficulties.” Sacramento Transcript, October 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dry Creek; Mokolumne

“…on Tuesday of last week, a party of between thirty and forty miners armed themselves and went out in search of the missing man. They discovered his body, pierced with arrows, near an Indian camp. Whereupon they went directly on in pursuit of the Indians to punish them. They were successful in finding a few, whom they killed. The party returned last Saturday.”

PDF

 

November

 

11/01/1850

Folder F3753:12, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Muster roll of Company D, First Register of Volunteers – enlisted November 1, 1850. Captain Robert H. Porter, Company Commander. Written November 1, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/01/1850

R.McKee to A.S. Loughery, November 1, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 48 (688).

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/01/1850

Letter from R. McKee to A.S. Laughery, November 1, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

 

PDF

11/01/1850

“John C. Fremont.” Marysville Herald, November 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

11/01/1850

“News from the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, November 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

El Dorado County; Coloma; Lieut. Col. McKinney; Col. Rogers; Brig. Gen. Winn; Geo Kellenberger; V. Daniels

PDF

11/01/1850

“The Indians at Trinidad.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 1, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Trinidad; J.T. Roach; T.J. Gilkey

PDF

11/02/1850

“Further from El Dorado.” Sacramento Transcript, November 2, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

William Rogers; L.H. McKinney; J.C. Johnson; B.F. Ankeny; John Brown; H.W. Bee

PDF

11/04/1850

“Indian Difficulties; Indians at Trinidad.” Sacramento Transcript, November 4, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

 

PDF

11/04/1850

“Further from El Dorado and the Indians.” Sacramento Transcript, November 4, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“The result was that 200 men enrolled themselves to repel the Indians and keep the immigrant trail open. In our last number we gave a list of the officers they elected; William Rogers having been chosen Colonel; L.H. McKinney, Lieut. Colonel; J.C. Johnson, Adjutant; John Brown Commissary; J.L. Slaughter, Surgeon; B.F. Ankeny, Quarter Master…”

Lists volunteers in Col. Rogers’ company from Placerville.

PDF

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:14, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Major E.W. Boone, Acting Company Commander of McKenney’s Company. States another brief engagement resulted in one Indian killed, McKenney dangerously wounded. Indians escaped and Boone couldn’t follow due to rough terrain. Written at Camp Consumnes, November 4, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:15, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from J.L. Johnson, Adjutant, hand carried by Captain Stewart to Brigadier General Winn. Informal report informing Winn, formal report follows and that another man was lost.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/04/1850

Folder F3753:16, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Rogers to Winn telling of five hour battle between 10 of his men and one hundred and fifty Indians on November 3. Fifteen Indians killed, two soldiers killed, one a Delaware, Fremont’s scout. Captain Allison dangerously wounded. Will put uprising down. Written at Headquarters, Johnson Ranch, November 4, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/05/1850

“Indian Difficulties.” Marysville Herald, November 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 2.

South fork of the American river; forks of the Consumnes; Gen. Winn; Captain Stewart; Captain Munson; Capt. Reed; Lieut. Colonel McKinney; Wm. M. Rogers

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[11/06/1850]

“Late from the Scene of Difficulties.” Sacramento Transcript, November 6, 1850: p. 3, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Coloma; Dr. Dixon; A.W. Bee; Capt. Francisco; Col. McKinney; Col. Rogers; V. Daniels

PDF

[11/07/1850]

Folder F3753:18, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Wm. Graham to Brigadier General Winn forwarding his plan on how to protect citizens from depredations during rainy season. Also requesting a Captaincy if his suggested forces are raised. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, March 7, 1850.

[Possible typo on date of document entry by CA State Archives, should be November not March?]

No copy of document; citation only.

 

 

 

11/07/1850

Folder F3753:19, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers acknowledging his dispatch via Captain Stewart. Tells Rogers to use own judgment until he gets word from Governor. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 7, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/07/1850

Folder F3753:20, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Governor Burnett with dispatches (missing). Winn requests orders, says his (Winn’s) staff unwilling to act as not commissioned. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 7, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/08/1850

“Latest from the Indian War.” Sacramento Transcript, November 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Lieut. L.H. McKinney killed; Capt. Stewart; Col. Rogers; Brig. Gen. Winn; Maj. E.W. Boon; Hugh Dixson; Calvin Evarts; Capt. Francisco de Allison

PDF

11/08/1850

“We were much amused and instructed…” Marysville Herald, November 8, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

James Savage

PDF

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:17, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Muster roll of Company C, El Dorado County Detachment, Captain L.B. Manson, Company Commander. Written November 8, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:21, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from J.C. Johnson, Adjutant, to Winn reporting Boone’s election to fill Lieutenant Commander vacancy caused by McKenney’s death. Also election of Captain Reed, Company B to Major slot vice Boone. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, November 8, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:22, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Surgeon S.M. Slaughter on sick status of men to Rogers. Written at Headquarters, Johnson’s Ranch, November 8, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/08/1850

Folder F3753:23, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Report from Wm. Graham to Rogers stating Graham was elected Captain in Boone’s Company. Reports
strength of 25 men in Company, including five Delawares. Written at Headquarters, November 8, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/09/1850

“From El Dorado.” Sacramento Transcript, November 9, 1850, p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Dr. Tayloe; McKinney

“We are in possession of advices from Coloma up to Nov. 6th. They contain nothing later than what we published yesterday except that after the five hour skirmish additional forces were raised at Placerville and Weberville, sufficient, no doubt, to succeed in driving the Indians into the mountains…”

PDF

11/09/1850

R. McKee to Luke Lea, November 9, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 49-50 (688).

Requests more funds for commissioners.

PDF

11/09/1850

Letter from R. McKee to Luke Lea, November 11, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Writes about the expenditures and suggests a special provision for salaries and traveling expenses of commissioners and others.

PDF

11/11/1850

Folder F3753:24, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Governor Burnett. Awaits requested guidance, Rogers there asking for instructions, Winn appalled at expenses – estimates $3,500 per day for month or more. California doesn’t have money and suggests disband and reorganize into 100 men unit run militarily. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 11, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/11/1850

“What Congress Has Done.” Sacramento Transcript, November 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Bill to create three Indian agencies in California and provide $100,000 to negotiate treaties passed the U.S. Senate.

PDF

11/11/1850

“Later from the Indian War.” Sacramento Transcript, November 11, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Johnson’s Ranch; Park Valley; Col. Rogers met with Governor

PDF

11/11/1850

“Death and Burial of Col. McKinney.” Sacramento Transcript, November 11, 1850: p. 1, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Maj. L.H. McKinney; Dr. Simmon; Judge Daniels; Rev. Mr. Oliver; Col. Farewell; Gen. Willock; George Killenberg; John T. Little; E.S. Hall; Louis M. Booth; Col. Kendrick; Esquire Anderson; Mr. Daniels; Mr. Gordon; H.C. Worth; J.R. Witherell

PDF

11/11/1850

“Murder by Indians at Humboldt Bay.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 11, 1850; p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mr. D. Turner of Kentucky; James S. Fryer

PDF

11/11/1850

Letter from G.W. Barbour to A.H.H. Stuart, November 11, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

Official oath as Indian Agent for California.

PDF

11/13/1850

“Summary of News.” Sacramento Transcript, November 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rogers; El Dorado Expedition

PDF

11/13/1850

“Murders by Indians at Humboldt Bay.” Sacramento Transcript, November 13, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

D. Turner; James S. Fryer

PDF

11/13/1850

Folder F3753:25, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Burnett to Winn enclosing orders (missing) for Rogers. (sent by express) Written in San Jose, November 13, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/15/1850

Folder F3753:26, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Governor Burnett to Winn again enclosing orders for Rogers (sent by mail). Written in San Jose, November 15, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/15/1850

Folder F3753:27, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Burnett to Rogers directing him to reduce to 100 men and terminate as soon as possible. Roger’s discretion but keep expenses down. (enclosure to letter to Winn) Written in San Jose, November 15, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/20/1850

“Latest from El Dorado County.” Sacramento Transcript, November 20, 1850: p. 3, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Captain Lyman B. Munsen; Maj. Kelly; Gen. Winn; George Goodhill; Capt. B.F. Stewart; Capt. D. Allison; Lieut. Col. Boone; J.H. Kelly

PDF

11/20/1850

“Number of Colonel Rogers Force.” Sacramento Transcript, November 20, 1850: p. 3, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

G.G. Blodgett; Governor Burnett; Col. Rogers

PDF

11/20/1850

“Conditions of Affairs in the Indian Country.” Sacramento Transcript, November 20, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Col. Rogers; Capt. Francisco; Dr. Dixon; Capt. Stewart; Capt. Munsen; Col. McKinney

PDF

11/21/1850

“The Search; Indian Outrages.” Sacramento Transcript, November 21, 1850: p. 2, col. 1-2.
California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Long Bar; Oakland; Col. Rogers

PDF

11/23/1850

“List of Acts.” Sacramento Transcript, November 23, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Act to Authorize the Appointment of Indian Agents in California

PDF

11/23/1850

“Our Trinidad Correspondence.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 23, 1850; p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Klamath mines; Salmon Creek

“The reports in regards to Indian murders are false, with the exception of Mssrs Pink and Cushing. One of the Indians has since then been shot.”

PDF

11/25/1850

“Latest from Col. Rogers’ Volunteers.” Sacramento Transcript, November 25, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Grass Valley; Volcano; Calaveras county; Col. Rogers; Gov. Burnett; Maj. Kelly; Brig. Gen. A.M. Winn

PDF

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:28, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers advising him to wind war down soon if can’t get Indians to stand and fight – stresses expense. Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:29, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Winn to Rogers explaining that Lieutenant Commander and Major elected recently were done so illegally and that Roger’s commission as Battalion Company Commander is Major not Colonel asks for complete accounting of all officers (this is enclosure to Winn’s November 25 letter). Written at Brigade Headquarters, Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/25/1850

Folder F3753:30, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Major J. H. Kelly to Winn reports as directed on Roger’s handling of situation. Enlistments expiring soon – outlines disposition of each Company and some officers. Written in Sacramento, November 25, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

11/26/1850

“Arrival of the California.” Marysville Herald, November 26, 1850: p.2,
cols.3-5.

Reports that Congress authorizes Indian Agents for California; Appoints McKee, Barbour, and Wozencraft to newly created posts.

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11/26/1850

“Commissioned Officers; Last Orders.” Sacramento Transcript, November 26, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

List of officers commissioned by Gov. Burnett

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11/27/1850

“Interesting from Los Angeles…Conflict between the State Troops and the Yuma Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California November 27, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Rancho del Chino; San Diego; “Cahoone Pass;” Maj. Hamilton; Gen. Morehead; Maj. General Bean; Capt. Larell

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11/27/1850

L. Lea, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 27, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 1, pp. 35-46 (587).

 

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11/29/1850

“San Joaquin Intelligence – Fifteen Americans Killed by Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 29, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mokelumne Hill; Col. Rogers

“From the Stockton Journal of Wednesday we learn that there has been a fight between the Indians and Americans, in the vicinity of Mokelumne Hill, in which fifteen of the latter were killed, and probably as many of the Indians…”

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11/29/1850

L. Lea to R. McKee, November 29, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, p. 13 (688).

States that funds for the purchase of firearms can not be granted.

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11/30/1850

“Summary of News.” Sacramento Transcript, November 30, 1850: p. 2, col.1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mokelumne Hill; Sheriff Rogers; Gov. Burnett; Maj. Kelly

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11/30/1850

“The State Troops.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, November 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

San Diego; Gila River; Colorado River; Los Angeles; General Morehead; Gov. Burnett; Maj. Gen. Bean

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11/30/1850

C.M. Conrad, Report of the Secretary of War, November 30, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 2, pp. 3-12 (587).

 

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December

 

12/02/1850

Alex H.H. Stuart, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, December 2, 1850, Sen. Exec. Docs., 31 Cong., 2 Sess., Vol. 1, Doc. 1, Pt. 1, pp. 19-34 (587).

Report of the Secretary of the Interior; Discusses the California Treaty Commission on p. 29.

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12/02/1850

“Indian Troubles – 15 Americans Killed – From the Stockton Journal of Wednesday.” Sacramento Transcript, December 2, 1850: p. 2, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Col. Rogers; Mokelumne Hill

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12/03/1850

“The Last Orders.” Marysville Herald, December 3, 1850: p.2, col.5.

Reports that General Winn directed Col. Rogers to bring the Indians to terms.

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12/04/1850

“Indian Depredations.” Sacramento Transcript, December 4, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mariposa; Capt. Powell; Jack Ryan; Frank Ross; Robert Collins; Mr. Wallis

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12/05/1850

“State of Things in El Dorado.” Sacramento Transcript, December 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Grass Valley; Placerville; Col. Rogers

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12/05/1850

“Miner’s Meeting at Grass Valley.” Sacramento Transcript, December 5, 1850: p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Grass Valley; John J. Adams; John Nutter; James C. Taylor; J. Blair; E. Gart; Col. Rogers

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12/06/1850

“Indian Hostilities-Fifteen Men Murdered.” Marysville Herald, December 6, 1850: p. 3, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mokelumne Hill; Col. Rogers

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12/06/1850

“Dinner to Col. Wm Rogers and Staff.” Sacramento Transcript, December 6, 1850: p. 4, col. 2. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Col. Wm Rogers; A. M. Winn; lists attendees and toasts made

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12/06/1850

R. McKee to Luke Lea, December 6, 1850, in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a copy of the correspondence between the Department of the Interior and the Indian agents and commissioners in California, Sen. Exec. Docs., 33 Cong., Spec. Sess., Doc. 4, pp. 52-53 (688).

Reports that a conflict occurred in the area of Weaver Creek.

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12/06/1850

Letter from R. McKee to Luke Lea, December 6, 1850, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881, California Superintendency, 1849-1880; 35 mm microfilm, MFL 323.1197, Reel 32.
Letters of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1849-1880, California Superintendency Online Collection, American Indian Resources Center, County of Los Angeles Public Library.

While traveling to Panama, McKee is informed about the Indians being dissatisfied and unsettled. There has been bloodshed and conflict between the whites and Indians.

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12/09/1850

“Reciprocal Dinner by Col. Rogers and Staff.” Sacramento Transcript, December 9, 1850, p. 2, col. 3. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Col. Wm Rogers; A. M. Winn; lists attendees and toasts made

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12/10/1850

Folder F3753:37, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Letter from Rogers to Winn reporting unit already disbanded prior to receiving Governor’s reduction order. Cites imminent approach to rains as reason. Written in Placerville, December 10, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/12/1850

“Editors of the Transcript [Klamath].” Sacramento Transcript, December 12, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Indians are “the only obstacle to complete success in the mines.”

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12/15/1850

“The Indians.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 15, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Lengthy op-ed regarding Indians, Indian policy in California; critical of instigators of El Dorado Expedition

“The fact is, our occupation of the country has driven them to the utmost straits. Their fisheries, one of their previously chief sources of supply, have been broken up or occupied by our people. The game, their other great resource, has been driven off or destroyed by the white man’s greater skill and more efficient means of death…Oppression, abuse and hunger have driven these miserable beings to acts of robbery and murder…it is our own settled opinion…that there has been no necessities for Indian wars in this State, and that a just and honorable course by the whites would have ensured lasting and unbroken peace between the two races.”

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12/18/1850

“The present session of Congress.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 18, 1850: p. 2, col. 1. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“…We must have treaties with our Indian tribes, and of any acts additional [as] are necessary to enable the commissioners already appointed to carry into effect the object for which they have been set apart, we look to the present session of Congress to pass them…”

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12/20/1850

“The Indians of Oregon.” Sacramento Transcript, December 20, 1850: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Governor of Oregon proposes Legislature pass an “act authorizing the apprenticing of Indian children to useful trades and occupations…”

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12/24/1850

Folder F3753:38, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

An account rendered by B. F. Clark for services as express rider and aid to Major Wm. Rogers for 49 days for self and one horse while a member of 1st Battalion, California Volunteers, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division. Affidavit attached and certification of service from Rogers. Notations on back of account indicates Board of War Examiners rejected claim. Written in Yuba County, December 24, 1850.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

No date

Folder F3753:39, Military Department. Adjutant General. Indian War Papers, F3753, California State Archives.

http://www.oac.cdlib.org

Petition from Rogers to State Legislature requesting they verify his accounts for war, pay suppliers, and his officers and men. Location and date written not known.

No copy of document; citation only.

 

12/30/1850

“Indian Agents.” San Francisco Daily Alta California, December 30, 1850: p. 2, col. 6. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

“We are pleased to notice the arrival of two of the Indian Agents appointed for California, Dr. O.M. Wozencraft…and Reddick McKee…These gentlemen hold a double commission, that of Agents, first conferred upon them, and afterwards, that of commissioners.”

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12/31/1850

“Later from the Mountains-Indian Troubles.” Sacramento Transcript, December 31, 1850: p. 2, col. 4. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Mariposa region and James Savage

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12/31/1850

“Indian Agents.” Sacramento Transcript, December 31, 1850: p. 2, col. 5. California Digital Newspaper Collection, Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, University of California, Riverside, http://cdnc.ucr.edu.

Wozencraft and McKee arrived on last steamer; have power to negotiate treaties.

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